As of 2014, 54% of the earth’s population resides in urban areas, a percentage expected to reach 66% by 2050. This increase would amount to 2.5B people added to urban populations. At the same time, there are now 28 mega-cities (with 10M people) worldwide, accounting for 22% of the world’s urban population, and projections indicate more than 41 mega-cities by 2030. It stands to reason that the management and sustainability of urban areas has become one of the most critical challenges our societies face today.
There are several projects in our research group addressing issues in Smart Cities which we often view as an instance of a complex stochastic Cyber-Physical System (CPS).