SEARCH FOR A NUCLEAR WEAPON FOR LIMITED CONFLICTS
Bromley and David Grahame report on the Pentagon's search for a nuclear
FUTURE OF NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL
an interactive assessment
of nuclear disarmament after the Moscow Summit,
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Journalists' Essential Field Guide to Afghanistan
by Edward Girardet
by The European
Center for War,
The News Media
SUICIDE BOMB IN ISRAEL.
jeep packed with several hundred pounds of explosives pulled up
behind a bus in Israel Monday and then exploded killing at least
14 people and wounding 40 more. Some of the passengers trapped in
the inferno were burned alive. Yassir Arafat immediately denounced
the bombing, the worst in weeks. The
Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon called an emergency cabinet meeting
to decide what to do about the attacks which more and more Israelis
are beginning to admit are impossible to stop. Further retaliations
against Palestinians would provide another obstacle to Washington's
efforts to build a coalition against Iraq, but Sharon, who angered
Washington earlier is likely to move more cautiously this time.
The BBC, October 21, 2002
WILL BE SENSITIVE TO WASHINGTON BEFORE RETALIATING
Interior Minister Eli Yishai said Tuesday that Israel would be sensitive
to Washington's position when planning its response to Monday's
lethal suicide attack near Hadera.
By Jalal Bana and Haim Shadmi, in Ha'aretz, October 23, 2002
AND BEIJING ARE THE KEY TO CONTROLLING NORTH KOREAN NUCLEAR WEAPONS
James Kelly, US undersecretary of state, flew to Asia last week
for emergency talks about North Korea's nuclear weapons programme,
it was not South Korea or Japan, Washington's strongest Asian allies,
that he visited first.
Instead, Mr. Kelly started his tour in Beijing. Pakistan, suspected
of supplying components for North Korea's uranium enrichment programme,
is another country with close ties to Pyongyang that the US will
be relying on to isolate the communist regime.
The Financial Times, October 22, 2002.
COMPLICATIONS IN PAKISTAN
demonstrations are on the rise in Pakistan adding to the pressure
against General Musharraf. Recent elections show that Musharraf
has not been able to master Pakistan's growing Islamic radicalism.
By the Economist, October 21, 2002.
Pakistani election analysis by the Carnegie Endowment
for International Peace. Includes audio files of expert panel discussion
of implications for Pakistan and neighboring countries as well as
comprehensive links to related news articles.
NORTH KOREA-PAKISTAN CONNECTION
It has hardly
been a secret that Pakistan has been offering nuclear weapons technology
to North Korea in exchange for Koreas missile technology.
The real question is why the US never noticed.
By B. Raman in the Asia Times, October 22, 2002
FACTOR MAY AFFECT THE US IN IRAQ
If the US does go to war with Iraq, US Airforce Bases in Turkey
will play a critical role. That is why it is important to take into
account Turkeys reservations about destabilizing Saddam. The
fact is that Turkey has reason to be more concerned about its own
Kurdish population linking to Kurds in Iraq, than it does about
By the Center for Strategic and International Studies, October 18,
SADDAM WONT BRING IRAQ DEMOCRACY
Before the US
can even consider installing Democracies in Iraq, it will have to
resolve the dispute between Iraqs ethnic Kurds, Shiites and
Sunni Muslims. Expect the American commitment to Iraq after a war
to last for decades.
By Marina Ottaway, Amy Hawthorn, Dan Brumberg and Thomas Carothers,
The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, October 2002.
The Rand Corporations
latest study on Iraq indicates that the Iraqis are no less hostile
to the US today, than they were a decade or so ago. Despite that
fact, a study of the last 12 years shows that applying coercion
to Iraq in the past has generally resulted in Iraq has usually resulted
in Iraq backing down and accepting a compromise solution.
By Daniel Byman, Matthew Waxman, The Rand Corporation, October 2002.
THE PRESIDENTS NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY
The US is one
of the few countries that proclaims its national security strategy
in public before actually implementing it. President Bushs new
national security strategy marks a radical shift from the past, and
especially from the notions of the Clinton administration. The most
radical component is the intention to take control of the Middle East
and to propel it forcefully into the 21st Century, thereby eliminating
a major refuge for terrorists. It is a daring gamble and it depends
on other countries going along with the idea.
By John Lewis Gaddis in the November 5, 2002 issue of Foreign Affairs.
FATE PLACED IN DOUBT BY IRAQ
The first casualty
of a war with Iraq could well be NATO which was excluded from planning
and discussion at the very beginning.
