SEARCH FOR A NUCLEAR WEAPON FOR LIMITED CONFLICTS
Bromley and David Grahame report on the Pentagon's search for a nuclear
FUTURE OF NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL
an interactive assessment
of nuclear disarmament after the Moscow Summit,
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Journalists' Essential Field Guide to Afghanistan
by Edward Girardet
by The European
Center for War,
The News Media
LETS NOT FORGET THAT SADDAM REALLY IS A MONSTER
consummate champagne socialist, professional maverick and ideological
contrarian--announces his last column for The Nation magazine. Pleading
irreconcilable differences, Hitchens beef is that the Nation seems
more upset with the Bush administrations stampeding over civil rights
than with the awfulness of Saddams regime. Hitchens notes that many
of Saddams key aides have had members of their own families tortured,
murdered or imprisoned by Baghdads madman, often on a whim, or a
simple need to demonstrate who is in control. The disparities have pushed
the prolific maverick to the center-right.
By Christopher Hitchens in The Nation, September 30, 2002
Nations Open Letter to Congress
THE RUSSIAN VIEWPOINT
The US deserves credit for seeking coalition support on Iraq, but if the
real US goal is to get rid of Saddam, Washington should say so, and not
hide behind the pretext of controlling weapons of mass destruction.
By Vladimir Frolov, deputy staff director of the State Duma foreign affairs
committee in the Moscow Times, September 30, 2002
ARAB VIEW: AN EDITORIAL IN THE TIMES OF YEMEN
knows that the US economy is dependent on the oil basins in the Arabian
Peninsula and that a war at this time against an Islamic country would
probably trigger massive outrage and anger among the public in those countries.
It may be a repeat of the demonstrations that took place following the
Jenin massacre and which faded away days later. But who guarantees that
it would be in such a fashion? Who guarantees that hell would not break
loose causing destruction or threats to US interests in the region?"
FOCUS ON US AID TO IRAQ'S BIOWEAPONS PROGRAM
fact that the US provided Iraq with samples of some of the world's most
lethal biological agents is beginning to attract attention (see Senate
testimony by Senator Robert Byrd, "Back When Saddam Was Our Man,"
in this week's right hand column). Samples of anthrax and botulism were
dispatched to Baghdad from the Centers for Disease Control and other US
agencies at a time when Washington considered Saddam to be a useful ally.
Kelly, the Associated Press, October 1, 2002
WITH IRAQ SHIFTS MEDIA FOCUS JUST IN TIME
were starting to question Dick Cheneys role as boss at Haliburton
(whose subsidiary, incidentally, signed a deal with Saddam to help rebuild
pipelines). They were also looking into insider trading charges against
George W. Bush who managed to sell his shares in Harken Energy just before
the stock bombed. Then the sudden urge to attack Iraq began to grab the
headlines. Sound like a real life version of Wag The Dog? The editors
of the American Prospect warn that the cost to the United States and the
American public may turn out to be far greater than many Washington pols
By Paul Starr, Robert Kuttner and Harold Meyerson in the American Prospect,
September 25, 2002
THE ADMINISTRATIONS NEW NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY
plan broadens the concept of preemptive attacks from the old approach
of responding to an immediate threat and enlarges it to include longer
range threats that may still be in the early stages of development. At
the root of the shift is a desire on the part of the administration to
deal actively with global problems rather than merely tolerating them.
The danger is that the decision to go to war depends on the subjective
judgment of the president and his advisors.
The Center for Defense Information, September 30, 2002
THE VULNERABILITY OF SPACE-BASED MISSILE DEFENSE Upwards
of 100,000 pieces of man-made debris now orbit around us in outer space.
Each bit is traveling at 27,000 kilometers an hour--ten times faster than
a rifle bullet. Explode a missile in space and the debris increases dramatically.
The result of ricocheting pieces of metal could be a chain reaction in
which each piece breaks other pieces into smaller bits until the earth
is surrounded by a lethal halo. The result could spell the end to mankinds
love affair with outerspace.
By Joel Primack in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
FAILURE TO JUDGE THE CLIMATE IN WASHINGTON TURNS THE SEIGE AGAINST ARAFAT
INTO A POLITICAL DEFEAT
Minister Ariel Sharons error was to misjudge the Bush administrations
commitment to winning Arab support for a war against Iraq. That mistake
may exact a heavy price on Sharons political future.
By Karin Laub, Associated Press, September 30, 2002
SETBACK MAY CREATE NEW OPPORTUNITIES
now speculate that Sharons failure could lend support to a faction
among the Palestinians that is determined to turn away from violence.
