Boston University School of Law

George J. Annas


Harvard College
A.B., magna cum laude, 1967
Phi Beta Kappa, economics

Harvard Law School
J.D., 1970

Harvard School of Public Health
M.P.H., 1972


Department of Health Law, Bioethics & Human Rights
Boston University School of Public Health


Chairman and William Fairfield Warren Distinguished Professor
Department of Health Law, Bioethics & Human Rights
Boston University School of Public Health
Professor of Law, Boston University School of Law
Professor of Socio-Medical Sciences, Boston University School of Medicine

Professional Experience

Boston University School of Public Health
Edward R. Utley Professor of Health Law (1982‑Present)
Chair, Department of Health Law, Bioethics & Human Rights (since 2003)

Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health
Founder and first Director, Law, Medicine & Ethics Program (1989‑Present)
Associate Professor of Health Law (1978‑1982)

Center for Law and Health Sciences, Boston University School of Law
Director (1973‑1978)

Boston College Law School
Visiting Assistant Professor of Law (1972‑1973)

Harvard University
Research Fellow in Medical Ethics in the Faculty of Medicine (1971‑1972)

Justice John V. Spalding, Supreme Judicial Court, Boston, MA
Law Clerk (1970‑1971)

Member of the Bar

1970 Commonwealth of Massachusetts (highest mark on June, 1970, bar examination of 720 taking it)

1970 State of Minnesota

Other Major Professional Activities

1972‑1980 Editor‑in‑Chief, Medicolegal News (a bimonthly publication of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, now Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics)

1972‑1975 First Chair, Massachusetts Health Facilities Appeals Board

1973‑1979 Instructor in Law (law and medicine), Boston College Law School

1976‑1991 Feature Writer, "At Law," Hastings Center Report

1976‑1981 Vice‑Chair, Massachusetts Board of Registration in Medicine, and Chair of the Board's Complaint Committee

1980‑1983 Chair, Family and Science Committee, Family Law Section American Bar Association

1982‑2002 Chair, Committee on Medical Practice and Medical Research, Science and Technology Section, American Bar Association

1983‑1992 Contributing Editor, “Public Health and the Law,” American Journal of Public Health

1983‑1984 Chair, Massachusetts Task Force on Organ Transplantation

1991- Feature Writer, “Legal Issues in Medicine,” New England Journal of Medicine

1996 Co-founder, Global Lawyers and Physicians (see

2002- Co-chair, Committee on Health Rights and Bioethics, Individual Rights and Responsibilities Section, American Bar Association

2006- Member, Human Rights Committee, National Academies

Awards and Honors

First recipient of Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Foundation Fellowship in Medical Ethics Harvard University, 1971‑1972

Editor‑in‑Chief Emeritus, Law, Medicine and Health Care (now Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics) 1980

Honorary Lifetime Member, American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 1981

Humanitarian Award,American Public Health Association, New Professionals Section, 1982

Community Service Award, Health Planning Council for Greater Boston, 1984

National Health Law Teachers Award, American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 1993

Doctor of Humane Letters, honoris causa, Salem State College, 1994

Milton Greenblatt Award, Massachusetts Psychiatry Society, 1995

Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1996

Member, Institute of Medicine, 1997

Dedicatee, Vol. 15, Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy, 1998 [dedication essay by Jay Katz at 15: ix-xx]

Honorary Fellow, American College of Legal Medicine, 2000

Jennifer Robbins Award, Health Law Forum, American Public Health Association, 2001

Humanist of the Year Award, Ethical Society of Boston, 2003

University Lecturer, Boston University, 2005

Pelligrino Award for Bioethics, Samford University, 2007

McDonald-Merrill-Ketcham Memorial Award for Law & Medicine, Indiana University, 2008.




Annas, G.J., The Rights of Hospital Patients, Avon, NY, 1975 (2d ed., So. Ill. U. Press, enitled The Rights of Patients, 1989), (3d ed. New York U. Press, The Rights of Patients, 2004)

Annas, G.J., Judging Medicine, Humana Press, Clifton, NJ, 1988.

