Bruce Larson

Research Professor, Global Health

University of Wisconsin, MA, PhD

  • Office: Crosstown Center, CT378
  • Phone: 617-414-1457
  • Email:


Dr. Larson is an applied economist with the Department of International Health and the Center for Global Health and Development (CGHD). See the CGHD website,, for information on recent and continuing research activities.

Dr. Larson has conducted research activities in 25 countries over the past 20 years, mainly in Africa and the former Soviet Union. Before joining Boston University, Larson was an Associate Professor at the University of Connecticut, a Research Associate with the Harvard Institute for International Development, a Research Fellow with Winrock International, and an Agricultural Economist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. As part of these activities, he was based in Tallinn and Moscow during 1994-1997 and Nairobi in 2005-2006.

Note: The publications list below does not include publications outside of public health (e.g. agriculture, environment, development, international trade).



Screening HIV-infected patients with low CD4 counts for cryptococcal antigenemia prior to initiation of antiretroviral therapy: cost effectiveness of alternative screening strategies in South Africa

Bruce A. Larson, Peter C. Rockers, Rachael Bonawitz, Charlotte Sriruttan, Deborah K. Glencross, Naseem Cassim, Lindi M. Coetzee, Gregory S. Greene, Tom M. Chiller, Snigdha Vallabhaneni, Lawrence Long, Craig van Rensburg, Nelesh P. Govender

PLOS One. 2016 Jul;.

Thresholds for the cost–effectiveness of interventions: alternative approaches

Elliot Marseille, Bruce Larson, Dhruv S Kazi,James G Kahn, & Sydney Rosen

Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2014 Dec; 1-16.

Retention in care, resource utilization, and costs for adults receiving antiretroviral therapy in Zambia: a retrospective cohort study

Callie A Scott, Hari S Iyer, Kelly McCoy, Crispin Moyo, Lawrence Long, Bruce A Larson, and Sydney Rosen

BMC Public Health. 2014 Mar; 14(296).

Effect of antiretroviral therapy on patients’ economic well-being: five-year follow up in South Africa

Sydney Rosen; Bruce Larson; Julia Rohr; Ian Sanne; Constance Mongwenyana; Alana T. Brennan; Omar Galárraga

AIDS. 2013 Sep;.

Uptake, Outcomes, and Costs of Antenatal, Well-Baby, and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Services under Routine Care Conditions in Zambia

Callie A. Scott, Hari S. Iyer, Deophine Lembela Bwalya, Maximillian Bweupe, Sydney B. Rosen, Nancy Scott, Bruce A. Larson

PLOS ONE. 2013 Aug; 8(8).

Exploring impacts of multi-year, community-based care programs for orphans and vulnerable children: A case study from Kenya

Bruce A. Larson, Nancy Wambua, Juliana Masila, Susan Wangaic, Julia Rohr, Mohamad Brooks and Malcolm Bryant

AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. 2013 Jun; 25(Supplement 1):40-45.

Same-Day CD4 Testing to Improve Uptake of HIV Care and Treatment in South Africa: Point-of-Care Is Not Enough

Bruce A. Larson, Kathryn Schnippel, Alana Brennan, Lawrence Long, Thembi Xulu, Thapelo Maotoe, Sydney Rosen, Ian Sanne, and Matthew P. Fox

AIDS Research and Treatment. 2013 Jun; 2013:1-7.

Retention in Care and Outpatient Costs for Children Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy in Zambia: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis

Callie A. Scott, Hari Iyer, Deophine Lembela Bwalya, Kelly McCoy, Gesine Meyer-Rath, Crispin Moyo, Carolyn Bolton-Moore, Bruce Larson, and Sydney Rosen

PLoS ONE. 2013 Jun; 8(6).

Loss to follow-up before and after delivery among women testing HIV positive during pregnancy in Johannesburg, South Africa

Kate Clouse, Audrey Pettifor, Kate Shearer, Mhairi Maskew, Jean Bassett, Bruce Larson, Annelies Van Rie, Ian Sanne and Matthew P. Fox

Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2013 Apr; 18(4):451-460.

Antiretroviral Therapy, Labor Productivity, and Gender: A Longitudinal Cohort Study of Tea Pluckers in Kenya

Bruce.A. Larson, Matthew P. Fox, Margaret Bii, Sydney Rosen, Julia Rohr, Douglas Shaffer, Fredrick Sawe, Monique Wasunna and Jonathon L. Simon

AIDS 2012. 2013 Jan;.

ART treatment costs and retention in care in Kenya: a cohort study in three rural outpatient clinics

Bruce A Larson, Margaret Bii, Sarah Henly-Thomas, Kelly McCoy, Fredrick Sawe, Douglas Shaffer, Sydney Rosen

Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2013 Jan; 16(18026).

