Deborah Maine

Professor, International Health

Columbia University, MPH, DrPH

  • Office: Crosstown Center, CT389
  • Phone: 617-638-5235
  • Email:


Deborah Maine, DrPH, is an epidemiologist with a background in anthropology and has worked on reproductive health in developing countries for more than 30 years. After many years at Columbia University, Professor Maine joined the Boston University School of Public Health in 2005, as Professor of International Health, where she leads the “Sex, Sexuality, Gender and Health” initiative. Starting in 1985, she worked intensively on maternal mortality and morbidity, and directed two international programs: The Prevention of Maternal Mortality Program, funded by the Carnegie Corporation, which had 11 multidisciplinary teams in West Africa; and The Averting Maternal Death and Disability Program, funded by the Gates Foundation, which supported projects in more than 50 countries. Both of these projects are continuing under new leaders. She is the Principal Investigator for the Community Mobilization Project in Uttar Pradesh, India that will pilot, evaluate, and scale-up the self-help group (SHG) model for family health interventions. Among her current research interests are: cervical cancer prevention in developing countries; gender and access to care (e.g., for malaria); and the effect of gender on men’s health. Professor Maine has a DrPH and an MPH in epidemiology from Columbia University, and a BA in anthropology from Barnard College.



Meeting the community halfway to reduce maternal deaths? Evidence from a community-based maternal death review in Uttar Pradesh, India

Sunil Saksena Raj, Deborah Maine, Pratap Kumar Sahoo, Suneedh Manthri, Kavita Chauhan

Global Health: Science and Practice. 2013 Jan; 1(1):84-96.

Cervical Cancer Prevention in the 21st Century: Cost is Not the Only Issue

Maine D., Hurlburt S., Greeson, D.

American Journal of Public Health. 2011 Jul;.

Where There is no Obstetrician–Increasing Capacity for Emergency Obstetric Care in Rural India: An Evaluation of a Pilot Program to Train General Doctors

Evans C. L., Maine D., McCloskey L., Feeley F. G., Sanghvi H.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009 Oct; 107(3):277-82.

Monitoring Emergency Obstetric Care

Maine D., Bailey P., Lobi S.

Geneva: WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, AMDD; 2009.

Detours and Shortcuts on the Road to Maternal Mortality Reduction

Maine D.

Lancet. 2007 Oct; 370(9595):1380-2.

Meeting MDG-5: an Impossible Dream?

Rosenfield A., Maine D., Freedman L.

Lancet. 2006 Oct; 368(9542):1133-5.

Research Note: Estimating Maternal Deaths Averted: A Field-based Methodology

Maine D., Paxton A., Bailey P., Patterson G.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2005 Apr; 89(2):218-20.

The Evidence for Emergency Obstetric Care

Paxton A., Maine D., Freedman L., Fry D., Lobis S.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2005 Feb; 88(2):181-93.

Averting Maternal Death and Disability – Editor’s Comment

Maine D.

International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2003 Jan; 82(1):87-88.

Maternal Mortality

Maine D., Stamas K.

The Encyclopedia of Population. Demeny Paul George, McNicoll Geoffrey. New York: Macmillan Reference USA; 2003.

Maternal Mortality: Global Similarities and Differences

Maine D., Chavkin W.

J Am Med Womens Assoc. 2002 Jul; 57(3):127-30.

How do Socioeconomic Factors Affect Disparities in Maternal Mortality?

Maine D.

J Am Med Womens Assoc. 2002 Jan; 56(4):189-90, 192.

A Second Chance for the Safe Motherhood Initiative

Maine D.

Archives of Ibadan Medicine. 2002 Jan; 3(2):51-52.

The AMDD Program: History, Focus and Structure

Maine D., Rosenfield A.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2001 Aug; 74(2):99-103; discussion 104.

Role of Nutrition in the Prevention of Toxemia

Maine D.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Jun; 72(1 Suppl):298S-300S.

Maternal Mortality and Morbidity

Maine D., McGinn T.

Women and health. Goldman Marlene B., Hatch Maureen C.. San Diego: Academic Press; 2000.

The Safe Motherhood Initiative: Why has it Stalled?