Annas, G.J., Standard of Care: The Law of American Bioethics, Oxford U. Press, NY, 1993.

Annas, G.J., Some Choice: Law, Medicine & the Market, Oxford U. Press, NY, 1998.

Annas, G.J., American Bioethics: Crossing Human Rights and Health Law Boundaries, Oxford U. Press, N.Y., 2005.


Annas, G.J., Glantz, L.H. & Katz, B.F., Informed Consent to Human

Experimentation: The Subject's Dilemma, Ballinger, Cambridge, MA, 1977.

Annas, G.J., Glantz, L.H. & Katz, B.F., The Rights of Doctors, Nurses, and Allied Health Professionals, Avon, NY, 1981.

Elias, S. & Annas, G.J., Reproductive Genetics and the Law, Mosby-Yearbook Medical Pub., Chicago, 1987.

Annas, G.J., Law, S., Rosenblatt, R. & Wing, K., American Health Law, Little Brown, Boston, 1990.

Wing, K.R., Mariner, W.K., Annas, G.J. & Strouse D.S., Public Health Law, LexisNexis, Newark, 2007.


Annas, G.J., co-editor, Genetics and the Law, Plenum, NY, 1976.

Annas, G.J., co-editor, Genetics and the Law II, Plenum, NY, 1980.

Annas, G.J., co-editor, Genetics and the Law III, Plenum, NY, 1985.

Annas, G.J. & Grodin, M.A., eds., The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code: Human Rights in Human Experimentation, Oxford U. Press, NY, 1992.

Annas, G.J. & Elias, S., eds., Gene Mapping: Using Law and Ethics as Guides, Oxford U. Press, NY, 1992.

Annas, G.J., co-editor (with Mann, J., Gruskin, S. & Grodin, M.), Health and Human Rights: A Reader, Routledge, NY 1999.

Annas, G.J., co-editor (with Gruskin, S., Grodin, M. & Marks, S.), Perspectives on Health and Human Rights, Routledge, NY, 2005. 6

Articles (selected)

Legal Literature

Annas, G.J., Medical Remedies and Human Rights: Why Civil Rights Lawyers Must Become Involved in Medical Decision-Making, 2 Human Rights 151-167 (1972).

Annas, G.J. & Glantz, L.H., Psychosurgery: The Law's Response, 54 Boston U.L. Rev. 279-297 (1974).

Annas, G.J. & Healey, J.M., The Patient Rights Advocate: Redefining the

Doctor-Patient Relationship in the Hospital Context, 27 Vanderbilt L. Rev. 243-269 (1974).

Annas, G.J., Medical Malpractice: Are the Doctors Right?, 10 Trial 59-65 (July 1974).

Annas, G.J., The Hospital: A Human Rights Wasteland, Civil Liberties Rev. 9-29 (Fall 1974).

Annas, G.J., Law and Medicine: Myths and Realities in the Medical School Classroom, 1 Am. J. Law & Med. 195-208 (1975).

Annas, G.J. & Coyne, B., ‘Fitness’ for Birth and Reproduction: Legal Implications of Genetic Screening, 9 Family Law Quarterly 463-489 (Fall 1975).

Annas, G.J. & Katz, B.F. & Trakimas, R.G., Medical Malpractice Litigation under National Health Insurance: Essential or Expendable? 1976 Duke L.J. 1353-1373.

Annas, G.J., Allocation of Artificial Hearts in the Year 2002: Minerva v. National Health Agency, 3 Am. J. Law & Med. 59-76 (1977).

Annas, G.J., Reconciling Quinlan and Saikewicz: Decision-Making for the Terminally Ill Incompetent, 4 Am. J. Law & Med. 367-402 (1979).

Annas, G.J., Fathers Anonymous: Beyond the Best Interests of the Sperm Donor, 14 Family Law Quarterly 1-13 (1980).

