The Goal:

To take solar wind input and energetic particle flux and couple the magnetospheric response with the ionosphere.

The Issues:

The magnetosphere provides a shield to solar wind and energetic particles on the Earth; it couples the current flow at the solar wind boundary to the ionosphere.


  • What is the flow of energy and momentum within the system?
  • What are the radiation belt dynamics?


  • What is the structure of boundary layers?
  • The magnetopause; auroral current systems.
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