HE2RO Policy Brief 6: THE Benefits of Antiretroviral Therapy for Patients’ Economic Well-Being

Rosen S, Larson B, Rohr J, Sanne I, Mongwenyana C, Brennan AT, Galarraga O

2013 Jan.

Defining retention and attrition in pre-antiretroviral HIV care: proposals based on experience in Africa

Matthew P. Fox, Bruce Larson, and Sydney Rosen

Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2012 Aug; 00(00):1-10.

PEPFAR’s Support For Orphans And Vulnerable Children: Some Beneficial Effects, But Too Little Data, And Programs Spread Thin

Malcolm Bryant1, Jennifer Beard, Lora Sabin, Mohamad I. Brooks, Nancy Scott, Bruce A. Larson, Godfrey Biemba, Candace Miller & Jonathon Simon

Health Affairs. 2012 Jul; 31(7):1508-1518.

How to calculate the annual costs of NGO- implemented programmes to support orphans and vulnerable children: a six-step approach

Bruce A Larson & Nancy Wambua

Journal of The International AIDS Society. 2012 Apr; 14(59):1-16.

How to Estimate the Cost of Point-of-Care CD4 Testing in Program Settings: An Example Using the Alere PimaTM Analyzer in South Africa

Bruce Larson, Kathryn Schnippel, Buyiswa Ndibongo, Lawrence Long, Matthew P. Fox, & Sydney Rosen

PLoS ONE. 2012 Apr; 7(4):1-8.

Exploring the Impact of the Community-Based Care for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CBCO) Program

Bruce Larson & the CBCO Study Team

Washington, DC: USAID; 2012 Mar.

Rapid, Point-of-Care CD4 Testing At Mobile and Fixed HIV Testing Sites: Does It Increase Linkage to HIV Care?

Larson B., Schnippel K., Ndibongo B., Brennan A., Xulu T., Long L., Fox M., Sanne I., Rosen S.

Health Economics and Epidemiology Research Office (HERO). 2011 Nov; 3:1-2.

Costing of OVC Service Delivery in South Africa and Zambia

Larson B., Hamazakaza P., Costello J., Laurence S.

Washington, DC: US Agency for International Development; 2011.

Lost Opportunities to Complete CD4+ Lymphocyte Testing Among Patients Who Tested Positive for HIV in South Africa

Larson B.A., Brennan A., McNamara L., Long L., Rosen S., Sanne I., Fox M.P.

Bull World Health Organ. 2010 Sep; 88(9):675-80.

Early Loss to Follow Up After Enrolment in Pre-ART Care at a Large Public Clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa

Larson B. A., Brennan A., McNamara L., Long L., Rosen S., Sanne I., Fox M. P.

Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Jul; 15 Suppl 1:43-7.

Improvements in Physical Wellbeing over the First Two Years on Antiretroviral Therapy in Western Kenya

Fox M. P., McCoy K., Larson B. A., Rosen S., Bii M., Sigei C., Shaffer D., Sawe F., Wasunna M., Simon J. L.

AIDS Care. 2010 Apr; 22(2):137-45.

Economic Outcomes of Patients Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV/AIDS in South Africa Are Sustained through Three Years on Treatment

Rosen S., Larson B., Brennan A., Long L., Fox M., Mongwenyana C., Ketlhapile M., Sanne I.

PLoS ONE. 2010 Jan; 5(9):e12731.

Do the Socioeconomic Impacts of Antiretroviral Therapy Vary by Gender? A Longitudinal Study of Kenyan Agricultural Worker Employment Outcomes

Larson B. A., Fox M. P., Rosen S., Bii M., Sigei C., Shaffer D., Sawe F., McCoy K., Wasunna M., Simon J. L.

BMC Public Health. 2009 Jul; 9:240.

Effect of Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Tests on the Management of Uncomplicated Malaria with Artemether-Lumefantrine in Kenya: A Cluster Randomized Trial

Skarbinski J., Ouma P. O., Causer L. M., Kariuki S. K., Barnwell J. W., Alaii J. A., de Oliveira A. M., Zurovac D., Larson B. A., Snow R. W., Rowe A. K., Laserson K. F., Akhwale W. S., Slutsker L., Hamel M. J.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 May; 80(6):919-26.

Effects of Revised Diagnostic Recommendations on Malaria Treatment Practices Across Age Groups in Kenya

Zurovac D., Njogu J., Akhwale W., Hamer D. H., Larson B. A., Snow R. W.

Trop Med Int Health. 2008 May; 13(6):784-7.

Early Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy on Work Performance: Preliminary Results from a Cohort Study of Kenyan Agricultural Workers

Larson B. A., Fox M. P., Rosen S., Bii M., Sigei C., Shaffer D., Sawe F., Wasunna M., Simon J. L.

AIDS. 2008 Jan; 22(3):421-5.

The Cost of Uncomplicated Childhood Fevers to Kenyan Households: Implications for Reaching International Access Targets

Larson B. A., Amin A. A., Noor A. M., Zurovac D., Snow R. W.

