Associate Professor, Epidemiology
Boston University School of Public Health, MPH, DSc
- Office: Crosstown Center, CT372
- Phone: 617-414-1270
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Matthew Fox, DSc, MPH, is Associate Professor in the Center for Global Health & Development and in the Department of Epidemiology at Boston University. Dr. Fox joined the center in 2001. His research interests include treatment outcomes in HIV-treatment programs, infectious disease epidemiology (with specific interests in HIV and pneumonia), and epidemiologic methods. Dr. Fox works on ways to improve retention in HIV-care programs in South Africa from the time of testing HIV-positive through long-term treatment. As part of this work, he is involved in analyses to assess the impact of changes in South Africa’s National Treatment Guidelines for HIV. Dr. Fox also does research on quantitative bias analysis and co-authored a book on these methods, Applying Quantitative Bias Analysis to Epidemiologic Data. He currently teaches a third-level epidemiologic methods class, Advanced Epidemiology as well as two other doctoral level epidemiologic methods courses. Dr. Fox is a graduate of the Boston University School of Public Health with a master’s degree in epidemiology and biostatistics and a doctorate in epidemiology.
- AIDS and the Private Sector in Africa
- Economic and Quality of Life Outcomes for Patients on ART in Kenya
- Economics and Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Non-Communicable Diseases in Africa and Asia
- Epidemiologic Analyses and HIV Treatment Outcomes in South Africa
- Factors Influencing Enrollment in Treatment for HIV/AIDS in Zambia
- Hala Community Management of Pneumonia Study (HACOMP)
- INROADS: Innovations Research on HIV/AIDS
- ISHED: International Studies in Health and Economic Development
- Labor Productivity and Antiretroviral Therapy in Kenya
- Loss to Follow-up for HIV Treatment in South Africa
- Loss to Initiation of HIV Care and Treatment in South Africa
- Protocol for Program Evaluation of the Antiretroviral – Antenatal Care Integration Project in Southern Zambia
- RapIT: Rapid Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy to Promote Early HIV/AIDS Treatment in South Africa
- The Role of Immunosuppression in Treatment Outcomes
- Use and Outcomes of Second-Line HIV Treatment in South Africa
Systematic review of retention of pediatric patients on antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries 2008-2013
AIDS (published ahead of print). 2015 Jan;.
Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office (HE2RO); 2014 Jun.
Increases in regimen durability associated with the introduction of tenofovir at a large public-sector clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa
Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2013 Nov; 16(18794).
The Impact of Choice of NNRTI on Short-Term Treatment Outcomes among HIV-Infected Patients Prescribed Tenofovir and Lamivudine in Johannesburg, South Africa
PLOS ONE. 2013 Aug; 8(8).
A Novel Approach to Accounting for Loss to Follow-Up when Estimating the Relationship between CD4 Count at ART Initiation and Mortality
PLOS ONE. 2013 Jul; 8(7).
Anemia among HIV-Infected Patients Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy in South Africa: Improvement in Hemoglobin regardless of Degree of Immunosuppression and the Initiating ART Regimen
Journal of Tropical Medicine. 2013 Jul; 2013.
Kaposi Sarcoma-Associated Herpes Virus and Response to Antiretroviral Therapy: A Prospective Study of HIV-Infected Adults
JAIDS. 2013 Jul; 63(4):442-448.
Treatment Response and Mortality among Patients Starting Antiretroviral Therapy with and without Kaposi Sarcoma: A Cohort Study
PLOS ONE. 2013 Jun; 8(6):1-8.
Same-Day CD4 Testing to Improve Uptake of HIV Care and Treatment in South Africa: Point-of-Care Is Not Enough
AIDS Research and Treatment. 2013 Jun; 2013:1-7.
Effect of home based HIV counselling and testing intervention in rural South Africa: cluster randomised trial
BMJ. 2013 Jun; 346(f3481).
Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2013 May; 18(5):619–631.
CD4 count slope and mortality in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy: multi-cohort analysis from South Africa
ournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2013 May; 63(1):34-41.
Loss to follow-up before and after delivery among women testing HIV positive during pregnancy in Johannesburg, South Africa
Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2013 Apr; 18(4):451-460.
