Papers & Publications
Goals of Frontier Church Planters and Other Missionaries According to the Serampore Form of Agreement
In 1805 the famed missionary trio of William Carey, William Ward, and Joshua Marshman, along with six other men of the British Baptist Missionary Society who were stationed at Serampore, India, set forth for themselves, and a stream of new missionaries arriving from England, eleven “great principles” (as they called them) to explain their commitments and aims. The Serampore Form of Agreement (SFA) articulates a more robust and biblical understanding of the church planter’s life and ministry than typically does the popular contemporary literature on missions that is consumed by US American evangelicals.
Travis Myers, STH alumnus, recently published an article titled “The ‘Peculiar Qualifications’ and Goals of Frontier Church Planters and Other Missionaries According to the Serampore Form of Agreement (1805)” in Journal of Global Christianity. His article demonstrates Serampore Form of Agreement’s early-nineteenth-century signers’ attention to culture learning and avoiding offense, to building rapport and diligent evangelism, to proper doctrine and patient disciple-making, as well as to indigenous churches and missionary oversight. Throughout the article, he suggests several points of application to certain contemporary issues in missions, especially those related to best practices in the field and missionary qualifications.
Dr. Sung-Deuk Oak, STH alumnus, published two books on the history of early Korean Protestantism for the Korean audience. A New History of Early Korean Protestantism is a critical study of many accepted, yet distorted narratives of early Korean churches up to 1910. It demythologizes historical heroes and criticize renowned historians’ interpretations. Recently Christianity Today Korea chose this book as the best book of the year in history and nominated it for the book of the year.
The First Forty-five Events of Early Korean Protestantism presents 45 first figures and events in the early history of Korean Christianity such as the first visiting missionary, the first vernacular Korean Christian tract, the first baptism in Pyongyang, and so on. Oak’s three sourcebooks also come out this January. Sources of Samuel Austin Moffett, vol. 1 (1854-93) and vol. 2 (1894-1900). This ten-volume series compiles all English materials of the first American missionary couple to Pyongyang and translate them into Korean with annotations and photos. Sources of Modern Nursing in Korea, vol. 2 (1910-19) transcribes, translates, and annotates the primary (English, Japanese, and Korean) sources of the nursing work in Korea.
Pearl Sydenstricker Buck’s fame as a novelist (best known for her beloved book The Good Earth) often overshadowed her original vocation as a Presbyterian missionary and her later role as a social activist. Her Christian values, however, provided an important foundation for humanitarian works. Soojin Chung recently published an article titled “The Missiology of Pearl Sydenstricker Buck” in International Bulletin of Mission Research Vol. 41 No.2. The article underscores Buck’s identity as a missionary and a humanitarian who formed a bridge between the East and the West. The first half of the article delineates her life, and the second half expounds on her missiology in close conjunction with her peer William E. Hocking.
The theme of the Korean Global Mission Leadership Forum this year is “Migration, Human Dislocation, and Mission Accountability.” Research Professor Jon Bonk will chair the executive meeting in New Haven on February 20th in preparation for the fourth meeting of the Korean Global Mission Leadership Forum, scheduled for Sokcho in South Korea, November 7-10. The papers and responses will be published in English and Korean as the fourth volume in the series on “Accountability in Mission.”
At the turn of the 20th century, Churches of Christ had less than a nominal level of missionary activity. With few missionaries abroad and fewer churches willing to support them along with no denominationally baptized mechanism for conducting a missionary enterprise, the prospect of a viable missions program that covered the denomination seemed bleak for Churches of Christ. Don Carlos Janes (1877-1944) would find himself in this difficult situation in 1911 as he began his work as a missionary promoter. Jeremy Hegi recently published an article titled “One-Man Missionary Society: The Indefatigable Work of Don Carlos Janes” in Restoration Quarterly Vol. 58 No. 4. The essay demonstrates how Janes established and maintained a missionary consciousness among the congregations of Churches of Christ, in addition to recruiting and supporting a majority of missionaries of the denomination between 1911 and 1944.
In the 1930s, no evangelist traveled further, spoke more often, or led more Chinese people to faith than Song Shangjie (John Sung). In the October 2016 issue of the International Bulletin of Mission Research, Daryl Ireland explores the legacy of one of China’s most dynamic and memorable Christians.
This is the first scholarly article to make use of Sung’s own personal diaries (not those edited and published by his daughter). They reveal new facets of his life and ministry, most memorably regarding his time spent in an insane asylum. Sung famously spoke of his hospitalization in 1927 as a gross misunderstanding of his conversion. His diaries, however, suggest another story. What happened in the asylum is summarized in the Legacy article, but will be unpacked further in Ireland’s forthcoming article on conversion in the journal Mission Studies.
Soojin Chung, CGCM student affiliate, recently published an article “Transnational Adoption: A Noble Cause? Female Missionaries as Pioneers of Transnational Adoption, 1945-1965” in Evangelical Missions Quarterly (October 2016). This article reviews biblical and theological grounds for international adoption, followed by a case study of two prominent female missionaries who spearheaded the transnational adoption movement in Korea. In examining these two figures, the author argues that the historical context in which adoption was born was vastly different from the contemporary evangelical adoption boom, which is parent-focused rather than child-centered. The article can be found here.
Anika Fast, CGCM student affiliate, recently published an article “The Earth is the Lord’s: Anabaptist mission as boundary-crossing global ecclesiology” in Mennonite Quarterly Review (July 2016). This essay reviews three strands of thinking – representatives of an older generation of North American Mennonite mission scholars and historians, younger voices speaking largely from within a Mennonite World Conference context, and a variety of thinkers from the Global South – to argue that all are converging to reaffirm a believers church perspective on mission in which ecclesiology and missiology are essentially connected. At a time when some North American Mennonites are questioning the legacy of mission, the author argues that it is time to move past a polarized debate, in which one is either “for” or “against” mission, to understand Mennonites’ historical involvement in mission as part of a larger story of working toward deepening relationships in the world church.
David W. Scott, assistant professor of religion and Pieper Chair of Servant Leadership at Ripon College and CGCM alumnus (STH ’07, GRS ’13), recently published his book Mission as Globalization: Methodists in Southeast Asia at the Turn of the Twentieth Century. The book unites the history of globalization with the history of Christian mission, examining the global connections produced by the Methodist Episcopal Church’s Malaysia Mission from 1885-1915. Full description of his book can be found here.