1998

Palmer JR, Rosenberg L, Adams-Campbell LL, Rao RS. Correlates of hysterectomy in African-American women (abstract). Am J Epidemiol 1998;147:S58.

These preliminary analyses suggest that nonmedical factors, namely the region of the U.S. in which a woman lives and her level of education, may play a role in the high rate of early hysterectomy among African-American women.

Kim KS, Adams-Campbell L, Palmer JR, Rosenberg L. Physical activity and high blood pressure: Black Women’s Health Study (abstract). Ethn Dis 1998;8:272.

Strenuous physical activity in the past year was associated with reduced risk of high blood pressure.

McAlindon T, Felson D, Palmer J, Rosenberg L. Associations of body mass index (BMI), smoking, and alcohol with SLE in the Black Women’s Health Study (abstract). Lupus 1998;7(S1):70.

In preliminary analyses, lupus was positively related to cigarette smoking, and inversely to alcohol use. The relationship to body mass index was unclear.

Lancaster K, Smiciklas-Wright H, Kumanyika S, Mitchell D, Mauger D, Palmer J. Comparison of characteristics of responders vs. non-responders for 3-day food records in African-American women (abstract). FASEB J 1998;12(4) Part I:A525.

Women who provided food records did not differ materially in terms of body mass index, age, education, or region of residence from those who did not provide records.

Kumanyika S, Mauger D, Mitchell D, Smiciklas-Wright H, Palmer JR. Comparison of food diaries vs. 24-hour recalls for food frequency data calibration in black women (abstract). Eur J Clin Nutr 1998;52(2S):S84.

In a diet validation study, food diaries and 24-hour recalls gave similar values for intake of fat, saturated fat, fiber and beta-carotene when adjusted for energy intake.

Rosenberg L, Palmer JR, Rao RS, Adams-Campbell LL. Correlates of postmenopausal female hormone use among black women in the United States. Obstet Gynecol 1998;91:454-8.

The use of menopausal female hormone supplements was highest among women who had had both ovaries removed. Rates were also higher among women who lived in the West, were thin, or had higher levels of education. These findings suggest that factors associated with female hormone use in black and white women are similar. See discussions of the benefits and risks of female hormone supplements in the January 2002 Newsletter and the January 2003 Newsletter. link to online article