Tuberculosis and the risk of opportunistic infections and cancers in HIV-infected patients starting ART in Southern Africa
Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2013 Feb; 18(2):194-198.
Initiating antiretroviral therapy when presenting with higher CD4 cell counts results in reduced loss to follow-up in a resource-limited setting
AIDS 2013. 2013 Feb; 27(4):645-650.
Antiretroviral Therapy, Labor Productivity, and Gender: A Longitudinal Cohort Study of Tea Pluckers in Kenya
AIDS 2012. 2013 Jan;.
Patient Retention From HIV Diagnosis Through One Year on Antiretroviral Therapy at a Primary Health Care Clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa
JAIDS. 2013 Jan; 62(2):39-46.
Rates and Cost of Hospitalization Before and After Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy in Urban and Rural Settings in South Africa
JAIDS. 2013 Jan; 62(3):322-328.
Low Rates of Treatment Failure in Children 2-59 Months Treated for Severe Pneumonia: A Multi-site Pooled Analysis
Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2013 Jan; 56(7):978-987.
Rates and Predictors of Failure of First-line Antiretroviral Therapy and Switch to Second-line ART in South Africa
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2012 Aug; 60(4):428-437.
Defining retention and attrition in pre-antiretroviral HIV care: proposals based on experience in Africa
Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2012 Aug; 00(00):1-10.
Frequency and Trajectory of Abnormalities in Respiratory Rate, Temperature and Oxygen Saturation in Severe Pneumonia In Children
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2012 Aug; 31(8):863-865.
AIDS 2012. 2012 Jul; 26(6):770-773.
AIDS 2012. 2012 Jun; 26:1823-1828.
How to Estimate the Cost of Point-of-Care CD4 Testing in Program Settings: An Example Using the Alere PimaTM Analyzer in South Africa
PLoS ONE. 2012 Apr; 7(4):1-8.
International Journal of Epidemiology. 2012 Mar; 10(1093):1-10.
Effectiveness and safety of 30 mg versus 40 mg stavudine regimens: a cohort study among HIV- infected adults initiating HAART in South Africa
Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2012 Mar; 15(1).
Poorer ART Outcomes with Increasing Age at a Large Public Sector HIV Clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa
Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care. 2012 Feb; 11(57):57-65.
South Africa: HE2RO Policy Brief Number 4, Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office; 2012 Jan.
Rapid, Point-of-Care CD4 Testing At Mobile and Fixed HIV Testing Sites: Does It Increase Linkage to HIV Care?
Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office (HERO). 2011 Nov; 3:1-2.
Community case management of severe pneumonia with oral amoxicillin in children aged 2–59 months in Haripur district, Pakistan: a cluster randomised tria. 2011 Nov;.
The Lancet. 2011 Nov;.
Prevalence and predictors of kaposi sarcoma herpes virus seropositivity: a cross-sectional analysis of HIV-infected adults initiating ART in Johannesburg, South Africa
Infectious Agents and Cancer. 2011 Nov; 6(22):8.
Low rates of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor resistance in a well-monitored cohort in South Africa on antiretroviral therapy
Antiviral Therapy. 2011 Nov; 17:313-320.
Southern Africa Collaboration Long-term Outcomes of Antiretroviral Treatment in Programmes With and Without Routine Viral Load Monitoring in Southern Africa
AIDS. 2011 Sep; 25(14):1761-1769.
JIAPAC. 2011 Sep; 11(1):57-65.
AIDS: Official Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2011 Aug; 24(13):1603-1609.
The Net Cost of Incorporating Resistance Testing into HIV/AIDS Treatment in South Africa: A Markov Model with Primary Data
Journal of International AIDS Society. 2011 Jul; 14(24):1-6.
PLOS Medicine.. 2011 Jul; 8(7):1-16.
Treatment Outcomes and Cost-Effectiveness of Shifting Management of Stable ART Patients to Nurses in South Africa: An Observational Cohort
PLOS Medicine. 2011 Jul; 8(7):1-10.
PLoS Medicine. 2011 Jul; 8(7):1-16.
