International Reporting by the
American News Media:
A Bibliography of Scholarship and Criticism, 1990-2001

William A Dorman and Robert Manoff

Global Journalism Program
Research Note No. 1
December 2005

CENTER FOR WAR, PEACE, AND THE
NEWS MEDIA
Department of Journalism, College of Communication, Boston University
640 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston MA 02215
(914) 588-7478   rmanoff@bu.edu 

__________________________________________________


This bibliography provides citations to the most significant books, articles, chapters, and other publications and ephemera (including those on the Web) on the subject of the news media and foreign/international reporting during the decade-plus following the fall of the Berlin Wall. 

This volume is a sequel to an earlier publication, American Press Coverage of U.S.-Soviet Relations, the Soviet Union, Nuclear Weapons, Arms Control, and National Security, by William A. Dorman, Robert Manoff, and Jennifer Weeks (New York: Center for War, Peace, and the News Media, 1988, 102 pp.). This volume became a basic resource for scholars writing about news media coverage of these issues; it remains available from the Center for War, Peace, and the News Media.
 
The present publication is designed to serve as a resource for scholars, journalists, activists, and others interested in how the American news media covered the world, and how it organized itself to do so, from the end of the Cold War until 9/11 and its sequelae (notably the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq) altered the journalistic landscape. (We have also included an occasional pre-1990 publication when it was deemed of particular contemporary interest.) A subsequent volume will identify research that has been done, and significant analysis that has appeared, on the U.S. news media's international reporting since September 11, 2001.

The Center’s Global Journalism Program, for which this is a Research Note, has been working for several years to develop new concepts for, and practical approaches to, coverage of the world for an American public that remains untutored and often confused by developments beyond our shores. What is more, since the news media remain principal information sources for diverse policy and political constituencies, developing the capacity to better inform them remains a critical goal in a world increasingly shaped by the forces of interdependence, globalism, and continuing international and “asymmetrical” conflict. (Information on the Global Journalism Program, as well as other Center activities, is available from Robert Manoff at rmanoff@bu.edu)

Finally, the Center would like to express its gratitude to the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, whose institutional grant supported much of the research for this publication. 

 – W.A.D and R.M.


International Reporting by the
American News Media:
A Bibliography of Scholarship and Criticism, 1990-2001


Ackerman, Seth. “Al-Aqsa Intifada and the U.S. Media.”  Journal of Palestine Studies
Winter 2002: 61-74.        

---.  “Mission: Implausible. What the Media Didn’t Tell You About the Chinese Embassy Bombing.” In These Times 26 June 2000: 14.

---.  “New York Times on Iraq Sanctions: A Case of Journalistic Malpractice.”  Extra! Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR) Mar./Apr. 2002.
    12 Nov. 2002 <http://www.fair.org/extra/0003/crossette-iraq.html>.

---. “Will the Media Remember Al-Shifa?”  Fairness & Accuracy in
Reporting: The National Media Watchdog Group  17 Aug. 1999
12 Nov. 2002 <http://www.fair.org/press-releases/al-shifa.html>.

"Action Alert:  Police Violence in Genoa -- Par for the Course?  Media Complacency
Helps Normalize Assaults on Demonstrators."  Fairness & Accuracy In
Reporting: The National Media Watchdog Group  26 July 2001
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Adams, J.B.  “A Qualitative Analysis of Domestic and Foreign News on the AP TA Wire.”  Gazette 10 (1964) : 285-295.

Albright, Madeleine K. “Around-the-Clock News Cycle a Double-Edged Sword.”  Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics 6.1 (2001): 105-108.

Albrow, Mohammed and E. King. Globalization, Knowledge and Society.  London:  Sage, 1990.

Alleyne, D.M.  International Power and International Communication.  Oxford: Macmillan, 1995.

Alterman, Eric. Who Speaks for America? Why Democracy Matters in Foreign Policy.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Althaus, Scott L. “Revising the Indexing Hypothesis: Officials, Media, and the Libya Crisis.”  Political Communication  13.4 (1996): 407-421.

Amanpour, Christine.  Television’s Role in Foreign Policy.” Quill, April 1996, 16-17.

