TitleTraining Zambian traditional birth attendants to reduce neonatal mortality in the Lufwanyama Neonatal Survival Project (LUNESP)
AuthorsChristopher J. Gill, Nicholas G. Guerina, Charity Mulenga, Anna B. Knapp, Grace Mazala, & Davidson H. Hamer
PublicationInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2012 Mar; 1-6.


To provide relevant details on how interventions in the Lufwanyama Neonatal Survival Project (LUNESP) were developed and how Zambian traditional birth attendants (TBAs) were trained to perform them. Methods: The study tested 2 interventions: a simpli!ed version of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ neonatal resuscitation protocol (NRP); and antibiotics with facilitated referral (AFR). Results: Key elements that enabled the positive study result were: focusing on common and correctible causes of mortality; selecting a study population with high unmet public health need; early community mobilization to build awareness and support; emphasizing simplicity in the intervention technology and algorithms; using a traditional training approach appropriate to students with low literacy rates; requiring TBAs to demonstrate their competence before completing each workshop; and minimizing attrition of skills by retraining and reassessing the TBAs regularly throughout the study. Conclusion: An effective NRP training model was created that is suitable for community-based neonatal interventions, in research or programmatic settings, and by practitioners with limited obstetric skills and low rates of literacy.
Related ProjectsLufwanyama Neonatal Survival Project (LUNESP)