Boston University International Law Journal

The Boston University International Law Journal (BU ILJ) publishes articles on international law written by professional authors and practitioners, as well as student authored notes. As one of the nation's leading international law journals, ILJ seeks to maintain the highest editorial standards and to produce a professional quality publication worthy of international recognition. Published biannually in the spring and summer, ILJ also reviews current books focusing on international law. Email us at or call us at (617) 353-3157 with your questions.

VOLUME 31 ISSUE 1 — Spring 2013



The Transformation of Quantity into Quality: Critical Mass in the Formation of Customary International Law
William Thomas Worster
Page 1

Human Rights and Unintended Consequences: Empirical Analysis of International Economic Sanctions in Contemporary Practice
Michael P. Malloy
Page 75

Superpower Responsibility for State Recognition: Charting a Course for Nagorno-Karabakh
Amit K. Chhabra
Page 125


Smaller Steps Towards Progress in the Dominican Republic: Securing Equal Access to Education for Dominico-Haitian Children
Esther Kim
Page 155

In the Shadow of the Law: An Examination of Corruption and the Rule of Law in Armenia
Scott A. Moore
Page 189