Bravi seminar: Brain decoding with functional connectivity patterns, a graph embedding approach

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August 1st, 2011

Monday – August 8, 2011 – 4:00pm

Dr. Jonas Richiardi
Brain decoding with functional connectivity patterns: a graph embedding approach

Medical Image Processing Laboratory
Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
Switzerland

44 Cummington St. Room 401

Abstract:
Whole-brain connectivity information is becoming increasingly popular with neuroscientists and neuroimagers alike, and for good reasons: it provides complementary information to statistical activation maps, and enables fundamental insights into the network organization of the brain in terms of information flow, resilience, efficiency, or modularity. Furthermore, it is now gaining importance for clinical applications.

This talk will focus on an emerging technique for analysing brain networks: connectivity-based decoding. This is an interesting tool for neuroimagers and provides complementary information to both activation-based decoding and qualitative analysis in terms of graph-theoretic properties and graph topology. It is applicable to both brain state decoding and clinical applications such as diagnosis. After a whole-brain regional connectivity graph has been established, the problem can be cast as a weighted graph classification task. We will show that the graphs of interest form a restricted class of graphs whose properties prevent the application of classical graph matching techniques to elicit a useful distance or dissimilarity between graphs, and advocate for the use of modern graph embedding methods. We will present several vector space representations of graphs that are suitable for the class of graphs of interest, and discuss experimental results on cognitive tasks, ageing populations, and clinical populations.