Ammon, Royce J. Global Television and the Shaping of World Politics: CNN, Telediplomacy, and Foreign Policy. London: McFarland & Company, 2001.


Anderson, Michael H. and Jim Richstad.  Crisis in International News: Policies and Prospects.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 1981.

Arnett, Peter. “Goodbye World.”  American Journalism Review  Nov. 1998: 50.

Aukofer F. and W. Lawrence.  America's Team: The Odd Couple. A Report on the Relationship Between the Media and the Military.  Vanderbilt: Freedom Forum First Amendment Center, 1995.

Auletta, Ken. Three Blind Mice.  New York: Random House, 1991.

Badsey, Stephen.  “The Media and UN ‘Peacekeeping’ Since the Gulf War.” Journal of Conflict Studies XVII.1 (1997) 7-27.

Baker, Ross K.  “Media and Politics – Deaf to the World.” Media Studies Journal  14.1 (2000): 94.

Ballew-Gonzales, Christine. “Currents: Trauma, Journalists Counseling Journalists.”    Columbia Journalism Review online  Jan./Feb.  2002.  
            15 Apr. 2002   <http://www.cjr.org/year/02/1/gonzales.asp>.

Barnes, Fred. “Mr. Barnes I presume.”  The Weekly Standard  13 Sept. 1999: 4.

Barkin, Steve M. “Satellite Extravaganza.”  American Journalism Review  Sept. 2001:
48-51.

Barringer, Felicity and Geraldine Fabrikant.  “As an Attack Unfolds, a Struggle to Provide    Vivid Images to Homes.”  The New York Times online 12 Sept. 2001    
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Barton, Gina. “Patriotism and the News.”  Quill  Dec. 2001: 18-21.

Bates, Benjamin.  “Global Media Economics: Commercialization, Concentration, and Integration of the World Media Market.”  Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly  75 (1998): 845-6.

Bauder, David. “Media Gets Some High Marks for Coverage of Attacks.”  Associated Press 22 Sept. 2001.
Baum, Matthew A. “Sex, Lies, and War: How Soft News Brings Foreign Policy to the Inattentive Public.” American Political Science Review March 2002: 96.

Beamish, Rita.    “US Tries Spinning the Globe.”  Columbia Journalism Review  Nov./Dec. 1999: 11.

Beaudoin, Christopher E. and Esther Thorson.  “LA Times Offered as Model for Foreign News Coverage.”  Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication  Newspaper Research Journal Winter 2001: 80-93.

Becker, Lee, Wilson Lowery, Dane Claussen and William Anderson. “Why Does the Beat go on?”  Newspaper Research Journal Fall 2000: 2-16.

Bell, Steve.  “Impact of the Global Media Revolution.”  USA Today Mar. 1999: 28-31.

Benesch, Susan.   “The Rise of Solutions Journalism.”  Columbia Journalism Review Mar./Apr. 1998: 36-39.

Bennett, W.L. and D. Paletz (Eds.).  Taken by Storm: The Media, Public Opinion and    U.S. Foreign Policy in the Gulf War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Berger, G.   “Grave New World?  Democratic Journalism Enters the Global 21st Century.”  Communication Abstracts 23 (2000): 5.

Berlow Alan.   “Human Rights Reporting: Beyond Body Counts and Statistics.”  Investigative Reporters and Editors Journal  20.2 (1975): 3-5.

Berry, Nicholas O.  Foreign Policy and the Press: An Analysis of the New York Times’ Coverage of U.S. Foreign Policy. New York : Greenwood Press, 1990.

Beschloss, Michael R. Presidents, Television and Foreign Crises. Washington, D.C.: The Annenberg Washington Program in Communications Policy Studies of Northwestern University, 1993.

Binion, Carla.  “The Media as Propaganda Ministry.”  Online Journal 2 Oct. 2001.
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Blumenthal, Robin Goldwyn.  “Woolly Times on the Web.”  Columbia Journalism Review,  Sept./Oct. 1997:  34-36.

Bolling, Landrum R (ed.).  Reporters Under Fire: U.S. Media Coverage of Conflicts in Lebanon and Central America.  Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Boyd-Barratt, O. The Globalization of News. London: Sage, 1998.