By Strobe Talbott, president of the Brookings Institution, in the
November issue of Foreign Affairs.
The major reason
that US attempts to organize coup attempts against Saddam Hussein
have failed in the past is that Saddam has one of the most effective
security operations in the Middle East. No less than five intelligence
agencies defend the presidentmostly by spying on one another.
By Ibrahim al-Marashi in the Middle East Review of International Affairs,
Fall issue, 2002. (Includes comprehensive bibliography)
EFFECTIVE ARE BAGHDADS MISSILES?
If war comes,
Iraq can be expected to resort to chemical and biological weapons,
and its delivery vehicle of choice will be missiles. Iraq still has
a few medium range rockets, and it has already experimented with warheads
filled with anthrax, botulinum toxin and aflatoxin, and filled 50
other warheads with the mixed chemical agents sarin and cyclosarin.
Baghdad may also have experimented with a deadly version of small
pox. If backed into a corner,Saddam may try to exercise his options.
The International Institute of Strategic Studies, October 2002.
US AND SAUDI ARABIA: A TROUBLED MARRIAGE THAT IS DOOMED TO CONTINUE
Friction was already
building between Saudi Arabia and Washington under the Clinton administration
and George Bushs campaign against Iraq has only worsened an
already bad situation. Yet despite growing annoyance on both sides,
the relation seems destined to continue simply because from both a
Saudi and an American perspective there is simply no one else who
can satisfy the other's needs.
By Joseph Pollack, in the fall issue of the Middle East Review of
THE PRESS STAY HOME?
that Saddam manipulates the foreign press and that little that the
small quantity of information that he does allow on the air from foreign
correspondents in Baghdad usually borders on pro-Baghdad propaganda.
If war does breaks out, it might make sense for CNN, Fox TV and the
networks to stay home. Dont count on it.
By Franklin Foer in the New Republic, October 28, 2002
The US and Israel
are equally resented throughout the Middle East. Success and a strong
national identity is one explanation. The readiness of both countries
to exercise power to achieve political goals is another that may be
even closer to the truth.
By Joseph Joffe in the November 5 issue of Foreign Affair's.
ARRESTS THE INTERNET
Monday 14 October, the south Cairo Bab Al-Khalq appeals court affirmed
a one-year prison sentence handed down on Al-Ahram Weekly's Webmaster,
Shohdy Naguib, 40, by the Sayeda Zeinab misdemeanor's court in June.
The decision was no surprise to Naguib, his lawyers or the Internet
community in Egypt. Because the prison sentence was handed down for
a "felony", which in Egypt requires that the defendant be
physically present at the appeals session, the judge had no option
but to uphold the prison sentence since Naguib did not attend.
On the other side of the planet, in Moscow, Naguib now dubbed "the
first Arab Internet prisoner of conscience" was waiting for news
of the expected ruling. His absence came as a disappointment for a
group of lawyers, rights activists and intellectuals who were preparing
an "impressive" defense argument for what they considered
an opportunity to win the battle for Internet freedom in Egypt.
By Amir Howeidy in Al-Ahram, October 23, 2002
THEY HATE US
[a Global Beat Exclusive]
seen the future, and its not pretty. We saw it clearly through the
media-soaked eyes of more than 1,200 teen-agers in 12 countries from all
parts of the world whom we surveyed for a project entitled The Next Generations
Image of Americans.
With rare exception, they hold uniformly negative perceptions not only
of our government but of all Americans. We saw a mindset that is one of
the parts of the requisite foundation for next-gen terrorism"
Boston University's Margaret H. DeFleur and Melvin L. DeFleur surveyed
the opinions of highschool students in 12 countries. With the exception
of one country, Argentina, they found that a majority of students outside
the United States were hostile to both US government policies and American
Global Beat Syndicate publishes the survey results in an interactive website,
complete with a clickable map and highlighted links to relevant parts
of the study. To
read more, click here.
out Zoned for Debate
Webforum on current issues in journalism
here, or on the image of the Zoned for Debate web page
interns to work on research projects with the Director of the Center for
Peace, and the News Media at NYU. The projects concern (1) the role of the
news media in exacerbating or preventing international and
ethnic/religious/racial conflict, and (2) international reporting in the
American news media.
Internship responsibilities include library and Web research, writing
summaries of articles, assistance with monitoring the media, and assistance
with publication of research.
Graduate students or advanced undergraduates preferred. Flexible schedule
for 10-20 hours per week. The Center's office is located on the NYU campus
in Greenwich Village; interns may also work independently and communicate
e-mail. Course credit can be arranged with student's home institution as
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