All courses are 4 credits unless otherwise noted.

As of Fall 2020, all courses have been recoded from “ES” and “GE” to “EE.”

EE 100 Environmental Change & Sustainability

Introduces natural and social science concepts that underlie global environmental change and sustainability. Topics include climate change, biodiversity, energy, water, pollution, deforestation, agriculture, population growth. Sustainable development illustrated with ecological footprint based on student’s lifestyle. CAS social science divisional credit. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry I, Ethical Reasoning. Offered every semester.

EE 101 Natural Environments: The Atmosphere

An introduction to weather and climate. Topics include the controls of weather and climate, day-to-day variations in weather, severe storms, climates of the world, urban climate and air pollution, past climates and climatic change, and the impact of climatic variations on society. Offered every Spring. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I.

EE 105 Crises of Planet Earth

After covering the origin of the universe, earth and life, the course examines two topics: natural hazards, including earthquakes and volcanoes; and human impacts on Earth, including climate change, ozone depletion, pollution, and increasing demands on mineral and energy resources. Offered at least every Fall. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 107 Introduction to Climate & Earth System Science

Introduction to the Earth as an integrated system composed of interacting biosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere, and atmosphere subsystems. Major themes include earth system stability, instability and capacity for change on all time scales, including human-induced climate change. Offered every semester.This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 142 Introduction to Beach & Shoreline Processes

Coastal processes, including tidal currents, wave action, longshore transport, and estuarine circulation; barrier island and spit formation; study of beaches, dunes, and marshes; effects of tectonics, glaciers, and rivers on beaches and coastal morphology. Cape Cod field trip. Offered every Spring. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Ethical Reasoning, Critical Thinking.

EE 144 Oceanography

Examines the physical, geological, chemical, and biological processes that govern the oceans with a focus on how the ocean is impacted by and also moderates the pace of global change. Dynamic nature of the oceans on both a short- and a long-term scale is emphasized. Offered every Fall. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Ethical Reasoning. )

EE 150 Sustainable Energy: Technology, Resources, Society, & Environment

Examines the social, environmental, and technological aspects of renewable and nonrenewable energy systems. Discusses energy issues in context of globalization, climate change, and sustainable development. Explores lifestyle and policy decisions related to energy issues. Offered every Fall. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Scientific Inquiry I, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 201 World Regional Geography

Overview of the special combination of environmental, historical, economic, and organizational qualities of the regions of the Old World including Western and Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, East and South Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Emphasis on current issues of regional and global development. Offered every semester. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Social Inquiry I, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 250 The Fate of Nations: Climate, Resources, & Institutions

Environmental contribution to the rise and fall of civilizations. Focus is on how the environment influenced the ideas and organization of societies, and how those ideas and power structures allowed the society to flourish or collapse. Interdisciplinary approach that unites ideas from history, ecology, and economics. Offered every other Fall. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy.

EE 270 Data, Models, and Analysis in Earth & Environment

Prerequisites: EE 107 or EE 100 (or equivalent), or consent of instructor. Introduces key questions, types and sources of data, and analytical methods in earth and environment, and introduces students to an array of quantitative methods from both the natural- and social-science disciplines. Offered every semester. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning I, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 300 Earth’s Rocky Materials

After a short foray into the atom, mineral properties, and crystal structures, this course, utilizing an Earth Systems approach, begins its exploration with the mineral phases of the core and deep mantle. Crustal mineralogy and petrology follows, including minerals, and the rocks that contain them, produced from both magmatic and metamorphic processes. Subsequent sections investigate near-surface hydrothermal systems and minerals and rocks produced in surface (sedimentary) processes. The final sections will look at the mineralogy of the biosphere, including extreme life, and mineral health issues. Offered every Spring. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Quantitative Reasoning I.

EE 302 Remote Sensing of the Environment

Prerequisites: EE 100 or EE 101 or EE 105 or EE 107 or PY 105. Introduction to sensor systems, methodology of remote sensing, and basic concepts of image analysis. Presents the ways in which remotely sensed data can be used in scientific investigations and resource management. Offered every Fall. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Digital/Multimedia Expression, Teamwork/Collaboration.