---.  “National and International News Agencies: Issues of Crisis and Realignment.”  Communication Abstracts  23 (2000): 4.

Brady, Lee Ann and Atiba Pertilla. “The Look of Local News.”  Columbia Journalism Review Nov./Dec. 2001: 11-12.

Bridge, Junior.  "International News is Dominated by Violence, Male View."  Quill June 1995: 22.

“Bringing the World Home: Showing Readers their Global Connections.”  The American Society of Newspaper Editors 23 July 1999. ASNE  <www.asne.org>.

Brock, Peter. "Dateline Yugoslavia: the Partisan Press.”  Foreign Policy  93 (1993-93): 152-172.

Brown, Velma L.  International News Coverage in Selected African American Newspapers:    July 1992-June 1993.  Diss.  Howard U, 1995.  Ann Arbor:  UMI, 1995.  9522402.

Caliendo, Stephen M., Mark P. Gibney and Angela Payne. “All the News That’s Fit to Print? NY Times Coverage of Human Rights Violations.”  Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics 4.4 (1999): 48.

Campbell, Kim.  “‘Send in the Historians,' Cry Critics of Sound-bite News.”  Christian Science Monitor 4 Oct. 2001: A18.

--- “World on Media; US is Long on Game Shows, Short on Foreign News.”  Christian Science Monitor 1 Mar. 2001: A15.

Carpenter, Ted Galen. The Captive Press: Foreign Policy Crises and the First Amendment. Washington: Cato Institute, 1995.

Carr, Forrest. “Six O’clock Rocks; What Happens to your Local News Between 6 and 11?” Columbia Journalism Review  Nov./Dec. 1999: 92-3.

Carrier, Rebecca Ann.  Globalization and Domestication of International News:  A Content    Analysis of Five National Broadcasters’ Television News Coverage of the 1991    Persian Gulf War.  Diss.  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1998.  Ann    Arbor:  UMI, 1999.  9912205.

Carroll, Raymond L. and C.A. Tuggle.  1997.  “The World Outside: Local TV News Treatment of Imported News.”  Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 74 (1997): 123-133.

Carruthers, Susan L. The Media At War.  New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Case, Tony.  4 May  “Local News Attracts Readers."  Editor & Publisher 4 May  
            1996: 12

Cassara, Catherine. “U.S. Newspaper Coverage of Human Rights in Latin America, 1975-1982:  Exploring President Carter’s Agenda-Building Influence.”  Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 75 (1998): 478-486.

Chadwick, Paul. “Media Accounts and Accountability.”  Journal of Contemporary Analysis 72.1 (2000): 37.

Chandran, Jayanti and Joe Atkins. “Asian News in Time and India Today.”  International Communication Bulletin 1998: 33.

Chang, Kuang-Kuo. “Auto Trade Policy and the Press: Auto Elite as a Source of the Media Agenda.”  Communication Abstracts  23 (2000):  2.

Chang, Tsan-Kuo. “All Countries Not Created Equal to be News: World System and International Communication.”  Communication Research 25 (1998): 528-563.

Chang, Tsan-Kuo and Jae-Won Lee. “Factors Affecting Gatekeepers’ Selection of Foreign News: A National Survey of Newspaper Editors.” Journalism Quarterly 69 (Fall 1992): 554-61.

Chang, Tsan-Kuo, Pamela J. Shoemaker and Nancy Brendlinger. “Determinants of International News Coverage in the U.S. Media.”  Communication Research 14 (1987): 369-414.

---.     "Deviance as a Predictor of Newsworthiness: Coverage of International Events in the U.S. Media."  Communication Yearbook 10 (1987): 348-65.

Chen, G.M. and W.J. Starosta (Eds.). Communication and Global Society.  New York: Peter Lang, 2000.

Chun, Park.  A Comparative Analysis of the Selection Process and Content of Television    International News in the United States and Korea:  A Case Study of the U.S. CNN    PrimeNews, Korean KBS 9 o’clock News and SBS 8 o’clock News Programs.  Diss.    Ohio U, 1994.  Ann Arbor:  UMI, 1995.  9434242.

