Kathleen Dalton

Cecil F.P. Bancroft Instructor of History and Social Sciences, and Co-director of the Brace Center for Gender Studies, at Philips Academy

  • B.A. with honors in history Mills College
  • M.A., Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University with fields in U.S. cultural, social, and post- 1861 political historydalton-photo

Areas of Professional Interest

Gilded Age and Progressive Era; U.S. history since 1861; public history, biography, and gender studies

Professional Experience

  • Visiting Associate Professor, Department of History, Boston University, 2007-08
  • Cecil F.P. Bancroft Instructor of History and Social Sciences, Phillips Academy, and Co-director of the Brace Center for Gender Studies, at Philips Academy from 1980-prsent except Sabbatical 1985-86, Fall 2006, Leaves 1992-94, 1996-97, Spring 2005, 2006, 2007-08 (teaching “U.S. history;” “Chinese history;” “Biography;” “The Presidency;” “Gender Studies;” “World History 600-1200,” “World History and The Atlantic World 1400-1800”)
  • Consulting Historian, Revising Interpretive Themes, Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site, Buffalo, New York, 2007.
  • Consulting Historian, National Park Service-Organization of American Historians’ Public History Office, 2002- present.
  • Research Fellow, Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, 2002-03
  • Research Fellow, Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History, Harvard University, 1996-97; Associate Fellow 1997-2001, 2002-2003, 2004-2005
  • Instructor, A.L.M. Program, Harvard University Extension School, 1997-99 (teaching “Introduction to Graduate Study in Social Science: Theodore Roosevelt and His Era”)
  • Visiting Professor, 1989 and 1990, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Summer Session (teaching an interdisciplinary course “The American Psyche”)
  • Adjunct Professor, 1979-80, Dept. of History; Professorial Lecturer, 1979, American Studies Program, American University, Washington, D.C. (teaching “U.S. History”; “Men, Women, and American Culture”)
  • Consulting Historian/Researcher-Writer, 1973-1994, National Geographic Society, Random House Publishers, Benjamin Henry Latrobe Papers, Frederick Law Olmsted Papers, Learning Connections Publishers

Books and Edited Volumes

Theodore Roosevelt: A Strenuous Life—a biography of Theodore Roosevelt, Alfred A. Knopf, hardcover, 2002; in paperback with Vintage Books, February 2004, and with Recorded Books in December 2004.

The White Lilies and the Iron Boot—a story of Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt and their friendship with Caroline Drayton and William Phillips, a friendship entwined with domestic and foreign policy-making in World War I and II, in progress.

Edited, Advice from the Roosevelts: Theodore and Eleanor Roosevelt’s Advice to Modern America, a collection of newly-discovered articles some written anonymously by TR in which he gave Americans advice on how to lead their daily lives and rearrange their political culture, juxtaposed with the more familiar advice literature that his niece Eleanor wrote as First Lady and late in life, in progress.

Theodore Roosevelt and his Sagamore Hill home: Historic Resource Study, Sagamore Hill National Historic Site / H.W. Brands, Kathleen Dalton, Lewis L. Gould, Natalie A. Naylor; Juliet Frey, editor (Washington, D.C.: Department of Interior, 2008).

U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Northeast Region. Report for Reinterpreting Theodore Roosevelt and Sagamore Hill. (Unpublished manuscript, planned for publication later) Prepared by Kathleen Dalton.

Edited, with an introductory biographical essay—Aristocracy and War: the Journals of Caroline Drayton Phillips— I have permission to publish a newly released series of journals written by a diplomat’s wife, including her observations about major historical figures of the twentieth century, including Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, in progress.

A Portrait of a School: Coeducation at Andover–Originally published by Trustees of Phillips Academy in 1986, republished in 1999 by iUniverse-This is a book about the history and sociology of gender at the oldest boys’ boarding school in America and the equity policies that brought gradual change after the school became coeducational in 1973.

American Culture—a special issue of The Psychohistory Review, Vol. 10, #3/4, Spring 1982-I was the guest editor, (invited).

Between the Wars—Berkley Books, 1978, a diplomatic history text based on a television documentary series, co-authored with Allen Weinstein for Eric Sevareid.


“What Would Change If a Woman Were President?” History News Network post, February, 2008. http://hnn.us/roundup/entries/47038.html

“Teaching the History of American Reform in International Context,” in America On The World Stage: Essays on the Teaching of the United States History Survey, University
of Illinois Press, (invited by the American Historical Association and the Organization of American Historians), 2008.