EE 304 Environmentally Sustainable Development

Traces the emergence of sustainable development as the defining environmental challenge of our times. Surveys and evaluates policies for balancing ecological sustainability and economic development in various parts of the world and at the global level. Also offered as IR 304. Offered every semester. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 305 Earth Structure

Prerequisites: EE 107. Foundations of rock deformation and structural geology in a plate tectonics context. Emphasizes identification and analysis of rock structures in hand sample and in the field, collection and interpretation of 2D and 3D structural data, and synthesis of geologic histories. Offered every other Fall.

EE 308 Introduction to Global Resource Geopolitics: Natural Resources, Development, & Conflict

Introduces students to the relationship between natural resources, geopolitics, and conflict. Examines the effect of this relationship on development, peace, and security around the globe. Emphasis on conflict minerals, energy commodities, and technology metals. Also offered as IR 308. Taught in Summer by International Relations faculty.

EE 309 Intermediate Environmental Analysis & Policy

Prerequisites: EE 100 and EC 101. Introduction to economic and environmental theory critical to the formulation and evaluation of environmental resource policy. This theory is applied to real-world analysis of climate change, population growth, oil supplies, energy use, and globalization. Offered every Spring.

EE 310 Climate & the Environment

Prerequisites: MA 123 or equivalent; PY 211 or equivalent; and either EE 100, EE 105, or EE 107. Understanding physical processes of the atmosphere, ranging in scale from tornadoes to global winds. Emphasis on providing physical explanations of atmospheric phenomena and impact of weather on humanity. Satellite and weather modification technology. Offered every Fall. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Oral and/or Signed Communication, Digital/Multimedia Expression, Creativity/Innovation.

EE 317 Introduction to Hydrology

Prerequisites: EE 105 or EE 107 or EE 140 or EE 142 or EE 144; MA 121, 123, or 127, or consent of instructor. Introduction to the science of hydrology and to the role of water as a resource, a hazard, and an integral component of the Earth’s climatic, biological, and geological systems. Offered every Spring. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry I, Quantitative Reasoning I, Teamwork/Collaboration.

EE 331 Sedimentology

Prerequisites: EE 105 or EE 107 or EE 140 or EE 142 or EE 144, or consent of instructor. Properties and classification of clastic and carbonate sediments and sedimentary rock; processes that form, transport, and deposit sediments; environments of deposition; diagenesis; methods of analysis. Three hours lecture, three hours lab, and occasional field trips. Offered every Fall. This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Scientific Inquiry I.

EE 347 Water & the Environment

Examines global water resource systems, with emphasis on questions of culture, development, gender, social inequality, politics. Analyzes social relations and historical legacies that shape water infrastructure, distribution, and meaning. Cases from Africa, Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, South America. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Social Inquiry II, Critical Thinking.

EE 351 Paleoclimatology & Paleoceanography

Prerequisites: EE 105 or EE 107 or EE 140 or EE 142 or EE 144. EE 101 recommended. Examines causes and effects of climate change throughout Earth’s history. Topics include ice age climates and glaciations; oceanic history; linkages between Arctic and Antarctic ice sheets; tectonic effects; ice-core, coral, and marine sediment records; El Niño; terrestrial extinctions. Offered every other Spring.

EE 365 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Prerequisites: MA 115 or equivalent. Practical hands-on computing experience using GIS for analyzing data from maps and other sources. Analytical functions unique to GIS are emphasized, as are applications in archaeology, land use planning, environmental monitoring, and other fields. Offered every Spring.

EE 371 Introduction to Geochemistry

Prerequisites: EE 105 or EE 107 or EE 140 or EE 142 or EE 144; and CH 101. Chemical features of Earth and the solar system; geochemical cycles, reactions among solids, liquids, and gases; radioactivity and isotope fractionation; water chemistry; origins of ore deposits; applications of geochemistry to regional and global problems. Meets with EE 671. Offered every other Spring.

EE 375 Introduction to Quantitative Environmental Modeling

Prerequisites: MA 115 or MA 213 or equivalent. Introduces students to quantitative models of environmental systems. Emphasizes application of quantitative models to environmental problem solving. Includes computer exercises with examples from current environmental issues such as population growth, pollution transport, and biodiversity. Offered every semester. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Digital/Multimedia Expression.

EE 382 Understanding the Middle East

Introduces the contemporary Middle East, Including the Arab world, Iran Israel, and Turkey; examines the systems of government; the roles of external powers; the origins of the state system; the sources and objectives of opposition forces; the prospects for political reform including democratization; and the prospects for future cooperation or conflict. Also offered as HI 394. Taught by History faculty. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Historical Consciousness, Critical Thinking.

