Refreshments served at 2:45 PM
The Role of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Addressing the World’s Energy Challenges
Abstract: The Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at Brookhaven National Laboratory in the United States provides state-of-the-art capabilities for the fabrication and study of nanoscale materials, with an emphasis on atomic-level tailoring to achieve desired properties and functions. The CFN is a science-based user facility, simultaneously developing strong scientific programs while offering broad access to its capabilities and collaboration through an active user program. The overarching scientific theme of the CFN is the development and understanding of nanoscale materials that address the Nations’ challenges in energy security, consistent with the Department of Energy mission. The CFN is one of five Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) funded by the Office of Science of the United States Department of Energy. The CFN supports Brookhaven’s goal of leadership in the development of advanced materials and processes for selected energy applications.
In my presentation, I will highlight the role that the CFN, through its scientific staff and this scientific user community, is playing in addressing the world’s energy challenges. I will focus on several trajectories of research that are being executed at CFN, including work on photovoltaics, novel nanostructured materials for catalysis, soft and biological materials, and our state-of-the-art electron microscopy and proximal probe microscopy facilities.
Biography: James H. Dickerson II completed his undergraduate education at Amherst College in 1994, receiving a BA in physics. He earned his Ph.D. in condensed matter physics from the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 2002, working with Emilio Mendez. He held a postdoctoral research scientist position at the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center of Columbia University from 2002 until 2004, working with Irving Herman. From 2004 through 2011, he was an Assistant Professor of Physics at Vanderbilt University. In 2011, he was promoted to Associate Professor of Physics and Associate Professor of Chemistry. In July 2013, he joined the Department of Physics at Brown University. Since June 2012, he has been the Assistant Director for the Center for Functional Nanomaterials at Brookhaven National Laboratory.
He serves on the Editorial Board of Materials Letters and has served as the Chair of the Committee on Minorities of the American Physical Society. His honors include a National Science Foundation CAREER Award, a Ralph E. Powe Junior Faculty Enhancement Award, and a W. Burghardt Turner Fellowship.
Dickerson investigates emerging techniques for the assembly and deposition of colloidal nanocrystalline materials into thin films and heterostructures, employing dc and/or ac electric fields to transport and to deposit nanomaterials onto conducting and semiconducting substrates. His research interests also involve the fundamental correlation among the size, the arrangement of atoms, and the optical and magnetic properties that are exhibited within nanocrystalline materials, particularly rare earth sesquioxide and rare earth chalcogenide nanocrystals. This involves the fabrication, electron microscopic characterization, and the physical (optical and magnetic) characterization of a variety of nanomaterials, focusing on lanthanide-based nanocrystals and transition metal oxide nanomaterials. Dickerson was the co-editor of Electrophoretic Deposition of Nanomaterials (Springer Books), the first comprehensive reference book on the subject.
Faculty Host: Anna Swan
Student Host: Thomas Villalon