The process of reflection is crucial to higher order learning, deeper understanding, and applying theory to practice.

Reflection helps learners to:

  • Recall the purpose and goal of the assignment
  • Assess their own work based on those goals
  • Set specific new learning goals for themselves
  • Personalize their own learning experiences and take ownership for their learning
  • Examine critically what they have done, how they have done it, and what they have learned
  • Look back on their learning, make connections to their prior methodologies, and anticipate their next steps

When professors read their students’ reflections, they open a window into the learners’ minds as well as into their own teaching. Professors get immediate feedback—which can be often surprising—and it helps them adjust their instruction, if necessary, to the diversity of learning competencies in their classes.