EE 394 Environmental History of Africa

Focus on the African environment and ecological systems over the past 150 years. Topics include climatic change, hydrography, agriculture, deforestation, soil erosion, disease, conservation, famine,and the role of colonialism and government policy in environmental change. Also offered as HI 351. Taught by History faculty. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Global Citizenship and Intercultural Literacy, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 395, 396 Sustainability Science: Earth House Practicum 1, 2

Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and residency in Earth House. Learn and live sustainability through theory and practice in BU’s Earth House. Explore and enact options to enhance sustainability through technology, policy and behavioral change. Propose specific actions toward achieving the longer-term goal of a carbon-neutral Earth House. Offered every Fall and Spring, respectively. EE 395 fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Scientific Inquiry II. EE 396 fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Ethical Reasoning.

EE 400 Environment & Development: A Political Ecology Approach

Prerequisite: Senior standing or consent of instructor. Theory and practice of development with an explicit focus on environmental issues. Introduces history of development and the environment; explores select themes in development and environmental studies (e.g. rural livelihoods, conservation, urbanization, and climate change); and considers alternative development paradigms. Meets with EE 600. Offered every Fall.

EE 401 and 402 Senior Independent Work

Prerequisite: Departmental approval for Independent Research for Honors in Earth & Environment. Available every semester, including Summer.

EE 420 Methods of Environmental Policy Analysis

Prerequisites: EC 101 and MA 121 or 123. Introduction to the analysis of environmental policy, the implications of environmental problems for public decision-making, the tools available to decision-makers, and their effectiveness, advantages, and disadvantages. Meets with EE 620. Offered every Fall.

EE 422 Aquatic Optics & Remote Sensing

Prerequisites: EE 107 and EE 270 (or MA 213); or consent of instructor. EE 302 is recommended. An introduction to the use of optical measurements and remote sensing to study the biogeochemistry and water quality of aquatic environments. Covers fundamental concepts and measurements in optics/remote sensing and provides hands-on experience with real data. Meets with EE 622. Offered every Spring.

EE 423 Marine Biogeochemistry

Prerequisites: CH 101 and 102, admission to BUMP or EE 144, or consent of instructor. Over the past decades biogeochemistry has become an essential tool to further our understanding of human impacts on the globe. In this class we discuss coastal and open ocean biogeochemical cycling and how these cycles have been altered by global change. An emphasis is placed on the linkages between local and global scales. We also discuss how biogeochemical tools help unravel various environmental questions. Topics include, but are not limited to marine primary production, iron limitation and fertilization as a response to climate change, oceanic glacial-interglacial biogeochemical cycles, biogeochemical cycles in wetlands and mangroves, and impacts of nutrient pollution on the coastal ocean. Meets with EE 623 and BI 623. Also offered as BI 423. Offered every Fall.

EE 425 United States Environmental Policy

Prerequisite: CAS EE 309. Survey and historical overview of key environmental policies and regulations in the United States. Emphasis on policy development, including formulation and implementation of federal pollution control regulations since the National Environmental Policy Act of 1970. Considers possible future policy needs. Meets with EE 625. Offered every Spring.

EE 442 Radar Remote Sensing

Prerequisite: EE 502. An introduction to radar imaging concepts, systems, and basic applications, including technical fundamentals, interpretation techniques, and aids. Applications include topographic mapping, land use, and earth science. Laboratory exercises included. Meets with EE 642. Not currently in rotation.

EE 443 Terrestrial Biogeochemistry

Prerequisites: BI 107 or EE 105 or EE 107 and CH 101/102, or consent of instructor. The patterns and processes controlling carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Links between local and global scales are emphasized. Topics include net primary production, nutrient use efficiency, and biogeochemical transformation. Meets with EE 643 and BI 643. Also offered as BI 443. Taught by Biology faculty.

EE 444 Digital Image Processing – Remote Sensing

Prerequisite: CAS EE 302 or equivalent. At least introductory statistics (and preferably multivariate statistics) recommended. This course pursues both the algorithms involved in processing remote sensing images and their application. Topics include preprocessing, image transformations, image classification and segmentation, spectral mixture analysis, and change detection. Examples cover a wide range of environmental applications of remote sensing. Students do a project. Meets with EE 644. Offered every Spring.

