TitleProtozoal Gastrointestinal Infections
AuthorsHamer D. H., Keusch G.T.
PublicationCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 1992 Feb; 5(1):88-98.
AbstractEnterocytozoon bieneusi and Cryptosporidium species are increasingly recognized as important causes of diarrhea in immunocompromised patients. Recent studies of the immune response to cryptosporidiosis offer new insight into potential therapeutic options. The debate about the pathogenicity of Blastocystis hominis continues to rage. New methods including lectin immunoassays and DNA probes appear to be useful for differentiating pathogenic from nonpathogenic strains of Entamoeba histolytica. Numerous studies have further elucidated the mechanisms involved in excystation, attachment, and encystation of Giardia lamblia. Finally, immunoassays for the detection of Ciardia antigens in stool are being applied to epidemiologic investigations of giardiasis. (C) Lippincott-Raven Publishers.