ECE Seminar: Chul Kim

  • Starts: 11:00 am on Thursday, March 15, 2018
  • Ends: 12:00 pm on Thursday, March 15, 2018
ECE Seminar: Chul Kim Thursday, March 15, 2018 Chul Kim Postdoctoral Fellow University of California, San Diego Photonics Center, 8 Saint Mary's Street, Room 339 Refreshments will be available at 10:45am outside of PHO 339 Faculty Host: Ayse Coskun Title: Energy-Efficient Wireless Integrated Biomedical Circuit and Systems for High Density Modular Neural Interfaces and Body-Area Networks Abstract: Despite tremendous progress over the years, current brain-machine interface (BMI) systems are relatively bulky, highly invasive, and limited in their effectiveness except for highly constrained tasks such as moving a cursor on a computer screen. To improve performance of current BMI systems, it is necessary to dramatically increase spatial resolution and coverage across the brain without constraining the mobility of the subject. This calls for innovative approaches to high-density integrated neural recording and stimulation using non-invasive or minimally invasive microelectrode and custom silicon integrated circuits at extreme energy and area efficiency. To this end, my research aims at energy-efficient fully integrated miniaturized implants for electrocortical recording and stimulation, and unobtrusive body-area networks systems for subcutaneous power delivery and data communication, as fundamental building blocks to next generation BMI. I will present a fully wireless, encapsulated neural interface and acquisition chip (ENIAC) in 180nm silicon-on-insulator (SOI)complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology for 16-channel neural recording and stimulation including integrated 4x4 electrode array, coil antenna, and wireless power transfer and data telemetry without any external components, completely contained in less than 3mm3 volume suitable for minimally invasive surgical insertion on the cortical surface. A novel fully integrated wireless power receiver design with an RF-decoupled H-tree signal distribution network delivers 1mW power over 1 cm distance while mitigating RF interference in the sensitive analog front-end and acquisition circuits for recording of electrocorticography (ECoG) signals transmitted through the skull. Second, I will highlight a 1mm2 16-channel neural recording and acquisition system-on-chip in 65nm CMOS offering 92 dB input dynamic range and <1μVrms input-referred noise covering DC-500Hz signal bandwidth at 0.8μW power consumption per channel, offering a record 2.6 power efficiency factor (PEF). Validation with in vivo recordings in frontal cortex of marmoset primates reveals infra-slow (<0.1 Hz) local-field potentials (LFP)indicative of subject arousal during a visual attention task alternating with periods of rest and feeding. I will further present advances in cognitive radio baseband transceivers for ultra-low power RF wireless non-line-of-sight body-area network communication with spectral tuning and spatial selectivity across48MHz signal bandwidth at 1.2mW power. These technology advances combine to support further developments towards modular wireless, minimally invasive, whole-brain electrocortical recording at near-cellular resolution. Bio: Chul Kim received the Ph.D. degree in bioengineering in 2017 from UC San Diego, where hecurrently is a postdoctoral fellow.
Photonics Center, 8 Saint Mary's Street, Room 339

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