September 2002

Glenn Cartman Loury

Institute on Race and Social Division
Boston University
704 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
ph: 617-353-5852
fax: 353-4072


B.A., Mathematics, Northwestern University, 1972

Ph.D., Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1976

Thesis: "Essays in the Theory of the Distribution of Income"


Boston University, Professor of Economics 1991-; University Professor 1994-; Director of the Institute on Race and Social Division, 1997-

Harvard University, Professor of Political Economy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1984-91, Professor of Economics and of Afro-American Studies, 1982-84

University of Michigan, Professor of Economics, l980-82, Associate Professor of Economics, l979-80

Northwestern University, Assistant Professor of Economics, l976-79


I.   Recent Essays: 

"Race and Inequality:An Exchange" First Things, May 2002, (pp.32-40) [replying to critics of The Anatomy of Racial Inequality ]

"Politics, Race and Povery Research," chp.13 in Understanding Poverty, Sheldon H. Danziger and Robert H. Haveman (eds.) , Russell Sage Foundation/ Harvard Univ. Press 

"Critical Issues: Affirmative Action", "The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World, second edition". Joel Krieger, editor, Oxford University Press, 2001, pp.4-8. 

Foreword to "What's God Got to Do with the American Experiment?" E.J. Dionne, Jr. and John DiIulio, Jr., editors, Brookings Institution Press, 2000, pp. xi-xiv. 

"Twenty-Five Years of Black America: Two Steps Forward and One Step Back" Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, Volume XXVII, Number 1, March 2000. 

"Who Cares About Racial Inequality?" Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, Volume XXVII, Number 1, March 2000. 

"Admit It," The New Republic, December 27, 1999, p.6 [In defense of affirmative action and ten percent plans in public universities].

"Wissenschaft im Dienste des Rassismus?" (Scientific Argument and Racial Hatred) Transit, 16 Winter 1998/99, 64-79.

Foreword to The Shape of the River by William Bowen and Derek Bok, paperback edition, Princeton University Press, 1999.

"The Divided Society," Institute for Human Studies Working Papers, Vienna. August, 1999.

"Color Blinded: Multiculturalism and Diversity in Contemporary America," American Experiment Quarterly, Volume 1 Number 1, Spring 1998, pp. 43-58

"An American Tragedy: The Legacy of Slavery Lingers in Our Cities’ Ghettos," The Brookings Review, Spring 1998, pp. 36-40

"The Conservative Line on Race," (review essay on America in Black and White: One Nation, Indivisible by Stephan Thernstrom and Abigail Thernstrom), The Atlantic Monthly, November 1997 pp. 144-154. (Excerpted as "Color-Blind? What's wrong with the conservative line on race," in Books and Culture, March/April 1998, pp. 22-24).

"How to Mend Affirmative Action," The Public Interest No. 127 (Spring 1997), pp. 33-43.

"Color-Blinded, (review essay on Mary Lefkowitz's Not Out of Africa) Arion, Vol. 4, no. 7, (Winter 1997) pp. 168-185.

II. Recent Reviews and Commentaries:

"Point-Counterpoint, " The New York Daily News , September 19, 2002 [ arguing that the pursuit of slavery reparartions by American black is a spectacularly poor political strategy]

 "When Color Should Count, " The New York Times, July 28, 2002, sectioin 4, p.13 [on the inadequacies of 'color blindness' as a moral principle]

Comment on chapter, "Financial Work Incentive for Low Wage Workers" by Charles Michalopoulos & Gordon Berlin. The New World of Welfare, Rebecca M. Blank & Ron Haskins, editors Brookings Institution Press, 2001, pp286-288. 

Supreme Court of the United States, No. 00-730 Adarand Constructors, Inc. vs. Norman Y. Mineta, Secretary of Transportation, et. al. Brief Amicus Curiae. June 1, 2001.  [ a 'Friend of the Court ' brief arguing that social science evidence should inform interpretation of 'strict scrutiny' doctrine. ]

"The Return of the Undeserving Poor", The Atlantic Monthly , February 2001, pp. 54-55. [reprinted in Best American Political Writing 2002, Royce Flippin (ed.) ,Avalon Publishing 2002]

"Its Futile to Put a Price on Slavery," The New York Times , May 29, 2000 [On proposed reparations to African-Americans].

"Giving Honor to Treason," The New York Times, January 17, 2000, A17 [Confederate Flag should not be atop South Carolina Statehouse].

"’God-Talk’" and Public Policy, Brookings Review, Spring 1999, pp. 2,3.