Maine D., Rosenfield A.

Am J Public Health. 1999 Apr; 89(4):480-2.

Maternal Mortality as a Human Rights Issue: Measuring Compliance with International Treaty Obligations

Yamin A. E., Maine D.

Human Rights Quarterly. 1999 Jan; 21(3):563-607.

What’s So Special About Maternal Mortality?

Maine D.

Safe motherhood initiatives : critical issues. Barzelatto J., Berer Marge, Sundari Ravindran T. K., Reproductive Health Matters (Project). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science for Reproductive Health Matters; 1999.

Process Indicators for Maternal Mortality Programmes

Wardlaw T.M., Maine D.

Safe motherhood initiatives : critical issues. Barzelatto J., Berer Marge, Sundari Ravindran T. K., Reproductive Health Matters (Project). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science for Reproductive Health Matters; 1999.

Why Perinatal Mortality Cannot be a Proxy for Maternal Mortality

Akalin M. Z., Maine D., de Francisco A., Vaughan R.

Stud Fam Plann. 1997 Feb; 28(4):330-5.

The Design and Evaluation of Maternal Mortality Programs

Maine D., Akalin M.Z., Ward V.M., Kamara A.

New York: Center for Population and Family Health, School of Public Health, Columbia University; 1997.

Guidelines for Monitoring the Availability and Use of Obstetric Services

Maine D., Wardlaw T.M., Ward V.M., McCarthy J., Birnbaum A., Akalin M.Z., Brown J.E.

New York: UNICEF/WHO/UNFPA; 1997.

Why did Maternal Mortality Decline in Matlab?

Maine D., Akalin M. Z., Chakraborty J., de Francisco A., Strong M.

Stud Fam Plann. 1996 Jul; 27(4):179-87.

Setting Priorities in International Reproductive Health Programs: A Practical Framework

McGinn T., Maine D., McCarthy J., Rosenfield A.

New York: Center for Population and Family Health, Columbia University School of Public Health; 1996.

Facing Facts: The Role of Epidemiology in Reproductive Rights Advocacy

Maine D., Freedman L.

American University Law Review. 1995 Jan; 44(4):1085-1092.

Suicide During Pregnancy and its Neglect as a Component of Maternal Mortality

Frautschi S., Cerulli A., Maine D.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1994 Dec; 47(3):275-84.

The Bad Old Days are Still Here: Abortion Mortality in Developing Countries

Maine D., Karkazis K., Bolan N.

J Am Med Womens Assoc. 1994 Sep; 49(5):137-42.

A Strategy for the Evaluation of Activities To Reduce Maternal Mortality in Developing Countries

Ward V.M., Maine D., McCarthy J., Kamara A.

Evaluation Review. 1994 Aug; 18(4):438-457.

Too Far to Walk: Maternal Mortality in Context

Thaddeus S., Maine D.

Soc Sci Med. 1994 Apr; 38(8):1091-110.

Risk, Reproduction and Rights: The Uses of Reproductive Health Data

Maine D., Freedman L., Shaheed F., Frautschi S.

Population and development : old debates, new conclusions. Cassen Robert. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers; 1994.

Women’s Mortality: A Legacy of Neglect

Freedman L., Maine D.

The Health of women : a global perspective. Koblinsky Marjorie A., Timyan Judith, Gay Jill. Boulder: Westview Press; 1993.

Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Bangladesh during 1995-2000

Maine D.

A Concept Paper for UNICEF, Dhaka. Dhaka: UNICEF; 1993.

A Framework for Analyzing the Determinants of Maternal Mortality

McCarthy J., Maine D.

Stud Fam Plann. 1992 Jan; 23(1):23-33.

Guidelines for Monitoring Progress in the Reduction of Maternal Mortality

Maine D., McCarthy J., Ward V.

New York: UNICEF; 1992.

Safe Motherhood Programs: Options and Issues

Maine D.

New York: Center for Population and Family Health; 1991.

Structural Adjustment and Health in Africa

Ekwempu C. C., Maine D., Olorukoba M. B., Essien E. S., Kisseka M. N.

Lancet. 1990 Jul; 336(8706):56-7.

