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From the Database: Oil in the Caucasus
The existence of large Caucasian and Central Asian
oil fields has helped to focus the attention of the West on the new states
in those regions. Given that increased interest, the former Soviet republics
are attempting to offset Russia's efforts to dominate the area, as the following
excerpt from the Institute's database indicates. Russian analysts have reacted
negatively to this development:
With the recent visit by Azerbaijani President Aliyev to Russia and his
current visit to America, observers again have focused on Azerbaijani foreign
policy in the Caucasus. Vyacheslav Ushakov, scholar and Radio Voice of Russia
expert, has been [examining Baku's approach critically]:
As far as the West is concerned, the United States ranks first, and is followed
by Britain, France, and Germany. Relations with Russia are even further
down the list. Baku now wants to join various European organizations, and
it is also establishing relations with NATO.()
(Question) Can you say from now what topics will be discussed in the American-Azerbaijani
(Answer) () [T]here is no doubt that the two sides will discuss the Karabakh
problem. Despite the cease-fire in Karabakh and the success scored on some
issues in the resolution of the conflict, this problem remains unsolved.
() According to information that I have, bringing NATO peacekeeping forces
to the region and replacing the Russian peacekeeping forces with them will
also be discussed.
Among the economic issues, oil will definitely top the agenda. America is
extremely interested in Caspian Sea oil ().
I am worried that recently in America there has been talk about the need
to restrict Russia's influence on the [developments] in the Caucasus. Azerbaijan,
like the United States of America, which has made great investments in Caspian
Sea oil, is interested in safeguarding stability in the region.
After all, oil can be extracted and exported only when there is order in
the region. But can stability be achieved by ignoring the interests of Russia
and of the other Caspian Sea littoral countries? ()1
Radio Moscow Voice of Russia World Service in Persian 1500 GMT 26 Jul 97
Government Radio; excerpted from FBIS-SOV-97-211.
Copyright ISCIP 1997
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