Annas, G.J. & Elias, S., In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer: Medicolegal Aspects of a New Technique to Create a Family, 17 Family Law Quarterly 199-223 (1983). 7

Annas G.J & Densberger, J., Competence to Refuse Medical Treatment: Autonomy vs. Paternalism, 15 Toledo L. Rev. 561-595 (1984).

Annas, G.J., Conflicts of Interest Disqualification in Medical Malpractice Litigation, 13 Law, Med. & Health Care 233-37 (1986).

Annas, G.J., Death and the Magic Machine: Informed Consent to the Artificial Heart, 9 W. New Engl. L. Rev. 89-112 (1987).

Annas, G.J., The Impact of Medical Technology on the Pregnant Woman's Right to Privacy, 13 Am. J. Law & Med. 213-232 (1987).

Annas, G.J., Faith (Healing), Hope and Charity at the FDA: The Politics of AIDS Drug Trials, 34 Villanova L. Rev. 771-797 (1989).

Annas, G.J., Doctors and Lawyers and Wolves, 29 Jurimetrics 437-450 (1989).

Annas, G.J., Health Law at the Turn of the Century: From White Dwarf to Red Giant, 21 Conn. L. Rev. 551-569 (1989).

Annas, G.J., Mapping the Human Genome and the Meaning of Monster Mythology, 39 Emory L.J. 629-664 (1990).

Mariner, W.K., Glantz, L.H. & Annas, G.J., Pregnancy, Drugs, and the Perils of Prosecution, Criminal Justice Ethics, 30-41 (Winter/Spring 1990).

Annas, G.J., Mengele's Birthmark: The Nuremberg Code in United States Courts, 7 J. Contemporary Health Law & Policy 17-45 (1991).

Annas, G.J., The Changing Landscape of Human Experimentation: Nuremberg, Helsinki, and Beyond, 2 Health Matrix: J. Law-Med. 119-140 (1992).

Annas, G.J. & Miller F.H., The Empire of Death: How Culture and Economics Affect Informed Consent in the U.S., the U.K., and Japan, 20 Am. J. Law & Med. 357-394 (1994).

Annas, G.J., Glantz, L.H. & Roche, P.A., The Genetic Privacy Act and Commentary, (1995), 165 pages (monograph).

Annas, G.J., Glantz, L.H. & Roche, P.A., Drafting the Genetic Privacy Act: Science, Policy and Practical Considerations, 23 J. Law, Med. & Ethics 360-66 (1995).

Annas, G.J., Questing for Grails: Duplicity, Betrayal and Self-Deception in Postmodern Medical Research, 12 J. Contemporary Health Law & Policy 297-324 (1996).

Annas, G.J., Facilitating Choice: Judging the Physician’s Role in Abortion and Suicide, 1 Quinnipiac Health Law 93-112 (1996).

Annas, G.J., The ‘Right to Die’ in America: Sloganeering from Quinlan and Cruzan to Quill and Kevorkian, 34 Duquesne L. Rev. 875-897 (1996).

Annas, G.J., The Promised End: Physician-Assisted Suicide and Abortion, 35 Duquesne L. Rev. 183-199 (1996).

Annas, G.J., Protecting Soldiers from Friendly Fire: The Consent Requirement for Using Investigational Drugs and Vaccines in Combat, 24 Am. J. Law & Med. 245-260 (1998).

Annas, G.J., Human Cloning: A Choice or an Echo?, 23 Dayton Law Rev. 247-275 (1998).

Annas, G.J., Genetic Privacy: There Ought to be a Law, 4 Texas Rev. Law & Pol. 7-15 (1999).

Annas, G.J., The Man on the Moon, Immortality, and Other Millennial Myths: The Prospects and Perils of Human Genetic Engineering, 49 Emory Law J. 753-782 (2000).

Annas, G.J., The Limits of Law at the Limits of Life: Lessons from Cannibalism, Euthanasia, Abortion, and the Court-Ordered Killing of One Conjoined Twin to Save the Other, 33 Conn. Law Rev. 1275-1296 (2001).