"Not an Idle Question," The New York Times, August 24, 1999, A19. [On alleged past drug use by presidential candidate George W. Bush]

"Tenuous Trickle-Down," The New York Times, May 29, 1999, A27 [Impact of boom economy on black males]

"The Limits of Policy Reform," in Mending Fences: Renewing Justice Between Government and Civil Society, Center for Public Justice, 1998, pp. 45-54 [Comment on Kuyper Lecture by Senator Dan Coats]

"Controversy: The Black-White Test Score Gap," The American Prospect, Nov.-Dec. 1998 (No. 41), pp. 68-70 [Comment on article by Christopher Jencks and Meredith Phillips]

"Color-Blinded," The New Republic, August 17&24, 1998, p.12 ("Hard Questions" column on affirmative action)

"Uneconomical," The New Republic, June 29, 1998, pp.14-15 ("Hard Questions" column on the limits of economic analysis in public policy making)

"Why More Blacks Don’t Invest," The New York Times Magazine , June 7, 1998, pp. 70-71

"Charles II," The New Republic, May 18, 1998, pp.10-11 ("Hard Questions" column on IQ, inequality and the scholarship of Charles Murray)

"Is the Drug War Racist?" Rolling Stone, May 14, 1998, pp. 35-37 (G. Loury interviewed by Samuel Freedman about drug policy)

Comment on Tanner Lectures by Prof. Robert M. Solow, in Work and Welfare, Amy Gutmann (ed.), Princeton University Press, 1998, pp. 45-54

"Affirmative Action: A Dialogue on Race, Gender, Equality and Law in America," Focus on Law Studies, Spring 1998 (Vol. XIII, No. 2), pp. 1-15 (contribution to dialogue)

"Unequalized," The New Republic, April 6, 1998, pp.10-11 ("Hard Questions" column on the 1998 Economic Report of the President).

"Is Affirmative Action on the Way Out? Should It Be?" Commentary, March 1998, pp. 38-40 (contribution to a symposium on the future of affirmative action)

"Legal Limits," The New Republic, February 23, 1998, pp.16-17 ("Hard Questions" column on legislating morality).

"The Most Affirmative Action: Good Works, Public and Private," Philadelphia Inquirer, January 21, 1998 (Commentary Section).

"Welfare Pair," The New Republic, January 5 & 12, 1998, pp.9-10 ("Hard Questions" column on welfare reform).

"Why Talk About Race? Welfare and Crime Demand More Than Feel-Good Chat," The Washington Post, Sunday Outlook Section, December 7, 1997, pages C1 and C4.

"Cast Out by the Right," The New York Times, Sunday, November 30, 1997 (Op-Ed on treatment of race by conservatives).

"Exclusionary Rule," The New Republic, November 24, 1997, p.13 ("Hard Questions" column on intolerance among conservatives).

"Comparative Disadvantage," The New Republic, October 13, 1997, p.29 ("Hard Questions" column on economic theory and social inequality).

"How to Save Affirmative Action," The New York Times, Sunday, September 7, 1997 (Op-ed on Piscataway, New Jersey reverse discrimination case).

"Double-Talk," The New Republic, August 25, 1997, p.23 ("Hard Questions" column on President Clinton's Race Initiative).

"Integrating Public Schools," The Dallas Morning News, July 6, 1997 (Sunday Morning Reader).

"Getting a Fix," The New Republic, June 30, 1997, p. 25 ("Hard Questions" column on drug policy).

"Thirty years have changed America's dialogue on race," The San Diego Union-Tribune, June 22, 1997 (Insight Opinion Section).

"Pride and Prejudice," The New Republic, May 19, 1997, p.25 ("Hard Questions" column on Afrocentrism).

"Integration Has Had Its Day, "The New York Times, April 23, 1997 (Op-ed on school desegregation); reprinted as "Integration is Yesterday's Struggle," in The New Crisis (NAACP magazine), Dec./Jan. 1998, pp. 22,24.

III.Academic Research:

Passing Strict Scrutiny: Using Social Science to Design Affirmative Action Programs by Clark D. Cunningham, Glenn C. Loury, and John David Skrentny, Georgetown Law Journal 90:4, (April, 2002), pp 835-882

The Anatomy of Racial Inequality (The W.E.B. DuBois Lectures at Harvard University), forthcoming from Harvard University Press, February 2002

"Social Exclusion and Ethnic Groups: The Challenge to Economics," The World Bank Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics, 1999, Boris Pleskovic and Joseph E. Stiglitz (eds.), The World Bank, Washington, D.C.,2000, pp.225-54

"The Limitations of Pigouvian Taxes as a Long-Run Remedy for Externalities," with Dennis W. Carlton, in Welfare Economics, William J. Baumol, (eds.)2000.

