TitleIntestinal and Metabolic Responses to an Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitor in Normal Volunteers
AuthorsHolt P. R., Thea D., Yang M. Y., Kotler D. P.
PublicationMetabolism. 1988 Dec; 37(12):1163-70.
AbstractPostprandial hyperglycemia in diabetic patients can be modified by delaying the digestion and/or absorption of dietary carbohydrates. We have studied an orally active alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, Bay 1099, in normal volunteers to determine whether these inhibitors can decrease postprandial rises in serum glucose without causing gastrointestinal symptoms or significant fecal caloric wastage. Six subjects were given 25, 50, or 100 mg of Bay 1099 or placebo before meals for 1 week, each with a 1-week washout period. Fasting and postprandial concentrations of glucose, insulin, glucagon, enteroglucagon, and gastrointestinal inhibitory peptide (GIP) were measured after the first and last dose of Bay 1099, and the fecal excretions of protein, fat, fiber, and total calories were measured on the last three days of each diet. The passage of unabsorbed carbohydrate into the colon was determined by breath hydrogen analysis three times during each study week. Increasing doses of Bay 1099 were found to decrease the postprandial rise in serum glucose concentration, delay the time to peak insulin concentration, and decrease the output of GIP after the meal. No adaptation was apparent after 1 week of therapy. A dose of inhibitor (50 mg tid), which greatly improves postprandial glucose and hormone output in diabetes, was associated with minimal symptoms and no excess fecal caloric losses. Thus, glucosidase inhibitors such as Bay 1099 may be useful in the management of patients with carbohydrate intolerance.