Annas, G.J., Andrews, L. & Isasi, R., Protecting the Endangered Human: Toward an International Treaty Prohibiting Cloning and Inheritable Alterations, 28 Am. J. Law & Med.151-178 (2002).

Annas, G.J., Blinded by Bioterrorism: Public Health and Liberty in the 21st Century, 13 Health Matrix: J. Law-Medicine 33-70 (2003).

Annas, G.J., Puppy Love: Bioterrorism, Civil Rights, and Public Health, 55 Florida L. Rev. 1171-1190 (2003).

Isasi, R.M., Annas, G.J., Arbitrage, Bioethics, and Cloning: The ABCs of Gestating a United Nations Cloning Convention, 35 Case Western Reserve J. International Law 397-414 (2003).

Annas, G.J., American Bioethics and Human Rights: The End of All Our Exploring, 32 J. Law, Med. & Ethics 658-663 (2004). 9

Annas, G.J., The ABCs of Global Governance of Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Arbitrage, Bioethics and Cloning, 39 New Engl. L. Rev. 489 (2005).

Annas, G.J., The Statue of Security: Human Rights and Post-9/11 Epidemics, 38 J. Health Law 319-351 (2005).

Annas, G.J., ‘I Want to Live’: Medicine Betrayed by Ideology in the Political Debate over Terri Schiavo, 35 Stetson L. Rev. 49-80 (2005).

Annas, G.J., Human Rights Outlaws: Nuremberg, Geneva, and the Global War on Terror, 87 Boston U. L. Rev. 427-466 (2007).

Health Care Literature

Annas, G.J., Decision-Making and the Critically Ill Patient: Some Legal Aspects of a Patient Classification Scheme, 42 Linacre Quarterly 116-122 (1975).

Annas, G.J., Avoiding Malpractice Suits Through Informed Consent, Current Problems in Pediatrics, March, 1976, 48 pages (monograph).

Annas, G.J., Legal Aspects of Medical Confidentiality in the Occupational Settings, 18 J. Occupational Medicine 537-540 (1976).

Annas, G.J., Informed Consent, 29 Annual Review of Med. 9-4 (1978).

Annas, G.J., Refusing Treatment for Incompetent Patients: Why Quinlan and Saikewicz Agree on the Roles of Guardians, Physicians, Judges, and Ethics Committees, 80 N.Y. State J. Med. 816-821 (1980).

Annas, G.J., The Care of Private Patients in Teaching Hospitals: Legal Implications, 56 Bulletin of N.Y. Academy of Med. 403-411 (1980).

Annas, G.J., The Emerging Stowaway: Patient Rights in the 1980s, 10 Law, Med. & Health Care 32-36 (Feb. 1982).

Annas, G.J., Mandatory PKU Screening: The Other Side of the Looking Glass, 72 Am. J. Public Health 1401-03 (1982).

Annas, G.J. et al, The Right to Refuse Treatment: A Model Act, 73 Am. J. Public Health 918-921 (1983).

Annas, G.J., Regulating Heart and Liver Transplants in Massachusetts: An Overview of the Report of the Task Force on Organ Transplantation, 13 Law, Med. & Health Care 4-7 (1985) (with commentary on the Report).

Elias, S. & Annas, G.J., Social Policy Considerations in Noncoital Reproduction, 255 JAMA 62-68 (1986).

Annas, G.J. & Glantz, L.H., The Rights of Elderly Patients to Refuse Life-sustaining Treatment, 64 Milbank Quarterly 95-162 (1986).

Annas, G.J., Protecting the Liberty of Pregnant Patients, 316 New Engl. J. Med. 1213-14 (1987).

Annas, G.J., Fairy Tales Surrogate Mothers Tell, 16 Law, Med. & Health Care 27-33 (1988).

Annas, G.J. & Elias S., The Politics of Transplantation of Human Fetal Tissue, 320 New Engl. J. Med. 1079-82 (1989).