"Conceptual Problems in the Enforcement of Anti-Discrimination Laws," Meritocracy and Economic Inequality, Kenneth Arrow, Samuel Bowles, and Steven Durlauf, (eds.), Princeton University Press, 2000, pp.296-316

"Integrating the Historically Disadvantaged into the World of Work," in The Right to Work: Towards Full Employment, M. Archer and E. Malinvaud (eds.), Pontificiae Academiae Scientiarum Socialium Acta (Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences), Vatican City, 1998, pp. 189-261).

"Discrimination in the Post-Civil Rights Era: Beyond Market Interactions," Journal of Economic Perspectives, Spring 1998, 12 (2), 117-126.

"Human Intelligence and Social Inequality," in Is There a Human Nature?, Lee Rouner (ed.), University of Notre Dame Press (1998), 113-129.

"The Divided Society and the Democratic Idea," University Lecture, Boston University, 1996.

"Collusion through Alternation: Dynamic Duopoly with Indivisible Production," accepted for publication subject to revision at Games and Economic Behavior.

One by One, From the Inside Out: Essays and Reviews on Race and Responsibility in America, The Free Press 1995 (collected essays and reviews, 1985-1994)

"Self-Censorship in Public Discourse: A Theory of 'Political Correctness' and Related Phenomena," Rationality and Society, Oct. 1994, pp. 428-461.

"Rotating Savings and Credit Associations, Credit Markets and Economic Efficiency," The Review of Economic Studies, October 1994 , pp. 701-19 (with Steven Coate and Timothy Besley).

"Will Affirmative Action Policies Eliminate Negative Stereotypes," American Economic Review, December 1993, pp. 1220-40 (with Steven Coate).

"The Economics of Rotating Savings and Credit Associations," American Economic Review, September 1993, pp.792-810 (with Steven Coate and Timothy Besley).

"Anti-Discrimination Enforcement and the Problem of Patronization," American Economic Review, May 1993 (with Steven Coate), pp. 92-98.

"The Incentive Effects of Affirmative Action," Annals of the Amer. Assoc. of Political and Social Science, No. 523, (September, 1992), pp. 19-29.

"Affirmative Action: Is It Just? Does It Work?" in The Constitutional Bases of Political and Social Change in the United States, Shlomo Slonim (ed), Praeger (l990), pp. 109-139.

"Why Should We Care About Group Inequality?", Social Philosophy and Policy, Vol. 5, No. l; Autumn 1987, pp. 249-271. [Reprinted in The Question of Discrimination, Steven Shulman and William Darity (eds.), Wesleyan University Press (l989), Chap. 9, pp. 268-290. Also reprinted in Philosophical Problems of Equality, The Open University Press (1993)].

From Children to Citizens: Vol. 3, Families, Schools and Delinquency Prevention (edited vol.), Springer-Verlag, l987 (with James Q. Wilson).

"The Family as Context for Delinquency Prevention: Demographic Trends and Political Realities," in G.C. Loury and J.Q. Wilson (eds.), From Children to Citizens: Families, Schools, and Delinquency Prevention , Springer-Verlag, l987, pp. 3-26.

"Public and Private Responsibilities in the Struggle Against Poverty," in W. Knowlton and R. Zeckhauser (eds.), American Society, Public and Private Responsibilities, Ballinger, l986, pp. l8l-202.

"On the Profitability of Interruptible Supply" (with Tracy Lewis), American Economic Review, vol. 76, No.4, September l986, 827-832.

"The Limitation of Pigouvian Taxes as a Long Run Remedy for Externalities: An Extension of Results" (with Dennis Carlton), Quarterly Journal of Economics, No. 406, August l986, pp. 631-634.

"The Effect of Attitudes and Aspirations on the Labor Supply of Young Men" (with Linda Datcher-Loury), in R. Freeman and Harry Holzer (eds.), The Black Youth Unemployment Crisis, University of Chicago Press, l986, pp. 377-401.

"A Theory of 'Oil'igopoly: Cournot Equilibrium in Exhaustible Resource Markets," International Economic Review, June l986, pp. 285-301.

"The Black Family: A Critical Challenge," The Journal of Family and Culture, Vol. 2, No. l, January l986, pp. 1-15.

"Embargo Threats and the Management of Emergency Reserves" (with C. Bergstrom and M. Perrson), Journal of Political Economy, Feb l985, pp. 26-42.

