Terms You Should Know

This is an alphabetical glossary of terms that you may encounter while browsing this website.

deductible
Deductible is the amount of covered expenses you pay in full each year before plan benefits begin.
deposition
Deposition is a written declaration of facts made voluntarily out of court but under oath in the presence of the opposing party, who may conduct cross-examination in front of a court reporter.
discharge
Discharge is the termination of a person’s employment by his or her employer.
Drug Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986
Drug Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986 prohibits the unlawful possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol on school property or as part of any school activities.
emergency care
Emergency care is care provided for a medical, surgical, or psychiatric condition that requires immediate care in order to save a life or prevent permanent impairment. Emergency care is typically sought for a serious accidental injury or sudden onset of an acute medical condition, such as a suspected heart attack or a stroke. Hospital admission through an emergency room or directly from a physician’s office does not necessarily meet the definition of emergency care.
Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988
Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 (EPPA) generally prevents employers from using lie detector tests, either for pre-employment screening or during the course of employment, with certain exemptions.
Essential Functions
The most critical duties and activities that are essential for a specific job. These duties meet one or more of the following criteria as defined by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): – Performance of the responsibility is considered to be of major importance – A limited number of employees are available to perform the responsibility – The responsibility is highly specialized, requiring special expertise or abilities
Exempt Employee
An employee who is not subject to the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Exempt employees are not entitled to overtime pay or covered by any other FLSA wage and hour provisions.
exempt employees
Exempt employees are employees in jobs that are purely management, administrative, or professional, who perform without close supervision and, consequently, are exempt from coverage under the Fair Labor Standards Act.
exit interview
Exit interview is an interview between a staff member of the organization and an employee who is leaving, to ascertain the reasons for the employee leaving the organization.
External Equity
Refers to pay as it relates to what other comparable employers are paying to employees who have similar skills, responsibilities and experience; same as Market Equity.
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)
A federal law that governs minimum wage, overtime pay, child labor and recordkeeping requirements.
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 enacted minimum wage, limits work hours, and discourages oppressive child labor. Defines exempt and nonexempt employees.
Family Medical Leave Act of 1993
Family Medical Leave Act of 1993 allows an employee to take unpaid leave due to a serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform his job, or to care for a sick family member, or to care for a new son or daughter (including by birth, adoption, or foster care).