Chunne, Dante. “Pushed off the Press Plane.”  Columbia Journalism Review  May/Jun. (1998): 14.

Clem, Patricia. “TV Outlook for the ’90s: Bearish for Network News, Bullish for Local News.”  Quill Sept., 32 1990.

CNN.  Global Forum: Responsible Journalism or Maddening Frenzy? 1998.

Cockburn, Alexander. “The Ethics of Photojournalism.” Salon 4 Sept. 1997.
    <http://www.salon.com/sept97/media/media970904.html>.

Coen, Rachel. “After the Humanitarian War: TV Learns to Accept Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo.”  Extra!.  Nov./Dec. 1999 FAIR  
12 Nov. 2002 <http://www.fair.org/extra/9911/kosovo.html>.

Cohen, A.A. et al. Global Newsrooms: Local Audiences. New Jersey: John Libbey, 1996.

Cohen, Bernard C. The Press and Foreign Policy.  Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 1963.

Cohen, Jeff. “Rule of Law vs. Rule of War. Are Media Missing the Lesson    of Oklahoma    City?”  Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting: The National Media Watchdog Group. 19    Sept. 2001  FAIR  
12 Nov. 2002 <www.fair.org/articles/wtc-okcity.html>.

Cohen, Jeff and Seth Ackerman. 1998. “Media Critic: Media in Cruise Control.”  In These Times 22.22 (1998): 8.

Cohen,  Richard. “The Terrorism Story—And How We Blew It.”  The Washington Post 4 Oct. 2001:  A13.

Cohen, Stephen. “American Journalism and Russia’s Tragedy.” The Nation online 2 Oct.
2000.
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Cohen, William S. “Be Skeptical, but in a Crisis Give us the Benefit of the Doubt.”  Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics  5.2 (2000) : 6-16.

Colorito, Rita. “Ignoring Foreign News.”  The World and I  15.5 (2000) :76-81.

“Compelling Writing on Foreign Affairs.”  National Conference of Editorial Writers.  NCEW  
12 Nov. 2002 <http://www.ncew.org/con99for.html>.

Corporon, John. “Benchmarking: What Four Quality Stations can Teach You.”  Columbia Journalism Review  Nov./Dec. 1999: 89-91.

Cramer, Chris. “American Apocalypse: the Day that Shook the World.”  The Guardian 17 Sept. 2001: A 8.

Crispin Miller, Mark. “Squelching the News in Democracy’s Name.”  Mother Jones  24 Oct. 2001
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Crobett, Julia B. “Atmospheric Ozone: a Global or Local Issue? Coverage in Canadian and US newspapers.”  Canadian Journal of Communication 18 (1993): 81-87.

Cunningham, Brent. “Global Blinders; The End of the Cold War Hastened a Retreat From Foreign News—Until September 11.”  Columbia Journalism Review  Nov./Dec. 2001: 110.

---.   “The AP Now.”  Columbia Journalism Review  Nov./Dec. 2000: 50.

Daniels, LeAnne.  Covering the World at Three Prestigious U.S. Newspapers:  How    Newspaper Environments Influence International News Decisions.  Diss.  Indiana U,    1994.  Ann Arbor:  UMI, 1995.  9500391.

Dayan, D. and E. Katz. Media Event: The Live Broadcasting of History.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Davis, Paul M. "Foreign News: A Casual Disinterest."  Quill Apr. 1989: 43-47.

Demertzis, Nicolas, Sylianos Papathanassopoulos and Antonis Armenakis.  “Media and Nationalism:  The Macedonian Question.”  Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics   4.3 (1999): 26-50.  Also available online.
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Denhem, Bryan E. “Anonymous Attribution Two Periods of Military Conflict: Using Logistic Regression to Study Veiled Sources in American Newspapers.” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 74 (1997): 565-578.

Dennis, Everette E. “Life Without the ‘Evil Empire’: New Ways to Make Sense of the World, in The Media and Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War World.  New York: Freedom Forum Media Studies Center, 1993.

Diamond, Larry and Marc Plattner (Eds.). Nationalism, Ethnic Conflict, and Democracy.  Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.