Annas, G.J., The Supreme Court, Privacy, and Abortion, 321 New Engl. J. Med. 1200-02 (1989).

Annas G.J., Glantz, L.H. & Mariner, W.K., The Right of Privacy Protects the Doctor-Patient Relationship, 263 JAMA 858-61 (1990).

Annas, G.J., Nancy Cruzan and the Right to Die, 323 New Engl. J. Med. 670-3 (1990).

Annas, G.J., The Health Care Proxy and the Living Will, 324 New Engl. J. Med. 1210-3 (1991).

Glantz, L.H., Mariner, W.K., Annas, G.J., Risky Business: Setting Public Health Policy for HIV-Infected Health Care Professionals, 70 Milbank Quarterly 43-79 (1992).

Annas, G.J., Breast Cancer Screening in Older Women: Law and Patient Rights, 47 Journals of Gerontology 121-25 (1992).

Annas, G.J., Privacy Rules for DNA Databanks: Protecting Coded `Future Diaries,' 270 JAMA 2346-50 (1993).

Annas, G.J., Regulatory Models for Human Embryo Cloning: The Free Market, Professional Guidelines, and Government Restrictions, 4 Kennedy Instit. Ethics J 235-250 (1994).

Annas, G.J., Reforming the Debate on Health Care Reform by Replacing our Metaphors. 332 New Engl. J. Med. 744-747 (1995).

Annas, G.J. & Grodin, M.A., Medicine and Human Rights: Reflections on the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Doctors’ Trial, 2 Health and Human Rights 6-24 (1996).

Annas, G.J., Caplan, A. & Elias, S. The Politics of Human Embryo Research: Avoiding Ethical Gridlock, 334 New Engl. J. Med. 1329-32 (1996).

Grodin, M.A. & Annas, G.J., Legacies of Nuremberg: Medical Ethics and Human Rights, 276 JAMA 1682-83 (1996).

Annas, G.J. & Grodin, M.A., Human Rights and Maternal-Fetal HIV Transmission Prevention Trials in Africa, 88 Am. J. Public Health 560-563 (1998).

Annas, G.J., Human Rights and Health — The Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 50, 339 New Engl. J. Med. 1778-82 (1998).

Annas, G.J. & Elias, S. Thalidomide and the Titanic: Reconstructing the Technology Tragedies of the Twentieth Century, 89 Am. J. Public Health 98-101 (1999).

Annas, G.J., Burden of Proof: Judging Science and Protecting Public Health in (and out of) the Courtroom, 89 Am. J. Public Health 490-493 (1999).

Annas, G.J., Caplan, A. & Elias, S. Stem Cell Politics, Ethics and Medical Progress, 5 Nature Medicine 1339-41 (1999).

Annas, G.J., Rules for Research on Human Genetic Variation: Lessons from Iceland, 342 New Engl. J. Med. 1830-1833 (2000).

Glantz, L.H. & Annas, G.J., Tobacco, the Food and Drug Administration, and Congress, 344 New Engl. J. Med. 152-154 (2000).

Annas, G.J., Cloning and the U.S. Congress, 346 New Engl. J. Med. 1599-1602 (2002).

Annas, G.J., Bioterrorism, Public Health, and Human Rights, 21 Health Affairs 94-97 (Nov. 2002)

Annas, G.J., Elias, S., Politics, Morals and Embryos, 431 Nature 19-20 (2004).

Annas, G.J., The Patient’s Right to Safety: Improving Quality of Care through Litigation against Hospitals, 354 New Engl. J. Med. 2063 (2006). 12

Roche P.A., Annas, G.J., DNA Testing, Banking, and Genetic Privacy, 355 New Engl. J. Med. 545 (2006).

Grodin M.A., Annas, G.J., Physicians and Torture: Lessons from the Nazi Doctors, 89 International Rev. Red Cross 635-654 (2007).