"Efficiency and Equity Impacts of Natural Gas Deregulation," Chapter 13 of Public Expenditure and Policy Analysis, R. Haveman, J. Margolis (eds.), Third Edition, Houghton Mifflin Co., l983, pp. 301-323.

"The Welfare Effects of Intermittent Interruptions of Trade," American Economic Review, May l983. pp. 272-277.

"Urban Unemployment and National Policy" (with G. Jaynes), in Families and Change: Social Needs and Public Policy, R. Genovese (ed.), J.S. Bergin Co., l983.

"Economics, Politics and Blacks," Review of Black Political Economy, Vol. 12, No. 3, Spring l983, pp. 43-54.

"Urban Unemployment" (with G. Jaynes), Chapter 4 in Urban Policy Issues, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, l982.

An Analysis of the Efficiency and Inflationary Consequences of the Decontrol of Natural Gas Prices. Natural Gas Supply Association, Washington, DC, l98l.

"The Impact of Minimum Wage Laws on the Distribution of Income Between Blacks and Whites" (with Linda Datcher-Loury), in Report of the Minimum Wage Study Commission. U.S. GPO, Vol. VII, l98l.

"Intergenerational Transfers and the Distribution of Earnings," Econometrica, Vol. 49, No.4, July l981.

"Is Equal Opportunity Enough?" American Economic Review, May l98l, pp. 122-126.

"The Limitation of Pigouvian Taxation as a Long Run Remedy for Externalities," (with Dennis Carlton) Quarterly Journal of Economics, November l980, pp. 559-566.

"In Defense of Public Policy Aimed at Reducing Racial Economic Disparity," (with Jerome Culp) Rev. Black Political Economy, Summer 1980.

"Impact of Affirmative Action on Equal Opportunity: A New Look" (with J. Culp), in Proceedings of Conference on Impact of the Bakke Decision on Higher Education, The Rockefeller Foundation, l980.

"Market Structure and Innovation," Quarterly Journal of Economics, August l979, pp. 395-410.

"The Optimal Exploitation of an Unknown Reserve," Review of Economic Studies, October l979, pp. 621-636.

"The Minimum-Border-Length Hypothesis Does Not Explain the Shape of Black Ghettos," Journal of Urban Economics, October l978.

"A Dynamic Theory of Racial Income Differences," Chap. 8, P. Wallace (ed), Women, Minorities and Employment Discrimination, Lexington Books, l977, pp. 153-186.

IV. Older Essays, Reviews and Commentaries:

"Tourist at the Revolution," The American Enterprise, May/June 1997, pp. 34-35 (one man's reflection on the 1960s).

"Skip Gates Reports on Race to America's Cultural Elite," Boston Magazine, March 1997, pp.137-38.

"Not by Bread Alone: The Role of Inner-City Churches in Community Development," (with Linda Datcher Loury) The Brookings Review, Winter 1997, pp. 10-13.

"Blind Ignorance," (review essay on Dinesh D'Souza's The End of Racism) for Emerge, December/January 1997, pp. 62-65.

"The Divided Society and the Democratic Idea," Bostonia, Winter '96-'97, pp. 16-20.

"Absolute California," The New Republic, November 18, 1996, pp. 17-20 (a critical assessment of the California Civil Rights Initiative).

"Going Home," CommonQuest, (magazine of Black-Jewish Relations) Fall 1996, pp. 11-14.

"A Professor under Reconstruction," in Finding God at Harvard: Spiritual Journeys of Thinking Christians, Zondervan-Harper Collins, 1996, pp. 67-76.

"Shall We Overcome?" The New Democrat, July/August 1996, pp. (cover story on future of integration).

"Economics Raises Profoundly Moral Questions," interview in Religion & Liberty, (The Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty), Nov./Dec. 1996, pp. 1-5.

"The Racism We Condemn," The New York Times, Sunday Week in Review Section, November 24, 1996, p.15 (Op-Ed on the Texaco, Inc. employment discrimination case).

"Are Jobs the Solution?" (review of When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor by William Julius Wilson) in the Wilson Quarterly, Fall 1996, pp. 89-92.

Response to "On Political Correctness," comment on my work by Phil Ryan, Rationality and Society, Vol. 8, No. 3, August 1996, pp. 358-360.

"A Look at Integration: The Crisis of Color Consciousness", Washington Post, Sunday Outlook Section, July 21, 1996, p. C3.

"Across the Great Divide," (review of Tragic Failure by Tom Wicker and of Coming through the Fire by C. Eric Lincoln), The New York Times Sunday Book Review, June 23, 1996, p. 11.

