Empirical Modeling
Creating optimal space weather forecasts requires the integration of a diverse set of modeling approaches. The Empirical Modeling (EM) group (group members) of CISM is based at the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at The University of Colorado seeks to develop statistical and empirical models that can be used for space weather forecasting.

Empirical Models of the CISM Program:

The following models by CISM scientists are currently running in real--time:

Magnetospheric......... | Magnetospheric Energetic Electron Flux [1] [2] | Dst [1][2] |
Ionospheric................. | Geomagnetic Activity [1] |
Solar/Heliospheric.... | Solar-Wind Velocity [1] |

The following models are in preparation and will soon be used for real-time sun-to-Earth predictions.

Magnetospheric......... | Magnetospheric Energetic Electron Flux | External Field |
Ionospheric................. | Surface |dB/dt| | Ap index | Surface Field |
Solar/Heliospheric.... | Solar-Wind Velocity | L1-Earth Propagation |


Physics-Based Models of the CISM Program:

These physics-based models are currently being integrated into a sun-to-Earth chain and will eventually be used for forecast and specification:


Magnetospheric at Dartmouth College
Ionospheric at Dartmouth College
Upper Atmosphere and Ionosphere at NCAR
Solar/Heliospheric at UC Berkeley


See the LASP CISM homepage for more information.


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