EE 445 Physical Models in Remote Sensing

Prerequisites: EE 302 or equivalent. Devoted to understanding the physical processes involved in remote sensing. Emphasis based on topics of radiative transfer in the atmosphere, at the surface, and in sensors. Reflectance modeling, advanced sensor systems, and geometric effects. Meets with EE 645. Offered every other Fall.

EE 446 Remote Sensing of the Lower Atmosphere

Prerequisites: EE 302 and EE 310 or consent of instructor. Remote sensing has transformed the study of Earth’s atmosphere. Learn the principles of retrieving meteorological parameters (humidity, temperature, precipitation) and key atmospheric constituents (clouds, greenhouse gases, aerosol) from satellite observations. Explore applications to climate change, disaster monitoring, and public health. Meets with EE 646. Offered every other Fall.

EE 447 Marine Geology

Prerequisite: Any 100-level EE course or consent of instructor. Examines the evolution of ocean basins and marginal seas, changes in structure and composition of ocean basins throughout the last billion years, and the contribution of oceanic geological processes to the chemistry and biochemistry of Earth. Meets with EE 647. Offered every Spring.

EE 456 Terrestrial Ecosystems & the Carbon Cycle

Prerequisites: EE 100 or EE 101 or EE 105 or EE 107; (MA 113 or MA 115 or MA 213; BI 306 or BI 443 or EE 530; or consent of instructor. The course is directed at graduate students interested in global environmental change and undergraduates with a solid science background interested in pursuing an environmental career. In this class we will focus on applying the fundamentals of climate science, ecosystems ecology, and biogeochemistry to explore the past, present, and possible future dynamics of the carbon cycle. Meets with EE 656. Offered every other Spring.

EE 460 Food, Energy, & Water Policy

Prerequisite: EE 420 (may be taken concurrently); or consent of instructor. Economic and policy analysis of how to manage ecosystems for the provision of food, energy, and water. Introduces cost-benefit analysis, dynamic optimization, and ecosystem service valuation as tools for understanding the optimal management of ecosystems and tradeoffs. Meets with EE 660. Offered every Fall.

EE 475 Urban Ecology

This course explores the biophysical environments and ecology of urban settlements. Key topics covered include the physical environment (particularly climate & water), patterns in human population growth and development, ecosystem structure and function (net primary productivity, soils, nutrients cycling, organismal populations), global change (urban growth, disturbance, climate change), urban environment pollution and management (air and water quality), and sustainable urban development policies and regulations.  Meets with EE 675 and BI 675. Also offered as BI 475. Offered every other Spring.

EE 483 Geodynamics II: Fluids & Fluid Transport

Prerequisites: MA 124 or MA 127 or MA 129, and CAS PY 211; or consent of instructor. Large- and small-scale phenomena in oceanic, atmospheric, and landsurface fluids. Properties of gases and liquids; surface and body forces; statics; flow analysis; continuity and momentum conservation. Darcy’s Law; potential, open channel, and geostrophic flow; dimensional analysis; diffusion, turbulence. Meets with EE 683. Offered every other Spring.

EE 491, 492 Directed Study

Prerequisite: junior or senior standing and consent of instructor. Credits can vary. Individual instruction and directed research of a selected topic. Available every semester, including Summer.

EE 501 Advanced Topics in Remote Sensing

Prerequisite: EE 302. Examines advanced concepts in radiative transfer and information extraction relevant to remote sensing. Emphasis on applications of digital image processing to remote sensing problems. Offered every Fall.

EE 503 Micrometeorology: Energy & Mass Transfer at the Earth’s Surface

Prerequisites: EE 310, MA 121, and PY 233. Modern theories and techniques for measurement and analysis of physical processes occurring at the Earth’s surface: radiation regimes; energy and mass exchange; agricultural and forest micrometeorology, remote sensing, and modeling of land surface properties and processes. Offered every other Spring.

EE 504 Physical Climatology

Prerequisite: EE 310 or consent of instructor. Physical factors and processes operating in the earth-atmosphere boundary zone. Solar radiation, expotranspiration, and water balance studies for various natural and cultural environments. Examples include bioclimates of vegetation, air-sea interaction, urban climate, physiologic climatic parameters, and climatic change. Offered every other Spring.

EE 505 Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Prerequisites: EE 365 and MA 213. Provides a theoretical and practical introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Introduces the essentials in GIS, methods of data capture and sources of data, nature and characteristics of spatial data and objects, data structures, modeling surfaces, volumes and time, and data uncertainty. Emphasis is on applications. Laboratory exercises included. Offered every Fall.