"A New Black Vanguard," (with Shelby Steele) The Wall Street Journal, February 29, 1996, p. A18.

"Glenn Loury Replies to Karl Zinsmeister," special correspondence, The American Enterprise, March/April 1996, pp. 92-94 (debate on race and conservatism).

"Conquering the Enemy Within," Christianity Today January 8, 1996, pp. 17-20 (interview).

"Performing without a Net," in George Curry (ed.), The Affirmative Action Debate, Addison-Wesley (1996), pp. 49-64.

"Let Us Work Together to Rebuild Inner-Cities," Jobs and Capital, Vol.5, Winter 1996, pp. 14-19.

"The Impossible Dilemma," The New Republic, Jan. 1, 1996, pp. 21-26. (essay on race and crime; reprinted in The New Republic Guide to the Issues: The '96 Campaign, Basic Books, 1996).

"A Dissent from the Incentive Approach to Reducing Poverty," chp. 6 in Michael R. Darby (ed), Reducing Poverty in America: Views and Approaches, Sage Publications (1996), 111-120.

"What's Wrong with the Right" in The American Enterprise, Jan/Feb 1996, pp. 31-39 [excerpted as "What's Wrong on the Right: Second Thoughts of a Black Conservative," in Washington Post, Sunday Outlook Section , December 17, 1995, pp. C1/C4].

"One Scholar Meets ... Another Man's Poison", Bostonia, Winter '95-'96, pp. 73-75 (review essay on Dinesh D'Souza's The End of Racism).

"One Man's March," The New Republic, Nov. 6, 1995, pp. 18-22 (re. Million Man March); reprinted in The New Republic Guide to the Issues: The '96 Campaign, Basic Books, 1996.

"Values and Judgements: Creating Social Incentives for Good Behavior," in A Stitch in Time: Repairing the Social Fabric, published by the Institute of Public Affairs (Current Issues Paper), Melbourne, Australia, November 1995.

" A Professor's New Life, " The American Enterprise, Nov/Dec. 1995, pp.29-30

" Racial Fixations on the Right, " The Washington Times, Nov.3, 1995, p. A19

"Not-So Black and White: The Two Americas Are Actually Converging", Washington Post, Sundy Outlook Section, October 15, 1995, p.C3

"Three Star Generalist," (review of Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity by Francis Fukuyama) The National Review October 9, 1995 pp.56-58.

"It's Sin, Not Skin," World Magazine, October 7, 1995, p. 22 (on race and social pathologies).

Response to "In What Way Could Political Correctness be Beneficial," comment on my work by Michael Reay, Rationality and Society , vol. 7, No. 4 (October 1995), pp.497-98.

"The End of Relativism," (review of The End of Racism: Principles for a Multiracial Society by Dinesh D'Souza) in The Weekly Standard, September 25, 1995, pp. 46-49. [Reprinted in Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Race and Ethnicity R.C. Monk (ed) Dushkin Publishing Group, 2nd ed., 1996].

"A Well Funded Entry in the Black Inferiority Sweepstakes," Los Angeles Times, Sep. 24, 1995, p. M5 (commentary on Dinesh D'Souza's The End of Racism).

"Victims and Predators", (review of Malign Neglect: Race, Crime and Punishment in America by Michael Tonry) in Times Literary Supplement, September 22, 1995 pp.8-9.

"Individualism before Multiculturalism," The Public Interest , Fall 1995, pp. 92-106. [reprinted in Reinventing the American People: Unity and Diversity Today, Robert Royal (ed), Ethics and Public Policy Center/Eerdmans, 1995; modified version published under same title in Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 19, No. 3 (1996)].

"Information Responsibility and Human Services: Comment," in Individual and Social Responsibility: Child Care, Education, Medical Care and Long Term Care in America, Victor Fuchs (ed), Univ. Chicago Press, 1995, 240-44 (discussing a paper by Prof. Kenneth Arrow).

"Getting Involved: An Appeal for Greater Community Participation in the Public Schools," Washington Post, Education Review Section , August 6, 1995, pp. 1, 22-23.

"Let's Get On With Dr. King's Idea," New York Times, July 26, 1995 (on affirmative action).

"Perform Without a Net," Boston Sunday Globe, June 25, 1995, p. 79 (on affirmative action).

"Renewing the Foundations," (review of Masters of the Dream by Alan Keyes) The World & I, Vol. 10, No. 6, June 1995, pp.334-37.