The above list does not include either approximately 175 articles published as regular features in the Hastings Center Report [89 total, approximately 60 of which are collected in Judging Medicine and another 20 in Standard of Care] American Journal of Public Health [16 total, 1983-90] Orthopaedic Review [23 total, 1974-78] and the New England Journal of Medicine [approximately 45 through June 2005, many of which are updated and collected in Some Choice, and American Bioethics] Nursing Law & Ethics [16 total, 1980-81] Medicolegal News [9 total, 1973-80] or original book chapters [about 30 total].

Book reviews, editorials, and short articles from the following publications are also not included: Lancet, Nature, The New Physician, Medicolegal News, B.U. Law Rev., Law, Medicine and Health Care, Linacre Quarterly, Trustee, Bioethics Encyclopedia, Bioethics, Bioethics Quarterly, AMA News, International Digest of Health Legislation, JAMA, New England Journal of Medicine, Am. J. Public Health, Hospital Practice, Civil Liberties Review, Encyclopaedia Britannica, and Encyclopaedia Britannica's Medical and Health Annual. 13

Appellate Briefs (co-author)

In the Matter of Spring, 405 N.E.2d 115 (Mass. 1980) (on the role of substituted judgment in treatment refusals) (on behalf of the American Society of Law & Medicine as amicus curiae)

In the Matter of Philip Eichner, In the Matter of John Storar, 52 N.Y.2d 363 (1981) (on the right to refuse life-sustaining treatment through an advance directive) (on behalf of Concern for Dying as amicus curiae)

Bartling v. Superior Court, 209 Cal. Rptr. 220 (Cal. App. 2 Dist. 1984) (the right to refuse treatment) (on behalf of William Bartling as co-counsel)

In the Matter of Claire Conroy, 486 A.2d 1209 (N.J. 1985) (on the right to refuse life-sustaining treatment) (on behalf of Concern for Dying as amicus curiae)

Brophy v. New England Sinai Hospital, 497 N.E.2d 626 (Mass. 1986) (the right to refuse treatment by advance directive and substituted judgment) (on behalf of Concern for Dying as amicus curiae)

Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, 492 U.S. 490 (1989) (on the right to abortion) (on behalf of Bioethicists for Privacy as amicus curiae)

Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health, 497 U.S. 261 (1990) (the constitutional "right to die") (on behalf of Concern for Dying as amicus curiae)

Johnson v. Florida, 602 So.2d 1288 (Fla. 1992) (on criminalizing cocaine delivery to a neonate via the umbilical cord) (on behalf of the American Society of Law & Medicine as amicus curiae)

Vacco v. Quill, 521 U.S. 793 (1997) and Washington v. Glucksberg, 521 U.S. 702 (1997) (on constitutional right to physician assisted suicide) (on behalf of Bioethics Professors as amicus curiae)

Thorburn v. California Dept. Corrections, 66 Cal. App. 4th 1284 (1998) (on removing physicians from executions) (on behalf of Medical Ethics Scholars as amicus curiae) 14

Congressional Testimony

Procurement and Allocation of Human Organs for Transplantation, Before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, 98th Cong., 1st Sess., Nov. 9, 1983 (pp. 302-334)

The New Reproductive Technologies, Before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, 98th Cong., 2d Sess., August 8, 1984

Status of the Artificial Heart Program, Before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, 99th Cong., 2d Sess., Feb. 5, 1986 (pp. 157-209; 257; 262-65)

Alternative Reproductive Technologies: Implications for Children and Families, Before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families, U.S. House of Representatives, 100th Cong., 1st Sess., May 21, 1987 (pp. 97-137)

Human Subjects Research: Radiation Experimentation, Before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate, 103d Cong., 2d Sess., Jan. 13, 1994.

Regulation of Human Cloning, Before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate, 105th Cong., 1st. Sess., March 12, 1997.