“Theodore Roosevelt,” in Roger K. Newman, ed., The Yale Biographical Dictionary of American Law (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2007), in press, (invited). “Thoughts on ‘biography as history’ from visiting professor,” News of the History Department at Boston University, October 2007, 10-12.

“Finding Theodore Roosevelt: a Personal and Political Story,“ Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, 6:4 (October 2007), 1-21, (invited).

“Theodore Roosevelt: The Self-Made Man,” Time Magazine, July 3, 2006, Vol. 168, #1, p. 48-50, (invited).

“Bridge-Builder,” Theodore Roosevelt Association Journal, Vol. XXVI, #3, 2005, 12-13, (invited).

“There’ll Be a Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight: Theodore Roosevelt and the Myth of his Blind Ambition in 1912,” paper to be given at “Defining History: Critical American Elections conference, May 2008, to be published by Hildene, The Lincoln Family Home, Manchester, VT, (invited).

“Why Gays Should Be Allowed to Say ‘I Do’,” History News Network, Feb. 27, 2004, http://hnn.us/articles/3799.html; followed by a Scripps-Howard article written by Lance Gay which publicized my article in newspapers like Newsday across the country, (invited).

“Report for Reinterpreting Theodore Roosevelt and Sagamore Hill,” in the National Park Service’s Historic Resource Study for Sagamore Hill, in press for 2004. (invited).

“Historic Context,” in the National Park Service’s General Management Plan for Sagamore Hill, in progress for 2004. (invited).

“Theodore Roosevelt: Lover of Stories,” Theodore Roosevelt Association Journal, 2003, 25 (4): 3-9, (invited).

“For T.R., Government Was the Solution,” New York Times, July 14, 2002, Week in
Review, The Nation, Section 4:5.

“Sin, Sex and Censorship: Theodore Roosevelt and Moral Reform,” a talk and later article in a conference book edited by Douglas Brinkley and John Gable, The Big Stick and the Square Deal: The Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt, a celebration of the Hundredth Anniversary of TR’s Presidency, Canisius College, September 18, 2002 (in press)—broadcast on C-SPAN.

“Between the Diplomacy of Imperialism and the Achievement of World Order by Supranational Mediation: Ethnocentrism and Theodore Roosevelt’s Changing Views of World Order,” paper given at a conference on “Ethnocentrism and Diplomacy: America and the World in the 20th Century,” at the Observatoire De La Politique Etrangere Americaine, Institut du Monde Anglophone, University of Paris, Sorbonne Nouvelle III, January, 2000, also an article in Pierre Melandri and Serge Ricard, eds. Ethnocentrisme diplomatie: l’Amerique et le monde au XXe siëcle. Paris: Editions L’Harmattan, 2001. (invited).

With E. Anthony Rotundo, “Ted Sizer’s Democratic Vision of Elite Education,” in Arthur G. Powell, ed., Essays to Honor the Career of Theodore Sizer, Teachers College Press (publisher is tentative); based on a joint paper we delivered at a Colloquium on Ted Sizer’s work and life at the Annenberg Institute for School Reform, Brown University, April 30, 1999, in press (invited).

With E. Anthony Rotundo, “Teaching Gender Studies to High School Students,” explores the teaching challenges of introducing basic historical and social science studies of gender to advanced high school students, Journal of American History, Vol. 86, #4, March 2000, 1715-1720 (invited).

“Teaching New Perspectives on Theodore Roosevelt and His Era: Was Theodore Roosevelt a Warmonger?,” for a special edition on the Progressive Era in the O.A.H. Magazine of History, Vol. 13, #3, Spring 1999, 31-36 (invited).

“President Clinton, You’re No Teddy Roosevelt,” Los Angeles Times, January 26, 1997, M1, M6, Opinion Section, (invited).

With E. Anthony Rotundo, “Recalling the McNemar Years,” Andover Bulletin, Spring 1994, Vol. 87, #3, pp. 2-11, (invited).

“The Bully Prophet: Theodore Roosevelt and American Memory,” in Natalie A. Naylor, Douglas Brinkley, and John Allen Gable, eds., Theodore Roosevelt: Many-Sided American (Interlaken, NY: Heart of the Lakes Publishing/ Hofstra University, 1992, (invited).