"The Social Capital Deficit," The New Democrat, Vol. 7, No. 3, May/June 1995 (contribution to symposium on affirmative action in Democratic Leadership Council's journal).

"Terms of Engagement," National Review, May 1, 1995, p. 80 (comment on Alien Nation by Peter Brimelow).

"You Can't Boost Virtue by Slashing Public Aid," Viewpoints, New York Newsday, March 1, 1995, p. A35.

"Ghetto Poverty and the Power of Faith," in M. Pearlstein (ed) Certain Truths, Center of the American Experiment (1995), 167-176.

Race and Culture (an address to the Australian National Press Club), published by the Institute of Public Affairs (Current Issues Paper), Melbourne, Australia, August 1995.

"Come, Let us Reason and Work Together," Historic Preservation Forum, Vol. 9/ No. 2 (Winter 1995) pp. 25-32 (Plenary Speech to 48th Annual National Preservation Conference).

"Dispirited," (comment on The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray) The National Review, December 5, 1994 [reprinted in The Bell Curve Debate, R. Jacoby and N. Glauberman (eds.), Times Books (Random House), 1995, pp. 346-50].

"A Political Act," The New Republic, October 31, 1994, pp. 12-13 (a response to Charles Murray and Richard Herrnstein's essay on "Race and IQ").

"Listen to the Black Community," The Public Interest, Fall 1994, pp. 31-37 (a response to John DiIulio's essay on "Black Crime").

"Beyond Victimhood: The disappearance of virtue from American public discourse," Times Literary Supplement, June 10, 1994, pp. 15-16 [reprinted as "The Role of Normative Values in Rescuing the Urban Ghetto," Chap. 16 in Building a Community of Citizens: Civil Society in the 21st Century, Don Eberly (ed.), University Press of America, 1994].

"The Poverty of Reason," Boston Review, XIX(1) Feb/Mar 1994 [reprinted in Critical Issues Facing the Church and Society The A.M.E. Church Review, Oct-Dec 1994, pp. 12-17].

"The Alliance is Over: Black-Jewish Relations in the Nineties," Moment Magazine, June 1994, pp. 32-35, 68-71 [Winner of The American Jewish Press Association's 1994 Simon Rockower Award for Excellence in Jewish Journalism].

"Racial Inequality in the American Economy Today," Chap. 1.2 in Race and Gender in the American Economy, Susan Feiner (Ed.), Prentice-Hall (1994), pp. 9-12.

"Spiritual Politics," The Public Interest, Winter 1994, pp. 111-118 (review essay on The Culture of Disbelief by Stephen Carter).

"Self-Censorship," Partisan Review, Fall 1993, pp. 608-620. [Reprinted in The Politics of Political Correctness, William Phillips (ed), Partisan Review, Inc., Boston, 1994].

"Preaching to the Converted," The Wilson Quarterly," Summer 1993, pp. 80-83. (Review essay on Race Matters by Cornel West).

"Miracles are Still Happening," Commentary, May 1993, pp. 55-56 (review of Upon This Rock: The Miracles of a Black Church , by Samuel Freedman).

"The Moral Dimension," (comment on the LA Riots) Collier's Encyclopedia 1993 International Year Book, P.F. Collier, Inc., pp. 83-86.

"God and the Ghetto," Wall Street Journal, February 25, 1993; reprinted in Economics, Ethics and Public Policy, Charles K. Wilber (ed.), Rowman & Littlefield (1998), pp 107-110.

"The New Liberal Racism," First Things, January 1993, pp. 39-42 (review essay on Two Nations by Andrew Hacker).

"Free at Last? A Personal Perspective on Race and Identity in America" Commentary, October 1992. [Reprinted in Lure and Loathing: Essays on Race, Identity and the Ambivalence of Assimilation, Gerald Early (ed), Viking Press (1993)].

"Two Paths to Black Power," First Things October 1992 (No.26).

"Permanently Alienated," The Washington Times, October 25, 1992, p. B7 (review of Faces at the Bottom of the Well: The Permanence of Racism, by Derrick Bell).

"Why Steele Demands More of Blacks than Whites," Academic Questions, Fall 1992 (Vol. 5, No. 4), pp. 19-23 (review essay on The Content of Our Character by Shelby Steele).

"The Economics of Discrimination: Getting to the Core of the Problem," Harvard Journal of African American Public Policy (Vol. I, Fall 1992).

Comment on Dean Foster and Rakesh Vohra, "An Economic Argument for Affirmative Action," in Rationality and Society, July 1992, pp. 364-67.

