Professor and former Chair in the Department of Strategy and Policy at the United States Naval War College; Forrest Sherman Chair of Public Diplomacy
- PhD from Georgetown University
- MA from Columbia University
- Certificate of the Harriman Institute for Advanced Study of the Soviet Union at Columbia
- BA from Boston University
He has served as an aide in the United States Senate and is currently a senior associate of the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs in New York.
The Sacred Cause: Civil-Military Conflict Over Soviet National Security, 1917-1992
The Russian Presidency: Society and Politics in the Second Russian Republic.
Eve of Destruction: The Coming Age of Preventive War (His most recent book, about the revolutionary changes taking place in how nations go to war, will be published in late 2007 by the University of Pennsylvania Press)