Sex, Sexuality, Gender, and Health

Gender, sex, and sexuality are among the strongest forces affecting the health, well-being, and development status of young and adult women and men around the world. Biological sex affects a person’s risk of sex-linked health problems, including maternal mortality and morbidity and ovarian cancer in women, and prostate cancer in men. Gender norms and power dynamics influence individual vulnerabilities and opportunities and are structured by socio-cultural, political, and economic forces. Research at the CGHD aims not only to understand and address immediate behavioral risk factors, but also local and large-scale structural forces such as gender roles, poverty, and marginalization.

Related research at the CGHD includes:

  • improving health and social services for women living with HIV/AIDS in Vietnam
  • addressing gender-related stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS
  • reducing sexual vulnerability to HIV/AIDS among adolescents in Namibia and Ethiopia
  • identifying gender-related barriers to health services, such as those for treatment of malaria in Ghana
  • understanding gender-related differences in responses to antiretroviral treatment in Kenya