Comment on Boozer, Kreuger and Wolkon, "Race and School Quality Since Brown," Brookings Papers on Microeconomic Activity , 1992, pp. 331-34.

"Dilemmas of a Black Intellectual," Reconstruction, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1992, pp.117-19 (review of Reflections of an Affirmative Action Baby by Stephen Carter).

"The Struggle to Return to Self-Help," Issues & Views , Winter 1992 [Reprinted in Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Race and Ethnicity R.C. Monk (ed) Dushkin Publishing Group, 1993].

"Doing Well by Doing Good," The Washington Times, January 5, 1992 (review of The Death of an American Jewish Community by Hillel Levine and Lawrence Harmon).

"Le racisme, si on en parlait franchement?" (translated into French) in America, Autrement, Series Monde-H.S. No 58-59 (Paris) February 1992, Francois Burgess (ed).

"The Saliency of Race," Chap. 10 in Second Thoughts about Race in America, P. Collier and D. Horowitz, ds., Madison Books (1991).

"I Believe Judge Thomas," Op-Ed, Boston Globe, October 16, 1991.

"Thomas' Black Foes Fear His Leadership," Op-Ed, New York Newsday, Aug. 1, 1991.

Review of Streetwise: Race, Class and Change in an Urban Community by Elijah Anderson, in The Washington Times, February 25, 1991.

Review of The Closest of Strangers by James Sleeper, in The Washington Times, September 17, 1990.

"Black Dignity and the Common Good," First Things, June/July l990 [reprinted in R. Atwan and J. Roberts, Left, Right and Center , Bedford Books, St. Martin's Press, 1996, pp 128-42].

"Black Political Culture after the Sixties," in Second Thoughts: Former Radicals Look Back at the Sixties, P. Collier and D. Horowitz, eds., Madison Books (1989), pp. 141-148.

"Linking Public and Private Efforts in Overcoming Poverty," in James S. Denton, ed., Welfare Reform: Consensus or Conflict? Lanham, University Press of America, 1988.

"Matters of Color--Blacks and the Constitutional Order," The Public Interest, Winter l987, pp. l09-123. [Reprinted in Slavery and Its Consequences, R. Goldwin and A. Kaufman, eds., American Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C., 1988].

"Remarks on Affirmative Action," Proceedings of the Forty-Seventh Annual Judicial Conference of the District of Columbia Circuit, in West's Federal Rules Decisions (1987), Vol. ll4, No. 2, pp. 456-462 & 465.

"Who Speaks for American Blacks," Commentary, January l987, pp. 34-38. [reprinted as "A Call to Arms for Black Conservatives," in Critical Issues: A Conservative Agenda for Black Americans , Joseph Perkins (ed), Heritage Foundation, Washington, DC 1987].

"The Dimensions of Excellence in a Pluralistic Society," in Measures in the College Admissions Process: A College Board Colloquium, College Entrance Examination Board, New York, l986, pp. l-6. [Excerpted as "Why Preferential Admissions Is Not Enough for Blacks," in The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 25, 1987, p. 100].

"The Epic Career of W.E.B. DuBois," The Washington Times, February 2, 1987 (review of W.E.B. DuBois: Writings edited by Nathan Huggins).

"John Conyers and the New McCarthyism," Op-Ed Detroit News , October 19, l986.

"Freeing the Inner-City Poor," in Revitalizing our Cities: New Approaches To Solving Urban Problems. Marc Lipsitz (ed.), Fund for an American Renaissance and National Center for Neighborhood Enterprise, Washington, DC, l986.

"The Family, The Nation, and Senator Moynihan," Commentary , June l986. (Review essay on Family and Nation by Daniel P. Moynihan).

"A Prescription for Black Progress," in The Christian Century , April 30, l986.

Comments on "Conflict among Allies", in "Civil Rights Developments," special edition of the Rutgers Law Review, Vol. 37, No.4, l986.

"Goals are Quotas," Op-Ed, Washington Post, March 11, l986.

"Blacks Must Now Fight the Enemy Within," Op-Ed The Washington Post, August 13, 1985.

"New Dividends Through Social Capital," Economic Perspectives Column, Black Enterprise Magazine, July l985.

"Drowning New Black Voices in Partisanship," Op-Ed, Wall Street Journal, February 12, l985.

"Behind the Black-Jewish Split," Commentary, January l986.

"Beyond Civil Rights," The New Republic, October 7, l985. [Expanded version appeared in The State of Black America 1986 , National Urban League, reprinted in Racial Preference and Racial Justice, Russ Nieli (ed.), Ethics and Public Policy Center, 1991, pp. 435-451].

