600 Level

GE 600 Environment and Development: A Political Ecology Approach

Theory and practice of development with an explicit focus on environmental issues. Introduces history of development and the environment; explores select themes in development and environmental studies (e.g. rural livelihoods, conservation, urbanization, and climate change); and considers alternative development paradigms.

GE 612 Global Climate and Environmental Impact

Prereq: CAS GE 101 or equivalent. Regimes of climates on continental and macroregional scales; classification, geographic distribution, and climatic thresholds of given environments. Impact of climatic fluctuations affecting activities of humankind. Modeling global climate to permit predicting change on regional and global scales ins introduced.

GE 620 Methods of Environmental Policy Analysis

Prereq: ES 101, MA 121, GE 309, and GE 425 (or equivalents). Analysis of environmental policy, the implications of environmental problems for public decision-making, the tools available to decision-makers, and their effectiveness, advantages, and disadvantages.

ES 623 Marine Biogeochemistry (4 credits, Spring, offered alternate years)

Prereq: ES 306 and one year of college chemistry or BUMP semester. Oceanic nutrient and biogeochemical cycling in the context of the marine response to global change. Links between local and global scales are emphasized. Topics include oceanic productivity, iron limitation, and oceanic glacial-interglacial biogeochemistry. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion.
Instructor: Fulweiler or Murray

GE 625 United States Environmental Policy

Prereq: CAS EC101 and CAS GE 309. Survey and historical overview of key environmental policies and regulations in the United States. Emphasis on policy development, including formulation and implementation of federal pollution control regulations since the National Environmental Policy Act of 1970. Considers possible future policy needs.

GE 640 Digital Image Processing Remote Sensing

Prereq: CAS GE 302 or equivalent. At least introductory statistics (and preferably multivariate statistics) recommended. This course pursues both the algorithms involved in processing remote sensing images and their application. Topics include preprocessing, image transformations, image classification and segmentation, spectral mixture analysis, and change detection. Examples cover a wide range of environmental applications of remote sensing. Students do a project. Meets with GE 440.

ES 640 Marine Geology (4 credits, Fall or Spring)

Examines the evolution of ocean basins and marginal seas, changes in structure and composition of ocean basins throughout the last one billion years, and the contribution of oceanic geological processes to the chemistry and biochemistry of the Earth.
Instructor: Staff

ES 643 Terrestrial Biogeochemistry (4 credits, Fall or Spring)

Prereq: BI 107 or ES 101 or ES 105, and CH 101/102, or consent of instructor. The patterns and processes controlling carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Links between local and global scales are emphasized. Topics include net primary production, nutrient use efficiency, and biogeochemical transformation. Meets with BI 643.
Instructor: Finzi

GE 645 Physical Models of Remote Sensing

Prereq: CAS GE 302 or equivalent. Devoted to understanding the physical processes involved in remote sensing. Emphasis based on topics of radiative transfer in the atmosphere, at the surface, and in sensors. Reflectance modeling, advanced sensor systems, and geometric effects. A short research paper is required.

GE 648 Remote Sensing of Vegetation

Prereq: CAS GE 302 or equivalent. Examines the use of remote sensing to study vegetation. Topics addressed include resource inventory and evaluation for forests and agriculture; ecosystem processes like primary productivity and biogeochemical cycles; and spectural reflectance measurement and models. A research paper is required (offered alternate years).

GE 656 Terrestrial Ecosystems & the Carbon Cycle

Prereq: CAS GE 100, 101, or 104, college level statistics (CAS MA 113, MA 115, MA 213, or equivalent), and one of the following: BI 306, BI 443, or GE 530. Or, consent of instructor. The course is directed at graduate students interested in global environmental change and undergraduates with a solid science background interested in pursuing an environmental career. In this class we will focus on applying the fundamentals of climate science, ecosystems ecology, and biogeochemistry to explore the past, present, and possible future dynamics of the carbon cycle.

ES 660 Geodynamics I (4 credits, Spring)

Prereq: graduate standing and an introductory course in Earth Sciences and PY 211 or 251 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. Introduces basic physical principles of Earth’s structure and dynamics. Driving mechanisms and plate motion; reflection, refraction seismology, magnetism, gravity and the Geoid, heat flow, tomography, mantle convection. Oceanic and continental lithosphere in active tectonic regions. Meets with ES 360.

GE 660 Resource Economics and Policy

Prereq: CAS GE 309 and CAS MA 121; CAS EC 201, EC 371, MA 122 recommended. Economic analysis of environmental resources and policies for their management. Introduces dynamic optimization as a tool for understanding and analyzing both resource scarcity and the management of energy, fishery, and forestry resources for sustainability.

ES 671 Geochemistry (4 credits, Fall)

Prereq: graduate standing and an introductory course in Earth Sciences and CH 101 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. Chemical features of Earth and the solar system; geochemical cycles, reactions among solids, liquids, and gases; radioactivity and isotope fractionation; water chemistry; origins of ore deposits; applications of geochemistry to regional and global problems. Meets with ES 371.
Instructor: Staff

GE 675 Urban Ecology

This course explores the biophysical environments and ecology of urban settlements. Key topics covered include the physical environment (particularly climate & water), patterns in human population growth and development, ecosystem structure and function (net primary productivity, soils, nutrients cycling, organismal populations), global change (urban growth, disturbance, climate change), urban environment pollution and management (air and water quality), and sustainable urban development policies and regulations.

ES 683 Geodynamics II: Fluids and Fluid Transport (4 credits, Fall, offered alternate years)

Prereq: MA 124 or 127 or 129 and PY 211 and ES 360, or consent of instructor. Large- and small-scale phenomena in oceanic, atmospheric, and land-surface fluids. Properties of gases and liquids; surface body forces; statics; flow analysis; continuity and momentum conservation. Darcy’s Law; potential, open channel and geostrophic flow; dimensional analysis; diffusion, turbulence.
Instructor: Salvucci

GE 699 Teaching College Geography I

The goals, contents, and methods of instruction in geography. General teaching-learning issues. Required of all teaching fellows. 2 cr, 1st & 2nd sem.

ES 699 Teaching College Earth Sciences (2 credits, Fall and Spring)

Required of all teaching fellows. The goals, contents, and methods of instruction in Earth Sciences. General teaching-learning issues.
Instructor: Staff