Selected Publications by Rachael Garrett

*Denotes current or former postdoc or student.

Visit Professor Garrett’s webpage for current listings.


Lambin EF, Gibbs HK, Heilmayr R, Carlson KM, Fleck LC, Garrett RD, le polain de Waroux Y, McDermott CL, McLaughlin D, Newton P, Nolte C, Pacheco P, Rausch LL, Streck C, Thorlakson T, Walker NF, 2018. “The role of supply-cyain initiatives in reducing deforestation.” Nature Climate Change 8, 109-116.

Niles M, Garrett RD, Walsh D, 2018. “Ecological and Economic Benefits and Challenges for Integrating Sheep into Viticulture Production.” Agronomy for Sustainable Development 38, no. 1.


Garrett RD, T Gardner, T Fonseca, S Marchand, J Barlow, DE de Blas, J Ferreira, AC Lees, L Parry, 2017. “Explaining the persistence of low income and environmentally degrading land uses in the Brazilian Amazon.” Ecology and Society 22, no. 3. doi:10.5751/ES-09364-220327.

le Polain de Waroux Y, RD Garrett, JG Graesser, C Nolte, C White, EF Lambin, 2017. “The restructuring of South American soy and beef production and trade under changing environmental regulations.” World Development.

Garrett RD, TM Niles, JDB Gil, A Gaudin, R Chaplin-Kramer, A Assmann, TS Assmann, K Brewer, PC de Faccio Carvalho, O Cortner, R Dynes, K Garbach, E Kebreab, N Mueller, C Peterson, JC Reis, V Snow, J Valentim, 2017. “Social and ecological analysis of commercial integrated crop livestock systems: Current knowledge and remaining uncertainty.” Agricultural Systems 155.

Garrett RD, M Niles, J Gil, P Dy, J Reis, J Valentim, 2017. “Policies for Reintegrating Crop and Livestock Systems: A Comparative Analysis.” Sustainability 9, no. 3. doi:10.3390/su9030473.


Rueda, X., Garrett, R. D., Lambin, E. F., 2016. “Corporate investments in supply chain sustainability: Selecting instruments in the agri-food industry.” Journal of Cleaner Production.

Gil, J.D.B., Garrett, R., Berger,T., 2016.“Determinants of crop-livestock integration in Brazil: Evidence from the household and regional levels.” Land Use Policy, 59:557-568.

le Polain de Waroux, Y. L., Garrett, R. D., Heilmayr R., Lambin E.F. (2016). Land-use policies and corporate investments in agriculture in the Gran Chaco and Chiquitano. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1602646113

Garrett, R., Gil, J. and Valentim, J., Forthcoming. Transferência de tecnologia: desafios e oportunidades para adoção de ILPF na Amazonia” (Technology transfer: challenges and opportunities for the adoption of integrated crop-livestock-forestry systems in the Amazon). In Integrated crop-livestock-forestry systems: a Brazilian experience for sustainable farming. Eds. D. J. Bungenstab, R. G. Almeida, V. A. Laura, and L. C. Balbino, Brasilia: Embrapa.

Garrett, R.*, Carlson, K.*, Rueda, X. and Noojipady, P., In Press. “What is the additionality in avoided deforestation provided by the Round Table on Responsible Soybeans and Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil. Environmental Research Letters. 11.4. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/045003

*First authorship shared equally. Special issue on “Food, Trade, and Environment”


Garrett, R., & Rausch, L. (2015). Green for gold: social and ecological tradeoffs influencing the sustainability of the Brazilian soy industry. The Journal of Peasant Studiesdoi: 10.1080/03066150.2015.1010077

Valentim, J. and Garrett, R. 2015 “Promoção do bem-estar dos produtores familiares com uso de sistemas de produção agropecuários e florestais de baixo carbono no bioma Amazônia” (Promoting the well-being of family farmers with the use of low carbon agriculture and forestry systems in the Amazon biome). In Caminhos para uma agricultura familiar sob bases ecológicas: produzindo com baixa emissão de carbono. Eds. Azevedo, A. A.; Campanilli, M.; Pereira, C., Brasília: IPAM.

Garrett, R. and Latiewec, A. 2015. “Sustainability indicators – What are they for? In Sustainability Indicators in Practice Eds. A. Latiewec and D. Agol. Warsaw: De Grutyer.


Garrett, R., Rueda, X., & Lambin, E. (2013). Globalization’s Unexpected Impact on Soybean Production in South America: Linkages between Preferences for Non-Genetically Modified Crops, Eco-Certifications, and Land Use. Environmental Research Letters, 8(4): 044055. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/4/044055

Garrett, R. D., Lambin, E. F., & Naylor, R. L. (2013). The new economic geography of land use change: supply chain configurations and land use in the Brazilian Amazon. Land Use Policy, 34: 265-275. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.03.011

Gardner, T., Ferreira, J., Barlow, J. Lees, A., Parry, L. Viera, C. Berenguer, E., Garrett, R. et al. (2013). A social and ecological assessment of tropical land-uses at multiple scales: the Sustainable Amazon Network. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society – B, 368: 1619. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0166


Garrett, R. D., Lambin, E. F., & Naylor, R. L. (2012). Land institutions and supply chains as determinants of local soy planted area and yields. Land Use Policy, 31: 385-396 doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.08.002


Martinelli, L., Garrett, R., Ferraz, S., & Naylor, R., (2011). Sugar and Ethanol Production as a Rural Development Strategy in Brazil: Evidence from the State of São Paulo. Agricultural Systems, 104(5): 419–428. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2011.01.006