Dominick, Joseph R.  "Geographic Bias in National News."  Journal of Communication 27 (1977): 94-99.

Domke, D. “Strategic Elites, the Press, and Race Relations.”  Journal of Communication  50 (2000): 115-140.

Dorman, William A. and Mansour Farhang.  U.S. Press and Iran: Foreign Policy and the Journalism of Deference. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Douglas, Ab. On Foreign Assignment: The Inside Story of Journalism’s Elite Corps. Calgary, Canada: Detselig Enterprises, Ltd., 1993.

Downie, Leonard, Jr. and Robert G. Kaiser. The News About the News: American Journalism in Peril.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.

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.
Drake, Bruce. “Giving a Damn.”  Columbia Journalism Review  Mar./Apr. 1998: 8.

Ehrlich, Dan. “Beware:  Corporate Journalism.”  Editor & Publisher 18 Oct. 1997: 72.

Efron, Sonni.  “Clinton Under Fire Reaction: World of Laughter, World of Tear.”  Los Angeles Times 19 Aug. 1998, Record edition: 15.

Ellis, Stephen. “Reporting Africa.”  Current History   99. 637 (2000): 221-6.

Emery, Michael. “An Endangered Species: The International News Hole.” Media Studies Journal  3 (1989): 151-164.

Emery, Michael. On the Front Lines: Following America’s Foreign Correspondents Across the Twentieth Century. Washington, DC: American University Press, 1995.

Esser, Frank, Carsten Reinemann and David Fan. “Spin Doctors in the United States, Great Britain, and Germany: Metacommunication about Media Manipulation.”  Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics 6.1(2001): 16-45.

Evans, Harold. “What a Century!”  Columbia Journalism Review Jan./Feb. 1999 : 27.

Fair, Jo Allen. "War, Famine, and Poverty: Race in the Construction of Africa's Media
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Fair, Jo Allen. "Are We Really the World? Coverage of U.S. Food Aid in Africa,
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Fan, David P. and Jennifer Ostini.  “Human Rights Media Coverage in Chinese East Asia.”  Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 566 (1999): 93-108.

Featherstone, Michael (ed). Global Culture.  London:  Sage, 1995.

Featherstone, Michael. Undoing Culture: Globalization, Postmodernism and Identity.  London:  Sage, 1995.

Ferguson, Mohammed. “The Mythology about Globalization.”  European Journal of Communication 7 (1992) : 69-93.

Finefrock, Camille. “Players Only: Where Media and Foreign Policy Elites Talk Geopolitics.”  Columbia Journalism Review Mar./Apr. 2001: 42-3.

Fiske, J. Remote Control: Television Audiences and Cultural Power.  London: Routledge, 1989.

The Media and Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War World. New York:  Freedom Forum Media Studies Center, Columbia University, 1993.

Folkenflik, David. “Foreign News Back in Demand.”  Baltimore Sun 26 Sept. 2001, Final edition:1E.

Folkenflik, David. “Media Juggle Wartime Responsibilities; TV: CNN and ABC Show how Complicated it can be for Reporters when Patriotism and Journalism Meet.”  Baltimore Sun, 2 Nov. 2001, Final edition: 1E.

Fortner, S. Robert. International Communication.  Belmont: Wadsworth, 1993.

Fost, Dan. “Media Helping to Drive Anthrax Hysteria.” San Francisco Chronicle 17 Oct. 2001: B1.

“Framing Stories in Macedonia.” Mediachannel.org 16 May 2001.
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Frankland, Mark. “Global Reporting in the ’90s.”  IPI Report, Fourth Quarter. Vienna, 1998

Freedman, L. "The Media and Foreign Policy.”  Dispatches: The Journal of the Territorial Army Pool of Information Officers 1996: 141.

Frederick, H.H.  Global Communication and International Relations.  Belmont, Wadsworth, 1993.

Fridner, Peter. “Media Network to Facilitate Regional Links.”  Inter Press Service. Global News Bank, Oct. 1996.

Friedland, L. Covering the World: International Television News Services.  New York:  20th Century Fund Press, 1992.

Friedman, J. Cultural Identity and Global Process.  London:  Sage, 1994.

