COMtalk

Cover Story: Writers on the Storm

When the world makes a run for it,
COM alums make news.

By Julie Rattey
Above photo by Minerva Studio

If you’ve ever watched CNN National Correspondent Gary Tuchman (’82) in action, you know he’s no stranger to peril. He’s flown in a helicopter toward an erupting volcano, risked encountering IEDs in Iraq and clambered through tsunami wreckage to search for survivors. But it was a hurricane that gave him one of the closest calls of his career.

On the morning of August 29, 2005, Tuchman and three colleagues were in Gulfport, Mississippi, reporting on Hurricane Katrina for CNN. They had been shooting live footage from Hurricane One, a satellite-equipped vehicle, but the winds were threatening to destabilize it. They were just turning into their hotel parking lot, says Tuchman, when there was a “tremendous, tremendous noise.” A chunk of fencing of about 12 feet by 8 feet from a nearby property had flown through the air and struck the vehicle, crushing its back portion. No one was hurt, but had the debris fallen inches closer . . . who knows? What Tuchman did know was that it was time to stop reporting and get inside. “It was a very blatant message,” he deadpans.

Coping with flying debris and raging elements is all in a day’s work for COM alums who cover extreme weather. They work in a variety of fields, from broadcast journalism to meteorology to public relations. And as extreme weather events increase around the world, these alums put their talent, skills and COM training to work to inform the public, share stories from the field and survive their share of adventures.

“We respect the forces of Mother Nature but are also anxious to cover them properly like any other story,” says Tuchman, “and that means being where the action is.”


Gary Tuchman (’82) reports how a special team of golden retrievers is bringing comfort to children injured by the Oklahoma tornadoes in May 2013. See more videos of Gary Tuchman’s reporting.

Meeting a Rising Need

When Essie Hendrix, 54, looked out the front door of her workplace, she could see the smoky, black cloud coming up the hill. She could hear it, too: it was like the sound of a thousand oncoming trains. As Hendrix scrambled under the front desk of the department store, the tornado hit. Tables flew. Cologne bottles shattered. When the ruckus ceased seconds later, Hendrix emerged into apocalyptic-like devastation: shattered store windows, buildings without roofs, scattered trees and downed power lines. Then, says Hendrix, the sky cleared and the sun began to shine. “Up above,” she said, “it looked as though nothing had ever happened.”

Meteorologist Bonnie Schneider (’91) tells this story of the April 2010 tornado that hit Yazoo City, Mississippi, in her 2012 book Extreme Weather. Schneider, who reports for outlets including CNN and Bloomberg, and who is developing a new TV show called House Indestructible, says her viewers helped inspire the book. After Hurricane Katrina, she says, she began receiving more viewer questions via Facebook and Twitter about extreme weather, such as “What causes a tornado to form?” and “What should you do if you are under a tsunami warning?” Extreme Weather recounts dramatic stories from extreme weather events, explains how these events happen and provides tips for staying safe.


Trailer for House Indestructible

Schneider says she’s called upon with increasing frequency to speak about extreme weather, and it’s no wonder: some extreme weather events—understood as severe or rare for their place and time—are on the rise. For example, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the number of Atlantic hurricanes and major hurricanes has increased since the early 1970s, mostly due to the warming of the tropical North Atlantic. These events wreak havoc, especially as population and construction increase in at-risk areas. As a study by insurance firm Munich Re noted in 2012, the number of weather-related loss events in North America has nearly quintupled during the last three decades.

Natural climate cycles can spur extreme weather events. Global warming—the warming of the atmosphere near Earth’s surface—also can be a contributing factor. According to NOAA, global warming contributes to sea-level rise, erosion, storms, flooding and, due to changes in the hydrological cycle, heavier rain and snow. Some scientists also connect rising sea-surface temperatures to the potential for more powerful hurricanes. All of this keeps COM alums like Schneider very busy.

“It seems that every week there’s another huge event impacting millions of people,” she says.

This means that getting information out to the public is all the more important.

Listen to Bonnie Schneider discuss the May 2013 Oklahoma tornadoes and her book, Extreme Weather, on Red Eye Radio.

