The American University of Beirut: Arab Nationalism and Liberal Education

By Professor Betty S. Anderson

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Since the American University of Beirut opened its doors in 1866, the campus has stood at the intersection of a rapidly changing American educational project for the Middle East and an ongoing student quest for Arab national identity and empowerment. Betty S. Anderson provides a unique and comprehensive analysis of how the school shifted from a missionary institution providing a curriculum in Arabic to one offering an English-language American liberal education extolling freedom of speech and analytical discovery.

Anderson discusses how generations of students demanded that they be considered legitimate voices of authority over their own education; increasingly, these students sought to introduce into their classrooms the real-life political issues raging in the Arab world. The Darwin Affair of 1882, the introduction of coeducation in the 1920s, the Arab nationalist protests of the late 1940s and early 1950s, and the even larger protests of the 1970s all challenged the Americans and Arabs to fashion an educational program relevant to a student body constantly bombarded with political and social change. Anderson reveals that the two groups chose to develop a program that combined American goals for liberal education with an Arab student demand that the educational experience remain relevant to their lives outside the school’s walls. As a result, in eras of both cooperation and conflict, the American leaders and the students at the school have made this American institution of the Arab world and of Beirut.


“In sum, The American University of Beirut is written from an innovative perspective and makes a persuasive argument. It will set the standard for research and writing about the history of the university for many years to come. Carefully crafted, this book is a page turner for those interested in the history of the Middle East as well as for historians of higher education more generally. Last but not least, this book serves the field by putting the Middle East on the map of emerging global history of the 1968 student protests, a much needed and well-timed intervention.” – Aleksandra Majstorac-Kobiljski, Middle East Journal