Friedman, Thomas. The Lexus and the Olive Tree.  New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux, 1999.

Friedman, Thomas and Ignacio Ramonet. “Dueling Globalizations: A Debate Between Thomas L. Friedman and Igancio Ramonet.”  Foreign Policy 116 (1999): 18.

Galtung, Johan and Mari Homboe Ruge.  “The Structure of Foreign News.” Journal of Peace Research 1 (1965): 64-91.

Galtung, Johan and Richard C. Vincent. Global Glastnost; Toward a New World Information and Communication Order?  Creskill:  Hampton Press, 1992.

Garon, Lisa. “A Case Study of Functional Subjectivity in Media Coverage: the Gulf War on TV.”  Canadian Journal of Communication 21 (1996): 317-337.

Garrett, Laurie.  “‘You Just Signed his Death Warrant’: AIDS Politics and the Journalist’s Role.”  Columbia Journalism Review  Nov./Dec. 2000: 62-3.

Garrison, Chad.  “Reporting the Other.”  IRE Journal Jan./Feb. 1999: 15.

Gaziano, Cecilie. “Forecast 200:  Widening Knowledge Gaps.”  Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 74(1997):  237-264.

Gerbner, George, and George Marvanyi. “The Many Worlds of the World’s Press.”  Journal of Communication  27 (1977): 52-66.

Giffard, C. Anthony and Nancy K.  Rivenburgh. “International Media Coverage – News Agencies, National Images and Global Media Events.”  Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly  77 .1(2000): 8-21.

Gilboa, Eytan, (ed.) Media & Conflict: Framing Issues, Making Policy, Shaping Opinions. Ardsley, N.Y.: Transnational Publishers, 2002.

Gilens, Martin. “Race and Poverty in America: Public Misperceptions and the American News Media.”  Public Opinion Quarterly Winter 1996: 515-541.

Giuffo, John. “Smoke Gets In Our Eyes.”  Columbia Journalism Review  Sept./Oct. 2001:14.

Gjelten, Tom.  Professionalism in War Reporting: A Correspondent’s View. Washington: Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, 1998.

Go, Miriam.  “Journalists-in-Government Issue Deserves Discussion.”  Mediachannel  30    Jan. 2002.  
           Global Vision New Media 1 Apr. 2002    
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Goldfarb, Michael. “All Journalism Is Local: Reporting on the Middle East. How the U.S. and European Media Cover the Same Events Differently.”  Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics  6.3 (2001): 110-115.

Gonzenbach, William J., et al. “The World of U.S. Network Television News: Eighteen Years of International and Foreign News Coverage.” Gazette 50 (1992).

Gowing, Nik.  “Media Coverage: Help or Hindrance in Conflict Prevention.” Report to the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict. 1997.

---.  "Real Time Television Coverage of Armed Conflicts and Diplomatic Crises: does it Pressure or Distort Foreign Policy Decisions?"  Discussion Paper  94-1.  JFK School of Government, Harvard University, June, 1994.

Gozenbach, W.J., M.D. Arant and R.L. Stevenson.  “The World of US Network Television News: 18 Years of International and Foreign News Coverage.”  Gazette; International Journal of Mass Communication Studies 50 (1992): 53-72.

Grier, Peter. “The Motto on Foreign News Coverage: Through a Lens, Dark and Infrequently.”  Christian Science Monitor January 30 1996: A1.  

Graber, Doris. Mass Media and American Politics.  Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1993.

Guensburg, Carol. “Online Access to the War Zone.” American Journalism Review May 1999: 12-13.


Hachten, William A. The World News Prism. 5th ed.  Iowa:  Iowa State University Press, 1999.

Hackett, Bob. “Covering (Up) the ‘War on Terrorism’: The Master Frame and the Media Chill.”  24 Oct. 2001.  
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Hader, Leon.  “Covering the New World Disorder.”  Columbia Journalism Review July/Aug. 1994: 24-29.

Hallin, Daniel C. The Uncensored War: the Media and Vietnam.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Halloran, J.D.  1993.  “What We Urgently Require is a Globalization of Moral Responsibility.”  Intermedia 2.2(1993): 4-7.

