TitlePersistent Diarrhea Associated with AIDS
AuthorsKeusch G. T., Thea D. M., Kamenga M., Kakanda K., Mbala M., Brown C., Davachi F.
PublicationActa Paediatr Suppl. 1992 Sep; 381:45-8.
AbstractChronic diarrhea and wasting are very common manifestations of AIDS in adults in developing countries. Etiologic studies show that protozoa (including Cryptosporidium parvum, Isospora belli, and Enterocytozoon bieniusi) and Mycobacterium avium-intracellulara are the most frequently identified pathogens. Limited data in children suggest that common enteric pathogens are equally as likely in HIV+ and HIV- babies. Preliminary analysis of an ongoing longitudinal study of 469 babies born to mothers with known HIV serostatus in Kinshasa, Zaire, reveals progression of acute to persistent diarrhea is six times greater in HIV+ compared to HIV- babies, and 3.5 times greater in HIV- babies born of HIV+ mothers in comparison to HIV- babies with HIV- mothers. HIV+ babies were also at greater risk than HIV- babies to have recurrent episodes of diarrhea (RR = 2.3). Fifty percent of the deaths were due to acute or persistent diarrhea, and were strongly associated with HIV infection. Efforts to improve child survival in AIDS infected populations will need to address HIV infections in both mothers and infants.