Walking on Thin Ice

Pieces of furniture, curtains, a mattress: WHDH Boston reporter Susan Tran (CGS’95, COM’97) watched them all wash out to sea. It was February 2013, during the blizzard that slammed the northeastern United States, and Tran was on assignment on the deck of a beachfront home on Plum Island, Massachusetts. Wind, snow and waves had taken out the basement floor of a nearby apartment, divesting it of its contents.

“Sometimes it’s hard to imagine that the storm’s going to get that bad,” says Tran. She says that by emphasizing the seriousness of an intense weather situation, and by being on the scene, she and her fellow reporters can help influence the public to make conscientious choices.

Tran is willing to go pretty far to make that point. In 2003, as a reporter for WKTV in Utica, New York, Tran heard about some Massachusetts-area children who died after they ventured onto frozen lakes and fell through the ice. Wanting to prevent more tragedies from occurring, Tran pitched her station the idea of covering ice safety. In the final episode of the series “On Thin Ice,” which won an AP Award, Tran donned a full-body neoprene suit and jumped into a snow-covered lake in the Adirondacks. With water rescuers and a fire crew standing by, Tran vividly depicted the dangers of thin ice and provided viewers with tips on how to survive if they should fall in.


Reporter Susan Tran (CGS’95, COM’97) takes a dunk in a snow-covered lake in the Adirondacks to demonstrate the dangers of thin ice and to offer tips on how to survive after falling in.

Picking Up the Pieces

Don Van Natta, Jr. (’86) had been taking notes, but for the moment, reporting would have to wait: The ceiling was in danger of flying off.

Van Natta and several of his colleagues from The Miami Herald had been, in his recollection, the only car driving south as Hurricane Andrew was approaching Miami-Dade County in August 1992. They’d planned to hunker down in a Comfort Inn, then venture out afterward to report on the damage. But Andrew decided to unleash its fury directly over their heads, and its raging 160-plus-mile-an-hour winds were tearing the inn apart. With the wind’s relentless groan in their ears, Van Natta and the few other hotel guests had been racing from room to room, trying to escape being sucked through the disappearing ceiling and out into chaos. When he wasn’t running or praying, Van Natta was jotting down notes. At the moment, though, he was helping to hold up the ceiling of the bathroom where he and the other guests were hiding, some of them under mattresses. There was already a crack in the ceiling: No one knew if the ceiling would hold.

“The storm was so ferocious, so much more powerful than we were,” recalls Van Natta. “You felt really insignificant, and that this very likely was going to be it.”

COM alums help inform the public about extreme weather events, but they also help them cope emotionally after the fact. For those who suffer through events like Hurricane Andrew, some of whom endure harrowing incidents like Van Natta’s, the media can play a crucial role in the recovery process.

The Herald was a lifeline to people to be able to cope with the storm,” says Van Natta. People would say that seeing the paper show up in the midst of such devastation returned a sense of normalcy to their lives, he says. It gave them the feeling that things were going to get better.

Sharing people’s personal stories in such ordeals—without being pushy or insensitive—also helps the rest of the public understand what people are suffering and how to help. As Tuchman once said while covering flooding in Missouri for CNN, through just one story, “you can learn about what a whole community is going through, what they’re suffering.”

Marjorie Musick (’98) experienced this firsthand when she wrote a press release about the O’Sullivan family from San Diego, as part of her role as director of communications and events for the National Association of Public Insurance Adjusters (NAPIA). In October 2007, as wildfires raged across Southern California and destroyed hundreds of homes in their path, the O’Sullivans received a reverse 911 call to evacuate. Mom, Dad, daughter and dog fled to a nearby hotel, where they watched on TV as their home—and all their possessions—caught fire and burned.

Musick interviewed the family about their ordeal, and showed how hiring a public adjuster—as the O’Sullivans did—can help homeowners navigate property damage claims and get better offers from their insurance companies. Hearing about the O’Sullivans’ experience firsthand, says Musick, inspired her “to work even harder to get information out to people.”  With NAPIA web traffic buzzing (it tripled just after Hurricane Sandy) and extreme weather events increasing the need for adjusters’ work, Musick keeps busy writing press releases and consumer tip sheets, arranging occupational safety training for adjusters and inviting speakers like Schneider to speak on extreme weather and safety at NAPIA events.