Effect of Training Traditional Birth Attendants on Neonatal Mortality (Lufwanyama Neonatal Survival Project): Randomised Controlled Study
British Medical Journal. 2011 Jun;.
Outpatient Treatment of Children With Severe Pneumonia with Oral Amoxicillin in Four Countries: The MASS Study
Tropical Med Int Health. 2011 May;.
Int J Tuberc Lunc Dis. 2011 Jan; 15:1-8.
Correcting mortality for loss to follow up: A nomogram applied to antiretroviral treatment programmes in sub-Saharan Africa
PLoS ONE Medicine. 2011 Jan; 8(1):1-11.
The Importance of Clinic Attendance in the First Six Months on Antiretroviral Treatment (ART): Missing Medical Visits Results in Poorer ART Outcomes
Journal of International AIDS Society. 2010 Dec; 13(49).
Lost Opportunities to Complete CD4+ Lymphocyte Testing Among Patients Who Tested Positive for HIV in South Africa
Bull World Health Organ. 2010 Sep; 88(9):675-80.
Temporal Changes in Programme Outcomes among Adult Patients Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy across South Africa, 2002-2007
AIDS. 2010 Aug; 24(14):2263-70.
Total Cost and Potential Cost Savings of the National Antiretroviral Treatment (ART) Programme in South Africa 2010 to 2017. Abstract 16112
18th International AIDS Conference; 2010 Jul 18; Vienna.
Patient Retention in Antiretroviral Therapy Programs Up to Three Years on Treatment in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2007-2009: Systematic Review
Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Jul; 15 Suppl 1:1-15.
Initiating Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy at CD4 Cell Counts Above 200 Cells/Microl is Associated with Improved Treatment Outcomes in South Africa
AIDS. 2010 Jul; 24(13):2041-50.
Early Loss to Follow Up After Enrolment in Pre-ART Care at a Large Public Clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa
Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Jul; 15 Suppl 1:43-7.
Nurse Versus Doctor Management of HIV-Infected Patients Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (CIPRA-SA): A Randomised Non-Inferiority Trial
Lancet. 2010 Jun; 376(9734):33-40.
Improvements in Physical Wellbeing over the First Two Years on Antiretroviral Therapy in Western Kenya
AIDS Care. 2010 Apr; 22(2):137-45.
J Natl Cancer Inst. 2010 Apr; 102(11):829-30; author reply 830.
Temporal Trends in Generic and Brand Prices of Antiretroviral Medicines Procured with Donor Funds in Developing Countries
Journal of Generic Medicines. 2010 Apr; 7(2):159-175.
Barriers to Initiation of Antiretroviral Treatment in Rural and Urban Areas of Zambia: A Cross-sectional Study of Cost, Stigma, and Perceptions about ART
J Int AIDS Soc. 2010 Mar; 13:8.
Using Vital Registration Data to Update Mortality among Patients Lost to Follow-up from ART Programmes: Evidence from the Themba Lethu Clinic, South Africa
Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Feb; 15(4):405-13.
Survival in Care and CD4 Cell Count Gain on First-line ART Depend on Prior CD4 Cell Count and Time on Treatment: Evidence From a Large South African Cohort. Abstract Z-184
17th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI); 2010 Feb 1; San Francisco.
AIDS. 2010 Jan; 24(6):915-9.
Economic Outcomes of Patients Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV/AIDS in South Africa Are Sustained through Three Years on Treatment
PLoS ONE. 2010 Jan; 5(9):e12731.
High Rates of Survival, Immune Reconstitution, and Virologic Suppression on Second-line Antiretroviral Therapy in South Africa
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 Oct; 53(4):500-6.
Global Strategies to Reduce the Price of Antiretroviral Medicines: Evidence from Transactional Databases
Bull World Health Organ. 2009 Aug; 87(7):520-8.
Do the Socioeconomic Impacts of Antiretroviral Therapy Vary by Gender? A Longitudinal Study of Kenyan Agricultural Worker Employment Outcomes
BMC Public Health. 2009 Jul; 9:240.
High Frequency of Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Rods in 2 Neonatal Intensive Care Units in the Philippines
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009 May; 30(6):543-9.
J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009 Jan; 63(2):91.