Review Essay on Geoffrey C. Ward, Before the Trumpet: Young Franklin Roosevelt and A First-Class Temperament: The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt, in The Psychohistory Review, Vol. 19, #3, Spring 1991, pp. 351-358, (invited).

“Phyllis W. Powell,” Andover Bulletin, Spring 1989, Vol. 82, #3, pp. 16-17, (invited).

“Theodore Roosevelt, Knickerbocker Aristocrat,” New York History, Vol. 67, #1, January 1986, pp. 39-65. With Marion Finbury, “The Coeducation Study: A Portrait of a School,” Andover Bulletin, Vol. 79, #2, Fall 1985, pp. 20-22, (invited).

“Theodore Roosevelt and the Idea of War,” The Theodore Roosevelt Association Journal, Vol. VII, #4, Fall 1981, p. 6-11, (invited).

“Why America Loved Teddy Roosevelt: Or Charisma is in the Eyes of the Beholders,” (a revised version of the original article) in Robert J. Brugger, ed., OurSelves/ Our Past: Psychological Approaches to American History, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981, 269-291 (invited).

“Why America Loved Theodore Roosevelt: Or Charisma is in the Eyes of the Beholders,” in a special issue on leadership, The Psychohistory Review, Vol.VIII, #3, Winter 1979, pp. 16-26, (invited).


“Theodore Roosevelt and the 1912 Election,” to be delivered at “Why it Matters; The Nine Most Important Elections in U.S. History,” May 28-30, 2008, Hildene Symposium, Manchester, VT.

“Theodore Roosevelt and the Innovations of His Leadership,” University of Mary Washington, Great Lives Speakers Series, January 2008.

“President Franklin Roosevelt’s World War II Embrace of Secret Intelligence: Its Roots and Tragic Foreign Policy Repercussions,” Institut du Monde Anglophone, Universite Paris III, Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris, March 21, 2007.

“Theodore Roosevelt’s Innovative Approach to Leadership in the Era of the St. Louis

Fair,” the Department of History of the University of Missouri-St. Louis and the Missouri Historical Society’s annual James Neal Primm Lecture in History, Sept. 19, 2005.

“The Portsmouth Treaty in the Context of World History and in the Life of Theodore Roosevelt,” Portsmouth Treaty Centennial, Portsmouth Atheneum and New Hampshire Humanities Council, October 2005.

“American Women Facing the Threat of Fascism: the View from the Embassies and the Press,” Colloque International Femmes Et Relations Internationales Au XXe siëcle, University of Paris, Sorbonne Nouvelle III, Paris, November 5, 2004.

“There’ll Be a Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight: Theodore Roosevelt and the Myth
of his Blind Ambition in 1912,” keynote speech, 2004 Woodrow Wilson National Symposium, Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library, Sept. 24-25, 2004.

“Theodore Roosevelt’s Strenuous Life,” at the Books and Beyond event, sponsored by the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress and the Center for the Book, Feb. 11, 2004.

“A Friendship that Made History: How Theodore Roosevelt depended upon Henry Cabot Lodge,” Massachusetts Historical Society, November 13, 2003.

“Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot, a Friendship in History,” Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Oct. 15, 2003.

“Theodore Roosevelt and His Influence on Franklin Delano Roosevelt,” Co-Sponsored by the Vermont Humanities Council and the Manchester Historical Society, Four Freedoms Program, Manchester Center, Vt. Sept. 14, 2003.

“Conservation and Friendship: John Muir’s influence upon Theodore Roosevelt,” John Muir Historic Site, Martinez, California, June 17, 2003.

“Black Tom and the Dangers of Internal Subversion,” Organization of American Historians 2003 Annual Meeting, Memphis, Tennessee, April 5, 2003.

“Theodore Roosevelt and the Overpowering Importance of Anthropology,” Oct. 26, 2002 at the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Andover, Massachusetts.

“Famous Visitors to Sagamore Hill,” Friends of Sagamore Hill and Theodore Roosevelt Association talk, Sagamore Hill, May 27, 2001.

“Writing Theodore Roosevelt Across the Generations,” Organization of American Historians panel, April 27, 2001, Los Angeles, broadcast on C-SPAN.

“Theodore Roosevelt’s Great War, 1917-1918,” Charles Warren Center Colloquium, April 2, 1997, Harvard University.