By Bradley Burston in Haaretz, September 30, 2002
PRIME MINISTER CALLS ON ARABS TO STOP BLAMING ISRAEL AND MAKE THEIR PRESENCE
FELT IN WASHINGTON
argues that Israel has nothing to do with why Arabs speak with such a
weak voice. What the region needs is a unified strategy, and it needs
to learn how Washington really works.
DEEP IS CHINA CRISIS IN GOVERNANCE?
has stalled the selection of its new leaders until November and there
are rumors that Jiang Zemin may try to stay on. The Carnegie Endowment
for International Peace provides a wide ranging series of articles and
a Real Audio recording of a seminar with Minxin Pei exploring what is
really going on.
By CEIPO, September 30, 2002
MYANMARS POLITICAL FUTURE A PRISONER OF ITS MILITARY BUDGET?
Myanmar (Burma) has been improving its army since 1988, with the result
that it has become a far more potent force in suppressing civil opposition.
The price tag hast been cheap. The army now accounts for 45% of
the national budget. Common sense indicates that the countrys ruling
military junta will not surrender power to democrats easily.
By the International Crisis Group, September 27, 2002
ME AN ENEMY
A documentary by Vis a vis productions, tells the story of two women caught
in the turmoil of former Yugoslavia, one a Serbo-Croat and the other a
fated to be natural enemies, both find that life is more complex and somehow
manage to escape the usual stereotypes with humor and warmth. The film
previews in Philadelphia on Thursday.
Check the website, http://www.visavisproductions.com/index.html for details.
Bin Laden may have the most to gain from a U.S. invasion of Iraq, observes
in an ironic diatribe
satirically mimicking Osama's twisted reasoning.
ahead. Send me a new generation of recruits, Your bombs will fuel their
hatred of America and their desire for revenge. Americans wont be
safe anywhere. Please, attack Iraq. Distract yourself from fighting Al
Qaeda. Divide the international community. Go ahead. Destabilize the region.
Maybe Pakistan will fall -- we want its nuclear weapons. Give Saddam a
reason to strike first. He might draw Israel into a fight. Perfect! So
please -- invade Iraq. Make my day...."--TomPaine.com
WHEN SADDAM WAS OUR MAN
The scene is December 1983, and the American envoy dispatched on orders
from Ronald Reagan to curry favor with Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein is
none other than Donald Rumsfeld. The administration knows that Saddam
is a psychopath and that he is using chemical weapons, but Washington
has more pressing concerns. Saddam is about to be crushed by Iran, and
the Reagan administration feels compelled to save him by providing US
intelligence, spy satellite information and surveillance equipment for
Iraqs secret police. Strategic advice is provided by the best minds
the Pentagon has to offer. Excerpts of the account of this period in American
history were read into the Congressional Record on September 20, 2002,
by Senator Robert Byrd (Democrat-West Virginia). The article that caught
Byrds attention was published in Newsweek by Christopher Dickey
and Evan Thomas, but the Congressional Record also records Rumsfelds
reactions and adds substantial information.. Rumsfeld tells the Senate
committee members that he remembers talking with Saddam at Reagans
behest, but has trouble with the details. It would be a shame,
he says,to leave this hearing with the impression that the US aided
Saddam in developing chemical and biological weapons. Following
Rumsfelds remarks, Byrd enters into the record several shipping
manifests listing the potential biological warfare samples sent to Iraq
from the U.S. at the top of the list of pathogens:anthrax and botulism.
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DID SADDAM REALLY TRY TO KILL GEORGE W. BUSHS FATHER
Hersh, writing in the New Yorker, suggests that the record is far from
clear despite the fact that the US fired 23 cruise missiles with thousands
of pounds of explosives on Baghdad in retaliation for the alleged assassination
attempt. As often happens in real life situations, three of the tomahawk
missiles missed their target--a headquarters for Iraqi intelligence, and
hit nearby civilian homes instead. Eight civilians, including one of Iraqs
most gifted artists were killed. The exercise gained public relations
points and created an aura of toughness for Bill Clinton, who was then
President, but the impact on Saddam and his regime was minimal, and the
cost to the US in prestige and credibility went considerably higher than
the $23 million price tag on the missiles. In the end, it was never really
certain that Iraq had hatched the plot, instead, the US seemed to have
been drawn into an act of war because of domestic political considerations.
In this article, which first appeared in 1993, Hersh charts the progression
of events which led to the bombing of Baghdad.
By Seymour Hersh, The New Yorker, September 30, 2002
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