BMC Public Health. 2007 Jan; 6:314.

The Financial and Clinical Implications of Adult Malaria Diagnosis Using Microscopy in Kenya

Zurovac D., Larson B. A., Akhwale W., Snow R. W.

Trop Med Int Health. 2006 Aug; 11(8):1185-94.

HIV/AIDS and the Private Sector in Africa: Impact and Responses. Report prepared for the Commission on HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa

Rosen S., Bii M., Fox M., Hamazakaza P., Larson B., Long L., and Simon J.

Boston, MA: Center for International Health and Development; 2006 Feb.

Modeling the Impacts of Environmental Policies on Agricultural Imports

Larson B. A., Scatasta S.

Journal of Policy Modeling. 2005 Jul; 27(5):565-574.

Eco-Labels for Credence Attributes: The Case of Shade-Grown Coffee

Larson B. A.

Environment and Development Economics. 2003 Jul; 8:529-547.

How Will the Reduction of Tariffs and Taxes on Insecticide- Treated Bednets Affect Household Purchases?

Simon J. L., Larson B. A., Zusman A., Rosen S.

Bull World Health Organ. 2002 Dec; 80(11):892-9.

Understanding Household Demand for Indoor Air Pollution Control in Developing Countries

Larson B. A., Rosen S.

Soc Sci Med. 2002 Aug; 55(4):571-84.

The Impact of Environmental Regulations on Exports: Case Study Results from Cyprus, Jordan, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey

Larson B. A., Nicolaides E., Al Zu'bi B., Sukkar N., Laraki K., Matoussi M. S., Zaim K., Chouchani C.

World Development. 2002 Jun; 30(6):1057-1072.

Evaluating the Impact of Specific Environmental Regulations on Exports

Larson B. A.

Land Economics. 2000 Nov; 76(4):534-549.

The Economics of Air Pollution Health Risks in Russia: A Case Study of Volgograd

Larson B. A., Avaliani S., Golub A., Rosen S., Shaposhnikov D., Strukova E., Vincent J. R., Wolff S. K.

World Development. 1999 Oct; 27(10):1803-1819.

Fertilizers to Support Agricultural Development in sub-Saharan Africa: What is Needed and Why

Larson B. A., Frisvold G. B.

Food Policy. 1996 Dec; 21(6):509-525.

Forests, Agriculture, and Child Health in Zaire: A Household Modeling Approach

Larson B. A., Barnes G., Rogers G., Larson J. G.

Forest Science. 1996 Feb; 42(1):3-9.

Economic Behavior under Temporal Uncertainty

Chavas J. P., Larson B. A.

Southern Economic Journal. 1994 Oct; 61(2):465-477.

Uncertain Climate-Change and the International-Policy Response

Larson B. A., Tobey J. A.

Ecological Economics. 1994 Sep; 11(1):77-84.

Technology-Transfer, Licensing Contracts, and Incentives for Further Innovation

Larson B. A., Anderson M.

American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 1994 Aug; 76(3):547-556.

Economic Incentives for Agricultural Nonpoint-Source Pollution-Control

Malik A. S., Larson B. A., Ribaudo M.

Water Resources Bulletin. 1994 Apr; 30(3):471-480.

Technical Change, Input-Substitution and the Specification of Dynamic Factor Demands

Larson B. A.

Economic Modelling. 1992 Apr; 9(2):129-136.

Public Regulation of Agricultural Biotechnology Field-Tests – Economic-Implications of Alternative Approaches

Larson B. A., Knudson M. K.

American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 1991 Nov; 73(4):1074-1082.

Natural-Resource Prices, Export Policies, and Deforestation – the Case of Sudan

Larson B. A., Bromley D. W.

World Development. 1991 Oct; 19(10):1289-1297.

Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Land Demands at the United-States Regional Level – A Primal Approach

Larson B. A., Vroomen H.

Journal of Agricultural Economics. 1991 Sep; 42(3):354-379.

Whose Price Wins – Institutional and Technical Change in Agriculture

Larson B. A., Knudson M. K.

Land Economics. 1991 May; 67(2):213-224.

Property-Rights, Externalities, and Resource Degradation – Locating the Tragedy

Larson B. A., Bromley D. W.

Journal of Development Economics. 1990 Oct; 33(2):235-262.

Technical Possibilities and Economic Realities of Bovine Growth-Hormone

Larson B. A., Kuchler F.

Journal of Production Agriculture. 1990 Apr; 3(2):174-179.

Dynamic Factor Demands Using Intertemporal Duality

Larson B. A.

Journal of Agricultural Economics Research. 1989 Dec; 41(1):27-32.

A Framework for Examining Technical Change

Knudson M. K., Larson B. A.

Journal of Agricultural Economics Research. 1989 Sep; 41(4):21-28.

Technical Change and Applications of Dynamic Duality to Agriculture – Comment

Larson B. A.

American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 1989 Aug; 71(3):799-802.