"A Crisis Grows in Brooklyn," The New Republic, Sep. 9, l985. (Review essay on Carnarsie: The Jews and Italians of Brooklyn by Jonathan Reider).

"The Color Line Today," The Public Interest, Summer l985. (Review essay on The Declining Significance of Race, 2nd ed., by William J. Wilson).

"The Moral Quandary of the Black Community," The Public Interest, Spring l985. [Reprinted in Gaining Ground: New Approaches to Poverty and Dependency, Michael Cromartie (ed), Ethics and Public Policy Center, Washington, DC 1985].

"A New American Dilemma," The New Republic, December 31, l984.

"Internally Directed for Action for Black Community Development," Review of Black Political Economy, Summer/Fall l984.

"Black Leadership: Two Lectures in the W. Arthur Lewis Lecture Series" (with Bernard Anderson), PURRC Reprint, Princeton Urban and Regional Research Center, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, l984.

"On the Need for Moral Leadership in the Black Community," New Perspectives (U.S. Civil Rights Commission), Vol. 16, No. 1, Summer l984. 

"Redirecting Priorities to Help the Black Underclass," Point of View (Congressional Black Caucus Research Foundation), Summer l984.

"Of Economic Winners and Losers," Economic Perspectives Column, Black Enterprise Magazine, May l984.

"To Prevent Racial Strife Reagan Must Appeal to Blacks," Point of View (Congressional Black Caucus Research Foundation), Winter l984.

"Responsibility and Race," Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. XLIX, No. 13, April 1983. [Reprinted in Lincoln Review, Vol. 4, No. 2, Fall l983].

"Black Survival in America," Critical Perspectives of Third World America, Vol. l, Fall l983.

"Black Survival in America," Economic Perspectives Column, Black Enterprise Magazine, May l983.


Boards and Journals:

Publication Committee Member, The Public Interest; Editorial Advisory Board, First Things

Visiting scholar and lecturer appointments:

Institute of Economics and Statistics, Oxford (1979); Department of Economics, Tel-Aviv Univ. (1980); Department of Economics, Stockholm Univ. (1982); Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ (1985-86); Delhi School of Economics, (1994); Institute for Public Affairs, Melbourne, Australia (1995); Bradley Lecturer, American Enterprise Institute (1992 and 1994). Participant in international conference on new South African constitution, Johannesburg, SA, August 1992; Institute for Human Sciences, Vienna (1999); Notre Dame University, Pew Younger Scholars Program (2000); DuBois Lecturer, Harvard University (2000)

Selected Testimonies:

Before Labor Committee, U.S. Senate, February 1990 (on the Civil Rights Act of 1990); before the Sub-committee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means, U.S. House of Representatives, January 20, 1995 (on welfare reform); before the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. House of Representatives, December 7, 1995 (on affirmative action); before the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences, Vatican, April 24, 1997 (on incorporating disadvantaged populations into the world of work); before the U.N. Institute for Social Research and Development, at the World Conference Against Racism,  Durban, South Africa, September 2001.

Selected nationally broadcast lectures and commentaries:

C-Span: Michigan State University Le Frak Forum, May 1999 ("The Moral Poverty of the Welfare Debate"); Brown University, March 1997 (on "The Divided Society and the Democratic Idea"); American Enterprise Institute, May 9, 1994 (lecture on "Self-Censorship in Public Discourse"). Cleveland City Club, Sep. 6, 1991 (radio address on Clarence Thomas's Supreme Court nomination); William F. Buckley's Firing Line (on "political correctness," Sep. 1991, on "racism and black failure," Nov. 1995)


Chosen as the DuBois Lecturer, Harvard University, April 2000: "The Economics and the Ethics of Racial Classification" 

Elected a Member, Council of Foreign Relations, 1999

Elected a Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences , 2000

Templeton Honor Roll for Education in a Free Society, 1997-98

Elected a Vice-President of the American Economics Association, 1997

Elected a Fellow of the Econometric Society, 1994

University Lecturer, Boston University, 1996: "The Divided Society and the Democratic Idea"

American Book Award, 1996; Christianity Today Book Award, 1996; both for One by One, From the Inside Out: Essays and Reviews on Race and Responsibility in America

John Simon Guggenheim Fellow, 1985-86

Leavey Award for Excellence in Free Enterprise Education, 1986

Esquire Register, "Men and Women Under 40 Who Are Changing the Nation," 1986 and 1987

National Journal, list of "150 Who Are Making a Difference" (in national politics) 1986

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