Public Commentary

Author of op-ed pieces for the Washington Post, Boston Globe, New York Times and Newsday. Commentator on legal and bioethical issues on various national news programs including 60 Minutes, Nightline, Frontline, Nova, Crossfire, Today, NBC, ABC and CBS Nightly News. 15

Legal Issues in Medicine feature

[renamed "Health Law, Ethics, and Human Rights" on Sept. 28, 2006]

New England Journal of Medicine (1991-present) all articles available at]

Annas GJ. Restricting Doctor-Patient Conversations in Federally Funded Clinics, N Engl J Med 1991 Aug 1; 325:362-5.

Annas GJ. Fetal Protection and Employment Discrimination -- The Johnson Controls Case, N Engl J Med 1991 Sep 5; 325:740-3.

Annas GJ. Using Genes to Define Motherhood -- The California Solution, N Engl J Med 1992 Feb 6; 326:417-20.

Annas GJ. Changing the Consent Rules for Desert Storm, N Engl J Med 1992 Mar 12; 326:770-3.

Annas GJ. Setting Standards for the Use of DNA-typing Results in the Courtroom -- The State of the Art, N Engl J Med 1992 Jun 11; 326:1641-4.

Annas GJ. The Supreme Court, Liberty, and Abortion, N Engl J Med 1992 Aug 27; 327:651-4.

Annas GJ. Health Warnings, Smoking and Cancer: The Cipollone Case, N Engl J Med 1992 Nov 26; 327:1604-7.

Annas GJ. Adding Injustice to Injury: Compulsory Payment for Unwanted Treatment, N Engl J Med 1992 Dec 24; 327:1885-7.

Annas GJ. Control of Tuberculosis -- The Law and the Public's Health, N Engl J Med 1993 Feb 25; 328:585-88.

Annas GJ. Physician-Assisted Suicide -- Michigan's Temporary Solution, N Engl J Med 1993 May 27; 328:1573-76.

Annas GJ. Detention of HIV-Positive Haitians at Guantanamo, N Engl J Med 1993 Aug 19; 329:589-92.

Annas GJ. Informed Consent, Cancer, and Truth in Prognosis, N Engl J Med 1994 Jan 20; 330:223-5.

Annas GJ. Scientific Evidence in the Courtroom: The Death of the Frye Rule, N Engl J Med 1994 April 7; 330:1018-21. 16

Annas GJ. Asking the Courts to Set the Standard of Emergency Care - The Case of Baby K, N Engl J Med 1994 May 26; 330:1542-45.

Annas GJ. When Should Preventive Treatment be paid for by Health Insurance? N Engl J Med 1994 October 13; 331:1027-30.

Annas GJ. Death by Prescription: The Oregon Initiative, N Engl J Med 1994 November 3; 331:1240-43.

Annas GJ. Medicine, Death, and the Criminal Law, N Engl J Med 1995 August 24; 333:527-530.

Annas GJ. The Health of the President and Presidential Candidates: The Public’s Right to Know, N Engl J Med 1995 October 5; 333:945-949.

Annas GJ. Women and Children First, N Engl J Med 1995 December 14; 333: 1647-51.

Annas GJ. The Promised End: Constitutional Aspects of Physician-Assisted Suicide, N Engl J Med 1996 August 29; 335:683-88.

Annas GJ. Cowboys, Camels, and the First Amendment: The FDA’s Restrictions on Tobacco Advertising, N Engl J Med 1996 December 5; 335:1779-83.

Annas GJ. Tobacco Litigation as Cancer Prevention: Dealing with the Devil, N Engl J Med 1997 January 23; 336:304-08.

Annas GJ. Patients’ Rights in Managed Care - Exit, Voice, and Choice, N Engl J Med 1997 July 17; 337:210-215.

Annas GJ. Reefer Madness: The Federal Response to California’s Medical-Marijuana Law, N Engl J Med 1997, August 7; 337: 435-439.

Annas GJ. The Bell Tolls for a Constitutional Right to Physician-Assisted Suicide, N Engl J Med 1997 October 9; 337:1098-1103.