The Demography of Maternal and Child Health

Maine D., Allman J.

Oakland, CA: Third Party Publishing; 1990.

Effects of Fertility Change on Maternal and Child Survival

Maine D., McNamara R., Wray J., Farah A., Wallace M.

Population Growth and Reproduction in Sub-Saharan Africa. Acsadi G.T.F., Johnson-Acsadi G.. Washington, D.C.: World Bank Symposium; 1990.

Maternal mortality: A Problem Whose Time has Come

Maine D.

Int Health News. 1988 Sep; 9(7):4.

Emergency Obstetric Surgery performed by Nurses in Zaire

White S. M., Thorpe R. G., Maine D.

Lancet. 1987 Sep; 2(8559):612-3.

Spousal Veto over Family Planning Services

Cook R. J., Maine D.

Am J Public Health. 1987 Mar; 77(3):339-44.

Maternal Health in Third World

Rosenfield A., Maine D.

Lancet. 1987 Mar; 1(8534):691.

Studying Maternal Mortality in Developing Countries — Rates and Causes: A Guidebook

Maine D.

Geneva: Division of Family Health, World Health Organization; 1987.

Prevention of Maternal Mortality in Developing Countries: Program Options and Practical Considerations

Maine D., Rosenfield A., Wallace M., Kimball A.M., Kwast B., Papiernik E., White S.

Nairobi, Kenya: International Safe Motherhood Conference; 1987.

Traditional Birth Attendants: Is What We Ask of Them Fair?

Maine D.

Health Activism in South Africa: Nurses and Primary Health Care, Proceedings of the First Workshop; 1986 Oct 1; New York.

The Health of Women

Stein Z., Maine D.

Int J Epidemiol. 1986 Sep; 15(3):303-5.

Prenatal Care and the Prevention of Preterm Delivery

Papiernik E., Maine D., Rush D., Richard A.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1985 Oct; 23(5):427-33.

Maternal Mortality–A Neglected Tragedy. Where is the M in MCH?

Rosenfield A., Maine D.

Lancet. 1985 Jul; 2(8446):83-5.

Prevention of Maternal Mortality: Report of a WHO Interregional Meeting

Maine D.

Geneva: The World Health Organization; 1985.

Birth Spacing and Child Survival

Maine D., McNamara R.

New York: Center for Population and Family Health; 1985.

Effects of Fertility Change on Maternal and Child Health: Prospects for Sub-Saharan Africa

Maine D., McNamara R., Wray J., Farah A.A., Wallace M.

Washington, D.C.: The World Bank; 1985.

Report on International Financial Resources for Maternal/Child Health and Family Planning

Maine D., Wray J., Wallace M., Belsey M., Gregory C.

Geneva: World Health Organization; 1985.

The Prevention of Preterm Delivery Through Prenatal Care: an Intervention Study in Martinique

Goujon H., Papiernik E., Maine D.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1984 Oct; 22(5):339-43.

Effects of Family Planning on Maternal and Child Health

Maine D., Wray J.

Contemporary Ob/Gyn. 1984 Mar; pp. 122-125, 129, 132-36.

The Food and Drug Administration and Medroxyprogesterone Acetate. What are the Issues?

Rosenfield A., Maine D., Rochat R., Shelton J., Hatcher R. A.

JAMA. 1983 Jun; 249(21):2922-8.

Maternal and Child Health Benefits of Fertility Regulation

Maine D., Rosenfield A.

Gynecology and obstetrics. Sciarra John J.. Philadelphia: Harper & Row; 1983.

Approaches to Integrated Programs: Health, Family Planning and Development

Maine D., Wray J.

National Council for International Health; 1982 Jan 1; Washington, D.C..

Family Planning: Its Impact on the Health of Women and Children

Maine D.

New York: Center for Population and Family Health, Columbia University; 1981.

Nonclinical Distribution of the Pill in the Developing World

Rosenfield A., Maine D., Gorosh M.

International Family Planning Perspectives. 1980 Dec; 6(4):130-136.

Does Abortion Affect Later Pregnancies?

Maine D.

Fam Plann Perspect. 1979 Mar; 11(2):98-101.