EE 506 Global Resource Geopolitics

Students explore in-depth the relationship between conflict, natural resources, development, and security, and practice developing solutions to complex problems. Analyzes the most contentious themes in the political economy of resources: violence, population, energy, and agro-food production. Also offered as IR 512. Taught by International Relations faculty.

EE 507 Dynamical Oceanography

Prerequisites: MA 124 or MA 127; and PY 211. Introduction to the physical ocean system. Physical properties of seawater; essential ocean dynamics; mixing and stirring in the ocean; simple waves; observed current systems and water masses; and coupled atmosphere-ocean variability. Offered every other Fall.

EE 508 Data Science for Conservation Decisions

Prerequisites: EE 270 or equivalent; EE 375 or equivalent; or consent of instructor. Recommended: EE 365 or 505 or other introduction to geospatial data processing; and EE 420 or other introduction to optimization. Application of quantitative methods to support conservation decisions. Ecosystem value mapping, systematic conservation planning, policy instrument design, rigorous impact evaluation, decision theory, data visualization. Implementations in state-of-the-art open-source software. Real-life case studies from the U.S. and abroad. Offered every Spring. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Digital/Multimedia Expression, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 509 Applied Environmental Statistics

Survey of modern probability-based statistical methods in environmental science. Core concepts in likelihood and Bayesian approaches are used to address spatial, time-series, and latent variable models and non-Gaussian, non-linear, heterogenous, and missing data. Project-based course focused on applications to data. Offered every other Spring. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Philosophical Inquiry and Life’s Meanings, Writing-Intensive Course.

EE 510 Physical Principles of the Environment

Principles and concepts underlying the physical and ecological forces that cause environmental change. Topics include soil erosion, acid rain, thermal pollution, greenhouse effect, stratospheric ozone depletion, and loss of biodiversity. Offered every other Fall.

EE 511 Introduction to the Atmospheric Boundary Layer

Prerequisites: EE 310; two semesters of calculus (MA 123 and 124, or 127, or 129), one semester of statistics (MA 213, or EE 270, or equivalent), one semester of physics (PY 211 or 251); or consent of instructor. Covers the basic dynamics of the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL), with a focus on the ABL processes and modeling. Introduces statistical descriptions of turbulent flows in the atmosphere and the connection between the ABL and other environment/climate system processes. Offered every third Spring.

EE 512 Urban Climate

Prerequisites: one semester of physics (PY 211, 212, or 251); one semester of calculus (MA 123 or 124, or 127, or 129) is recommended; or consent of instructor. Introduction to urban microclimate within the context of global climate change. Basic climate processes in urban systems; urban heat islands; mixing and dispersion; modeling and observational techniques; anthropogenic emissions; climate change impacts on cities; mitigation and adaptation. Offered every third Fall.

EE 514 Dynamic Land Surface Hydrology

Prerequisites: MA 121 or MA 123 or MA 127 and one of: CH 101, CH 111, CH 131, CH 161, CH 171, or PY 105, PY 211, PY 233, PY 251. Land surface hydrology with emphasis on the unsaturated zone. Development and applications of physics governing transport of water, vapor, and heat in soils and the near surface atmosphere. Effects of vegetation, topography, and water table on runoff, evapotranspiration, and recharge. Offered every third Fall.

EE 516 Multivariate Analysis for Geographers

Prerequisite: EE 375, MA 214 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. Applications of multivariate techniques to problems in spatial context, emphasizing interpretation. Review of regression and analysis of variance. Introduction to topics including canonical correlation, factor analysis, discriminant and clustering analyses. Offered every Fall.

EE 519 Energy, Society, & the Environment

Prerequisite: EE 304 or equivalent. Focus on applied political economy and the intersection of policy, energy systems, and environmental systems. Project based learning,with an emphasis on energy technology and obstacles to deployment. Offered every Spring.

EE 521 Law for Sustainability

Survey of the major features of environmental law and relevant procedural and constitutional issues. Comparison of practical realities (political, economic, social, geographic, biological) with the ideal context for what should be. Projects include legal research and mock advocacy. Offered every Fall.

EE 522 The Development of Sustainable Environmental Responsibility

In-depth look at environmental policy and decision-making: how society addresses environmental problems. Includes discussion of the environmental movement, law, science, technology, economics, and international relations. Examines new issues facing environmental professionals and approaches to creating a sustainable world. Offered every Spring.