Effect of Presumptive Co-Trimoxazole Prophylaxis on Pneumococcal Colonization Rates, Seroepidemiology and Antibiotic Resistance in Zambian Infants: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
Bull World Health Organ. 2009 Jan; 86(12):929-38.
Dordrecht ; New York: Springer; 2009.
Role of Breastfeeding Cessation in Mediating the Relationship between Maternal HIV Disease Stage and Increased Child Mortality among HIV-exposed Uninfected Children
Int J Epidemiol. 2008 Dec; 38(2):569-76.
Cost and Cost-Effectiveness of Switching from Stavudine to Tenofovir in First-Line Antiretroviral Regimens in South Africa
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Jun; 48(3):334-44.
Impact of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection on Streptococcus Pneumoniae Colonization and Seroepidemiology among Zambian Women
J Infect Dis. 2008 Apr; 197(7):1000-5.
Reduced Mortality Associated with Breast-feeding-acquired HIV Infection and Breast-feeding among HIV-infected Children in Zambia
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Mar; 48(1):90-6.
Ambulatory Short-Course High-Dose Oral Amoxicillin for Treatment of Severe Pneumonia in Children: A Randomised Equivalency Trial
Lancet. 2008 Jan; 371(9606):49-56.
Early Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy on Work Performance: Preliminary Results from a Cohort Study of Kenyan Agricultural Workers
AIDS. 2008 Jan; 22(3):421-5.
J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Dec; 23(2):158-63.
PLoS Med. 2007 Oct; 4(10):e298.
AIDS. 2007 Aug; 21 Suppl 3:S53-9.
Impact of HIV-1 Status on the Radiological Presentation and Clinical Outcome of Children with WHO Defined Community-acquired Severe Pneumonia
Arch Dis Child. 2007 Jun; 92(11):976-9.
J Clin Oncol. 2007 Jun; 25(21):3001-6.
JAMA. 2007 May; 297(20):2227-31.
Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Apr; 165(12):1454-61.
Health, Economic Development and Household Poverty: From Understanding to Action. Bennet S., Gilson L., Mills A.. London, England: Taylor and Francis, Routledge; 2007.
International Journal of Epidemiology. 2006 Dec; 35(6):1592-1593.
Brief Hospitalization and Pulse Oximetry for Predicting Amoxicillin Treatment Failure in Children with Severe Pneumonia
Pediatrics. 2006 Dec; 118(6):e1822-30.
International Journal of Epidemiology. 2006 Dec; 35(6):1589-1590.
J Pediatr. 2006 Jul; 149(1):12-6.
Failure of Standard Antimicrobial Therapy in Children Aged 3-59 Months with Mild or Asymptomatic HIV Infection and Severe Pneumonia
Bull World Health Organ. 2006 Apr; 84(4):269-75.
Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2006 Mar; 99(2):215-20.
HIV/AIDS and the Private Sector in Africa: Impact and Responses. Report prepared for the Commission on HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa
Boston, MA: Center for International Health and Development; 2006 Feb.
Breast J. 2006 Jan; 12(1):2-6.
Boston, MA: Center for International Health and Development, Boston University; 2006.
Int J Epidemiol. 2005 Sep; 34(6):1370-6.
A Sensitivity Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Zinc in Treatment of Falciparum Malaria in Children
Contemp Clin Trials. 2005 May; 26(3):281-9.
Challenges in the Design of Antibiotic Equivalency Studies: The Multicenter Equivalency Study of Oral Amoxicillin versus Injectable Penicillin in Children aged 3-59 Months with Severe Pneumonia
Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Sep; 39(4):526-31.
Cost Impact of HIV/AIDS Infections in the Professional Labor Force in the Zambian Health Care System
XVth International AIDS Conference; 2004 Jul 1; Bangkok, Thailand.
AIDS. 2004 Apr; 18(2):317-24.
S Afr Med J. 2004 Mar; 94(2):125-30.
Trop Med Int Health. 2004 Mar; 9(3):318-24.
Boston, MA: Boston University Center for International Health and Development (USAID Funded); 2004.
Boston, MA: Center for International Health and Development; 2004.
Harv Bus Rev. 2003 Feb; 81(2):80-7, 125.