“Theodore Roosevelt, War, and Presidential Leadership,” Charles Warren Center Colloquium, November 13, 1996, Harvard University.

“The Fun of Him: Theodore Roosevelt on the Stump,” Keynote, The Annual Meeting of the Theodore Roosevelt Association, Harvard University, October 26, 1996.

“The Bully Prophet: Theodore Roosevelt and American Memory,” Conference on Theodore Roosevelt and the Birth of Modern America, Hofstra University, April 19, 1990.

“TR and the Foes of Our Own Household,” Conference on Theodore Roosevelt, Canisius College, Buffalo, NY, October 25, 1985.

“Theodore Roosevelt and the Bully Pulpit,” Keynote speaker at an Exhibition/Conference on Theodore Roosevelt, Lyndon B. Johnson Library, Austin, Texas, October, 1984.

“Sex Roles and Historical Change in American History,” presented to the Humanities Faculty Workshop, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, April, 1981.

Ronald Reagan and American Culture,” at a conference on “The Meaning of Ronald Reagan for the Study of Presidential Leadership,” sponsored by the International Society for Political Psychology and the Group for Applied Psychoanalysis, Cambridge, MA, May 1981.

“Theodore Roosevelt and the Idea of War,” presented at the American Historical Association meetings, Washington, D.C., December, 1980.

“Presidential Popular Appeal in Psycho-historical Perspective,” presented to the Scholars’ Committee Colloquia, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., March, 1980.

“Psycho-history from-the-bottom-up,” presented to the Interpretive Studies Group at California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, January, 1980.

Book Reviews

Review of Aida Di Pace Donald, Lion in the White House, for The Historian, in progress.

Review of Stacy A. Cordery, Alice: Alice Roosevelt Longworth, from White House Princess to Washington Power Broker, in Theodore Roosevelt Association Journal, in progress.

Review of Allida Black, et. al., eds., The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers: Volume 1, The Human Rights Years, 1945-1948 in Documentary Editing, in progress.

Review of Louise W. Knight, Citizen Jane Addams and the Struggle for Democracy, The Chicago Tribune, Sunday Magazine, Nov. 13, 2005.

Review of Patricia O’Toole, When Trumpets Call: Theodore Roosevelt After the White House, Ideas section, The Boston Globe, March 6, 2005, I 4.

Review of Richard D. White Jr., Roosevelt the Reformer: Theodore Roosevelt as Civil Service Commissioner, 1889-1895, in The Journal of American History, Mar. 2005, Vol. 91 Issue 4, 1484-85.

Review of David H. Donald, We are Lincoln Men: Friendship in the Life of Abraham Lincoln, Ideas section, The Boston Globe, Feb. 29, 2004, D9.

Review of Joan Smyth Iversen, The Antipolygamy Controversy in U.S. Women’s Movements, 1880-1925: A Debate on the American Home, in Phoebe: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Feminist Scholarship, Theory and Aesthetics, Vol. 10, #1/Spring 1998, 85-87.

Review of Michael Burlingame, The Inner World of Abraham Lincoln in The American Historical Review, June 1996, 916-17.

Review of Bruce Miroff, Icons of Democracy: American Leaders as Heroes, Aristocrats, Dissenters, and Democrats, in The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. XXV: 4, Spring 1995, 750-751.

Review of Stuart Feder, Charles Ives: “My Father’s Song” A Psychoanalytic Biography, in The American Historical Review, June 1993, 960.

Review of Jay Stuart Berman, Police Administration and Progressive Reform: Theodore Roosevelt as Police Commissioner of New York, in The Journal of American History, Vol. 75, #4, March 1989, 1348.

Review of Judith Walzer Leavitt, Brought to Bed: Childbearing in America, 1750-1950 in The History of Education Quarterly, Winter 1987, 545-549.

Review (with E. Anthony Rotundo) of Peter W. Cookson, Jr., and Carol Hodges Persell, Preparing for Power: America’s Elite Boarding Schools in Educational Policy, Vol. 1, #1, 1987, 165-169.

Review of Edwin A. Weinstein, Woodrow Wilson: A Medical and Psychological Biography, in The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. XIII, #3, 1983, 580-581.

Review of Barbara Finkelstein, ed., Regulated Children/ Liberated Children: Education in Psychohistorical Perspective, in The Psychohistory Review, Vol. XI, #1, Fall, 1982, 114-117.