Hargreaves, Ian.  “Is There a Future for Foreign News?” Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 20 (2000): 55-61.

Hamelink, C.J.  The Politics of World Communication.  London:  Sage, 1994.

Hamilton, J.M.  Main Street America and the Third World.  Cabin John: Seven Lock    Press, 1986.

---.  “The News of the World is Right Here on Main Street.”  Quill 1985: 73.

Henry, W. A.  “History as It Happens.”  Time 6 Jan. 1992 .

Herman, Edward S.  “Good and Bad Genocide: Double Standards in Coverage of Suharto and Pol Pot.”  Extra!  Sept./Oct. 1998.  

Herman, Edward and Noam Chomsky  Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media.  London:  Vintage, 1994.  

Herman, E.S. and R.W. McChesney The Global Media.  London:  Cassell, 1997.  

Hess, Stephen. International News and Foreign Correspondents.  Washington, DC:  Brookings Institution, 1996.

Hester, Al.  "Theoretical Considerations in Predicting Volume and Direction in International Information Flow."  Gazette 19 (1973): 239-47.

---.  “An Analysis of News Flow from Developed and Developing Nations.”  Gazette 17 (1971): 29-43.

Hickey, Neil.  “Different Cultures, Different Coverage.”  Columbia Journalism Review online Mar./Apr. 2002  
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---. “Access denied: Pentagon’s war reporting rules are toughest ever.”  Columbia    Journalism Review Jan/Feb 2002: 26-31.

---.  “Ten Mistakes that led to the CNN/Time Fiasco.”  Columbia Journalism Review Sept./Oct. 1998: 26-32.

---.   “Money Lust.”  Columbia Journalism Review July/Aug. 1998: 28.

---.   “Can CBS News Come Back?” Columbia Journalism Review
Jan./Feb. 1998: 28.

---.   “Over There.”  Columbia Journalism Review Nov./Dec 1996: 53-6.

Hjarvard, Stig (ed.) News in a Globalized Society. Göteborg:  NORDICOM, 2001.

Hoge, J.F.  “The End of Predictability.” Media Studies Journal  9.1 (1995): 111.

Hoge, James F.  “Foreign News:  Who Gives a Damn?”  Columbia Journalism Review Nov./Dec. 1997: 48-52.

---.  “Media Pervasiveness.”  Foreign Affairs July/Aug 1994: 136-44.

Hohenberg, John. Foreign Correspondence: The Great Reporters and Their Times. 2nd
ed.  Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995.

Holguin, Lina Maria.  “The Media in Modern Peacekeeping.”  Peace Review  10 (1998):    639.

Hornik, Richard.  “A New Murrow.”  Media Studies Journalism 13.2(1999): 82.

Hughes, John.   “Pentagon and Press Can Both Do Their Job.” Christian Science Monitor 14 Nov. 2001.

Hunter, Jane.   “As Rwanda Bled, Media Sat on Their Hands.”  Extra! July/Aug. 1994 FAIR  12 Nov. 2002 <http://www.fair.org/extra/9407/rwanda.html>.

Husband, Charles (ed).  “General Introduction:  Ethnicity and Media Democratization within the Nation State.”  A Richer Version: The Development of Ethnic Minority Media in Western Democracies.  London:  UNESCO, John Libby, 1994.  

Husselbee, L. Paul and Guido H. Stempel III.  “Contrast in U.S. Media Coverage of Two Major Canadian Elections.”  Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 74   (1997 ) 591-601.

Iggers, Jeremy. Good News, Bad News.  Oxford:  Westview Press, 1998.

Ignatieff, Michael. Virtual War.  London: Chatto and Windus, 2000.

Jurkowitz, Mark. “What’s News: Marry a Multimillionaire: Soft News for the New Millennium.”  Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics  5.3(2000): 108-110.

Johnson, Melissa A.  “Predicting News Flow From Mexico.”  Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly  74 (1997): 315-330.

“IPI Accuses Bush Administration of Curving Media.”  Lexis-Nexis database 21 Feb. 2002.     Deutsche Presse-Agentur  1 Apr. 2002  <http://lexis-nexis.com>.

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