Annas GJ. A National Bill of Patients’ Rights, N Engl J Med 1998 March 5; 338: 695- 699.

Annas GJ. Partial-Birth Abortion, Congress, and the Constitution, N Engl J Med 1998 July 23; 339: 279-283.

Annas GJ. The Shadowlands: Secrets, Lies and Assisted Reproduction, N Engl J Med 1998; 339: 935-939.

Annas GJ. Protecting Patients from Discrimination: The Americans with Disabilities Act and HIV Infection, N Engl J Med 1998; 339: 1255-1259.

Annas GJ. Waste and Longing: The Legal Status of Placental Blood Banking, N Engl J Med 1999 May 13; 340: 1521-24.

Annas GJ. The Last Resort: The Use of Physical Restraints in Medical Emergencies N Engl J Med 1999 Oct 28; 341: 1408-12.

Annas GJ. Ulysses and the Fate of Frozen Embryos, N Engl J Med 2000; 343: 373-378.

Annas GJ. “Partial-Birth Abortion” and the Supreme Court, N Engl J Med 2001; 344: 152-157.

Annas GJ. Conjoined Twins: The Limits of Law at the Limits of Life, N Engl J Med 2001; 344: 1104-1108.

Annas GJ. Testing Poor Pregnant Women for Cocaine: Physicians as Police Investigators, N Engl J Med 2001; 344: 1729-1732.

Annas GJ. The Limits of State Laws to Protect Genetic Information, N Engl J Med 2001; 345: 385-388.

Annas GJ. Medical Privacy and Medical Research: Judging the New Federal HIPAA Regulations, N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 216-220.

Annas GJ. Bioterrorism, Public Health, and Civil Liberties, N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 1337-1342.

Annas GJ. Moral Progress, Mental Retardation, and the Death Penalty, N Engl J Med 2002; 347: 1814-1818.

Annas GJ. The Right to Health and the Nevirapine Case in South Africa, N Engl J Med 2003; 348: 750-754.

Annas GJ. HIPAA Regulations: A New Era of Medical-Record Privacy?, N Engl J Med 2003; 348: 1486-90.

Annas GJ. Forcible Medication for Courtroom Competence: The Case of Charles Sell, N Engl J Med 2004; 350: 2297-2301.

Annas GJ. Extremely Preterm Birth and Parental Autonomy to Refuse Treatment: The Case of Sidney Miller, N Engl J Med 351: 2118-2123.

Annas GJ. Family Privacy and Death: Antigone, War, and Medical Research, N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 501-505.

Annas GJ. “Culture of Life” Politics at the Bedside: The Case of Terri Schiavo, N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 1710-1715.

Annas GJ. Unspeakably Cruel: Torture, Medical Ethics, and the Law, N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 2127-2132.

Annas GJ. Jumping Frogs, Endangered Toads, and California’s Medical Marijuana Law, N Engl J Med 2005; 353: 2291-2296.

Annas GJ. Congress, Controlled Substances, and Physician-Assisted Suicide: Elephants in Mouseholes, N Engl J Med 2006; 354: 1079-1084.

Annas GJ. Intelligent Judging: Evolution in the Classroom and in the Courtroom, N Engl J Med 2006; 354: 2277-2281.

Annas GJ. Bioterror and ‘Bioart’: A Plague o’ Both Your Houses, N Engl J Med 2006; 354: 2715-2720.

Annas GJ. Hunger Strikes at Guantanamo: Medical Ethics and Human Rights in a ‘Legal Black Hole,’ N Engl J Med 2006; 355: 1377-1382.

Annas GJ. The Supreme Court and Abortion Rights, N Engl J Med 2007; 356:2201-2206.

Annas GJ. Cancer and the Constitution: Choice at Life’s End, N Engl J Med 2007; 357: 408-412.

Glantz L, Roche P, Annas GJ. Rules for Donations to Tissue Banks: What Next?, N Engl J Med 2008; 358: 298-303.