Review of David McCullough, Mornings on Horseback, in The Journal of American History, Vol. 69, #1, June, 1982, 186-187.

Review of David Stannard, Shrinking History, in The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. XII, #2, 1981, 335-336.

Review of Saul Friedlander, History and Psychoanalysis, in The History Teacher, Vol. XIV, #1, November, 1980, 145-146.

Review of Bruce Mazlish, The Revolutionary Ascetic, in The Psychoanalytic Review, Vol. 65, #2, Summer 1978, 349-351.

Awards and Honors

  • Appointed, Organization of American Historians, Distinguished Lecturer, 2006-2009
  • Awarded, National Endowment for the Humanities fellowship, 2005-2006.
  • Appointed, Primm Lecturer, University of Missouri and Missouri Historical Society, 2005.
  • Named, Fellow, Society of American
  • Awarded, Gilder Lehrman fellowship, 2002-03.
  • Historians, 2004.
  • Named, P. James Roosevelt Lectureship, Theodore Roosevelt Association, 1999.
  • Appointed, Cecil F.P. Bancroft Endowed Teaching Foundation Chair, 1988.
  • Awarded, William R. Kenan Research
  • Awarded, Charles Warren Center fellowship, Harvard University, 1996-97.
  • Grant, 1981-82, 1987-88, 1992-3, 1995-96, joint grant 2003-04.
  • Nominated, American University Teaching Award, 1980.
  • Awarded, Johns Hopkins University Fellowship, 1976-77.


2006 Who’s Who in America; Who’s Who Among American Women; Who’s Who Among America’s Teachers; Contemporary Authors; Directory of American Scholars

Professional Activities

  • Editorial Board, Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, 2008-2010.
  • Advisory Board, Theodore Roosevelt Center Digitization Project, Library of Congress and Dickinson State, North Dakota, 2007-2008
  • Chair, “Beyond the Pale: Alternative Careers for the Ph. D. in History,” 2007 meeting of the Organization of American Historians, Minneapolis.
  • Member, Biography Seminar, English Department, New York University, 2004-2008 (invited).
  • Panelist, with Ellen Hume, Tom Wicker, and Jack Beatty, “The President and the Press,” Conference on the U.S. Presidents in Perspective, The Shifting Fortunes of Presidential Reputations, Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities, Nov. 20, 2004, broadcast live on BookTV, C-SPAN.
  • A Tale of Two Elections: 1904 and 1912,” Politics and Prose bookstore, Feb. 12, 2004, broadcast later on Public Lives, BookTV, C-SPAN.
  • Chair, “President in Place: Theodore Roosevelt’s Life at Sagamore Hill,” Organization of American Historians 2003 Annual Meeting, April2003, Memphis, Tennessee.
  • Theodore Roosevelt: A Strenuous Life,” Walnut Creek, California, Barnes and Noble, broadcast on Public Lives, BookTV, C-SPAN.
  • Commentator, “The Presidency: Today and Yesterday, “ WBUR, The World of Ideas, February 2001, rebroadcast July 2001.
  • Chair and Commentator, “A Year With Supreme Possibilities: The 1912 Election and Progressivism,” session sponsored by the Society for Historians of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, American Historical Association meetings, Boston, January, 2001.
  • Membership Committee, Organization of American Historians, 1998-2007.
  • Founding Member, Executive Board Member, Brace Center on Gender, Phillips Academy, 1996-2005.
  • Member, 1987 Program Committee, American Historical Association.
  • Political Commentator, 10 O’clock News, WGBH, Boston, May, 1987, 1992.
  • Visiting Consultant on Gender Relations, Coeducation and Campus Climate Issues, 1988-90.
  • Commentator, “Interdisciplinary Perspectives: Psychology and History,” Organization of American Historians meetings, Los Angeles, April, 1984.
  • Commentator, “Exploring Women’s Biography,” American Studies Association Convention, Philadelphia, November, 1983.
  • Panelist, “Leaders and Followers,” Stanford Conference on History and Psychology, May, 1982.
  • Chaired Session, “American Masculinity in the Nineteenth Century,” Organization of American Historians meetings, Detroit, April, 1981.

Member of

Organization of American Historians, Coordinating Council for Women in History, Society of Historians of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, Society of American Historians, Massachusetts Historical Society, Society for the History of Foreign Relations