Inspiring Change

COM alums’ coverage of extreme weather sometimes extends beyond the personal and communal to the governmental and global, helping raise awareness of problems and calling people to action.

“That’s why most of us get into journalism—because we want to make a difference,” says Tuchman. The news media’s role in raising awareness of the severity of damage in Hurricane Katrina, and of the government’s insufficient response, he says, was a prime example.

“By our extensive reporting, talking to people, explaining what was going on,” he says, “we feel we helped provide the impetus and proper pressure for the government—which these people pay taxes to—to get moving.”

Van Natta and The Miami Herald played a similar role with their reporting on Hurricane Andrew. The staff won a journalism Pulitzer in 1993 for public service, as their coverage “not only helped readers cope with Hurricane Andrew’s devastation,” according to the Pulitzer site, “but also showed how lax zoning, inspection and building codes had contributed to the destruction.”

“You had to dig for the truth,” recalls Van Natta. “You had to be an instant investigator.”

For some COM alums, like science journalist Jeremy Miller (’06), this means examining and raising awareness about conditions that can contribute to extreme weather events in the first place—like climate change.

yosemite

Jeremy Miller ('06) above an unnamed lake in a glacial cirque at the base of Mts. Maclure and Lyell at Yosemite National Park. Photo by Kirk Keeler

On a cold and windy day in Yosemite National Park in September 2012, Miller, an alum of COM’s graduate program in science journalism, trekked up Mount Lyell to report on the state of Yosemite’s largest glacier for Men’s Journal. From this height of approximately 13,000 feet, he wrote, he could see the two survey points marking the high point of the ice’s surface in the 1930s. He could also see the nearly 120 feet of bare rock between those survey points and the glacier today. Measurements taken on the hike by Yosemite National Park Geologist Greg Stock and geomorphologist Bob Anderson of the University of Colorado at Boulder confirmed Stock’s hunch: the glacier’s days are numbered. Having already melted more than 60 percent over the last century, the Lyell has now stopped moving entirely.

When covering topics like climate change, Miller has a challenging task: he often needs to clarify complex scientific facts, keep them disentangled from politics, weed out disinformation and show how a somewhat abstract issue affects people where they live. “The physical science is linked to the people in the community,” he explains. In the Lyell story, for instance, he noted how the disappearance of Lyell—and other glaciers like it—means that crucial sources of water for plants, animals and people will also disappear.

Calling on COM

Whether they’re backpacking up glaciers, wading through floodwaters or writing about wildfires, alums who cover extreme weather give COM credit for helping them develop their skills.

Miller keeps a Post-it Note on his computer with a helpful quote from Doug Starr, co-director of BU’s Science & Medical Journalism Program: “The job is to simplify the writing, not to oversimplify the science.” Schneider and Tran credit COM with preparing them for excellence and giving them some of their determination and drive. The quick writing and organizing skills Van Natta developed through timed class writing assignments at COM, he says, were  “a huge help” when reporting on Hurricane Andrew. Tuchman says BU opened his eyes to the ways in which journalism wasn’t just a career, but “a noble profession.” And Musick has never forgotten what Steven Levingston, her former BU journalism professor, told her class when he gave them a story assignment on weather:

“ ‘Weather is the one thing that really affects people’s lives,’ ” quotes Musick. “I think about that a lot.”


Below, watch videos of Gary Tuchman reporting for CNN:


Gary Tuchman (’82) reports breaking news at Plaza Towers Elementary School in Moore, Oklahoma, after the tornadoes that struck in May 2013.


Gary Tuchman (’82) nearly gets blown away as he reports for CNN on 2008’s Hurricane Dolly.

Storytelling in a Crisis

When disaster strikes, journalists arrive on the scene, sometimes risking their very lives to tell the stories that inform the world and spur people to action. To get the crucial information they need, they work with health care workers and aid workers. But with tight deadlines, competition for resources and other challenges, the relationship isn’t always easy.

Through conferences and master classes, the Boston University Program on Crisis Response and Reporting brings journalists and global health specialists together to help them better understand each other and how to work together on coverage of global health issues. The program is a partnership among the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting in Washington, D.C., COM, BU’s School of Public Health and BU’s Center for Global Health & Development.

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