1998

These preliminary analyses suggest that nonmedical factors, namely the region of the U.S. in which a woman lives and her level of education, may play a role in the high rate of early hysterectomy among African-American women.

Strenuous physical activity in the past year was associated with reduced risk of high blood pressure.

In preliminary analyses, lupus was positively related to cigarette smoking, and inversely to alcohol use. The relationship to body mass index was unclear.

Women who provided food records did not differ materially in terms of body mass index, age, education, or region of residence from those who did not provide records.

In a diet validation study, food diaries and 24-hour recalls gave similar values for intake of fat, saturated fat, fiber and beta-carotene when adjusted for energy intake.

The use of menopausal female hormone supplements was highest among women who had had both ovaries removed. Rates were also higher among women who lived in the West, were thin, or had higher levels of education. These findings suggest that factors associated with female hormone use in Black and white women are similar. See discussions of the benefits and risks of female hormone supplements in the January 2002 Newsletter and the January 2003 Newsletter. link to online article