EE 523 Marine Urban Ecology

Marine urban ecology is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that aims to understand how human and ecological processes can coexist in human-dominated systems. Topics, ecosystems, and organisms associated with urbanization in the Greater Boston area. Taught by Biology faculty. This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Teamwork/Collaboration.

EE 524 Environmental Justice

Prerequisite: junior standing or consent of instructor. Exploration of the origins of and current trends in environmental justice activism and scholarship. Introduces empirical evidence of environmental (in)justice, links contemporary environmental problems to historical and broader political-economic processes, and explores a range of responses to environmental injustice. Offered every Spring.

EE 525 Plant Physiological Ecology

Prerequisite: BI 303 or BI 306 or BI 305, and CH 101, PY 211, or equivalent. In-depth treatment of eco-physiological responses of plants and communities to environmental factors and climate change, as well as plant and community level impacts on the environment as manifested primarily in hydrologic, energy, and carbon cycles. Offered every other Fall.

EE 529 Modeling & Monitoring Terrestrial Ecosystems Processes

Prerequisites: EE 302; BI 306 or 303 (or equivalents). Concepts and problems at the interface of ecosystem process modeling and satellite remote sensing; current methods and challenges in modeling terrestrial primary production at regional-to-global scales; capabilities, limitations, and prospects of satellite remote sensing as a tool for collecting biotic and abiotic data in ecosystem process studies. Offered every other Fall.

EE 530 Forest Ecology

Prerequisites: BI 107 and BI 303 or BI 306, or consent of instructor. The major biotic and abiotic factors influencing forest ecosystem composition, structure and function. Role of solar radiation, hydrology, soils, succession, and management of forest ecosystems. Includes New England case study. Three hours lecture plus discussion. Also offered as BI 530. Taught by Biology faculty.

EE 531 Risk Assessment

Prerequisites: BI 107 and MA 213, or consent of instructor. Topics vary from year to year and may include the policy aspects of environmental regulation, risk assessment and environmental decision-making, international environmental policy, natural resource policy, and energy policy. Offered every Spring.

EE 533 Quantitative Geomorphology

Prerequisites: EE 317 or EE 331 or EE 333, and MA 124. Quantitative analyses of surface processes that lead to landform evolution and landscape change. Emphasizes study of analytical techniques in understanding specific depositional and erosional processes; models of global landscape change; tectonic and climatic geomorphology. Offered every other Spring. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Quantitative Reasoning II, Oral and/or Signed Communication, Creativity/Innovation.

EE 535 Global Land Conservation: Theory & Practice

Prerequisites: junior standing or consent of instructor. In-depth treatment of the theory and practice of global land conservation. Global drivers of ecosystem degradation. Scale and effectiveness of public and private responses. Implementation of instruments, including regulatory, market-based, community-driven, and supply-chain approaches. International and domestic case studies. Offered every Spring. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Oral and/or Signed Communication, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 538 Research for Environmental Agencies & Organizations II

Students gain professional experience by working in teams on research projects that assist environmental and public health officials in achieving the missions of their agencies. Research areas may include solar energy, environmental justice, toxics, water quality, and lead poisoning. Offered every semester. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Social Inquiry II, The Individual in Community, Teamwork/Collaboration.

EE 539 Coral Reef Dynamics: Shallow Waters, Deep Time

Prerequisite: admission to BUMP. Tropical reefs– diverse, complex, and ancient– exhibit lawful cycles of growth, degradation, and regeneration. Explore these through observations on the Belize Barrier Reef in fossil reef environments and through laboratory experiments. Insights are applied to reef conservation in today’s changing world. Also offered as BI 539. Taught by Biology faculty. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Scientific Inquiry II, Creativity/Innovation.

EE 540 Atmospheric Chemistry & Global Change

Prerequisites: CH 101; MA 123 (MA 124 recommended); EE 270 or equivalent statistics course. An introduction to the chemistry and physics of atmospheric pollution, and the impacts of air pollution on human welfare and the environment. Highlights the interactions between air quality, the biosphere, climate, and sustainable development. Offered every Spring.

EE 543 Estuaries & Nearshore Systems

Prerequisites: EE 331 or EE 440 or consent of instructor. Physical and ecological processes interacting in estuarine and nearshore environments, including salt marshes, beaches, lagoons, deltas, and in wave- and tide-dominated regimes. Lectures complemented by extensive field work oriented toward individual and group research projects. Offered every Fall. This course is part of a Hub sequence.

EE 555 World Oil Markets

Prerequisite: junior or senior standing; EC 102 or equivalent recommended. The world oil market is explained using the notion of supply chain. Each stage is described in terms of relevant theories from geology, economics, and politics, and how they interact to generate real-world behavior. Offered every Spring.

EE 557 Oceanography of Stellwagen Bank & Surrounding Waters

Prerequisites: admission to BUMP, and EE 144 and CH 101 and CH 102 (or CH 171 and CH 172); or consent of instructor. Nutrient distribution and physical oceanography of Stellwagen Bank and adjacent waters. Bathymetric influences and effects of ocean currents of biogeochemical parameters. Includes day-long cruises on NOAA research vessel. Offered every Fall. This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Teamwork/Collaboration.

EE 560 Energy Transitions

Prerequisite: EE 309 (may be taken concurrently). An energy transition is a change in a society’s dominant energy system. Major energy transitions are accompanied by transformative cultural, economic, demographic, technological, and environmental changes. This course provides the student with the methods, tools and perspectives to understand the important historical, current and future energy transitions. This course is a highly interdisciplinary experience, combining analytic tools and concepts from economics, environmental science, engineering, ecology, history, and political science. Offered every other Spring.

EE 576 Aquatic Geochemistry

Prerequisites: CH 101 or CH 171 and EE 371, or equivalent; or consent of instructor. Fundamentals of water chemistry as applied to the evolution of surface, soil, and ground waters. Emphasis is on chemical equilibrium and kinetics, pH as a master variable, carbonate chemistry, mineral solubility, aqueous complexes, ion exchange, redox, and weathering reactions. Not currently in rotation.

EE 578 Marine Geographic Information Science

Prerequisites: BI 260 and EE 144; MA 213 is recommended. Introduction to marine geographic information systems and spatial analysis for conservation, management, and marine landscape ecology. Comparative examples from Gulf of Maine and tropics. Solve problems in coastal zoning and marine park design, whale and coral reef conservation. Also offered as BI 578. Taught by Biology faculty. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Oral and/or Signed Communication, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 585 Ecological Forecasting & Informatics

Prerequisites: BI 303 or BI 306; MA 121 or MA 123; MA 115 or MA 213 or EE 375; or consent of instructor. The statistics and informatics of model-data fusion and forecasting: data management, workflows, Bayesian statistics, uncertainty analysis, fusing multiple data sources, assessing model performance, scenario development, decision analysis, and data assimilation. Case studies highlight ecological forecasting across a range of subdisciplines. Offered every other Spring.

EE 591 Bio-Optical Oceanography

Prerequisite: admission to BUMP. This field- and lab-based course will explore how the optically active constituents in seawater affect the in-water light field, and in turn, how field optics and remote sensing can facilitate the study of marine biogeochemistry, biological oceanography and water quality. Offered every other Fall. This course fulfills a single unit in the following BU Hub area: Teamwork/Collaboration.

EE 593 Marine Physiology & Climate Change

Prerequisite: BI 108. This course explores the range of physiological responses marine organisms exhibit in response to climate change. We will investigate the phenotypic plasticity exhibited across different organisms and how this plasticity can influence an organism’s resilience to its changing environment. Meets with BI 593. Taught by Biology faculty. This course fulfills a single unit in each of the following BU Hub areas: Oral and/or Signed Communication, Research and Information Literacy.

EE 594 Global Environmental Negotiation & Policy

Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Key concepts, actors, concerns, and issues related to the process of negotiating global environmental policies. Overview of the international system and environmental problems; an international negotiation simulation; case studies of global agreements on ozone depletion, climate change, desertification, and biodiversity, among others. Meets with IR 594. Taught by International Relations faculty.

EE 597 Sustainable Development in Latin America

Prerequisites: EE 100 or IR 292 or IR 590 and junior standing, or consent of instructor. Provides an empirically based understanding of the social and environmental aspects of economic development in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) for purposes of analyzing the numerous trade and development policies that nations in LAC are currently considering. Also offered as IR 597. Taught by International Relations faculty.

EE 599 Science, Politics, & Climate Change

Applies a science and technology studies perspective to climate change science and policy. Examines the relationships between scientific and political systems at global, national, and local levels. Also offered as IR 599. Taught by International Relations faculty.

Meeting patterns for all courses are subject to change.