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In October 1904, 27-year-old Swiss explorer Isabelle Eberhardt was about to die. Her clay home would be no match for the flash flood surging through the small Algerian town of Aïn Séfra.

Born to an aristocratic mother and anarchist father, Eberhardt was as unconventional as her family tree. She began her daring adventures at the age of 20, when she first traveled to Africa. Within seven years, she’d converted to Islam, lived as a man among an ancient Sufi order, warded off a saber attack (later sparing her assailant’s life), and married an Algerian soldier. She’d also poured all of her exploits—and her churning thoughts about them—onto reams of journal pages.

“I am not afraid of death,” she wrote, “but would not want to die in some obscure or pointless way.” She would perish saving her husband from the flood; he, in turn, would save the pages of her journal.

Today, Eberhardt’s prose has been revived as opera lyrics. In Song from the Uproar: The Lives and Deaths of Isabelle Eberhardt, composer Missy Mazzoli (CFA’02) rescues the pioneering Swiss from history. The opera has garnered five-star reviews and prompted Time Out New York to label Mazzoli—a composer known for convention-busting explorations of her own—“Brooklyn’s postmillennial Mozart.”

Missy Mazzoli, opera, Song from the Uproar The Lives and Deaths of Isabelle Eberhardt, Brooklyn New York 

Mazzoli saw Song from the Uproar “as an opportunity to write a big dramatic piece about a very complicated and interesting woman.” Photo by Stephen S. Taylor

A friend of Mazzoli’s calls her compositions “new music for old instruments.” Mazzoli likes this phrase more than some of the other labels, from “alt-classical” to “art-rock meets chamber music,” used by enthusiastic reviewers in the New York Times and elsewhere when trying to give listeners a flavor of her original works.

From her New York studio, she has composed film scores and solo, ensemble, and orchestral pieces. She also plays piano in a seven-piece ensemble that has performed in classical venues and at rock festivals. Even opera emerges from her pen with an unfamiliar sound: behind the protagonist’s mezzo-soprano in Song from the Uproar are a flute, a clarinet, an electric guitar, a piano, a double bass, and electronics. “I’ve studied classical music my whole life and I feel very close to it,” says Mazzoli, “but I’m also 32 years old and it’s 2013. The classical era ended more than 150 years ago.”

This is an attitude she cemented early in life. Living with nonmusical parents—the family’s piano was rescued from a flea market and “never in tune”—meant she didn’t feel constrained by conventional boundaries. “Because they had no idea what I was doing, I thought, well, no one’s listening, I can do whatever I want.” She allows herself the same freedom today.

“When I sit down to write a piece,” she says, “I rarely know what’s going to make it interesting in the end. It’s a process of discovery—just letting really random, wild ideas come into my head without judgment, grasping onto one or two or three, and turning them into a piece.

You can hear that experimental process in Song from the Uproar, recently released on CD. The opera opens at the moment of Eberhardt’s death, as her life flashes before her; the only narrative is a “surreal, abstract, nonlinear” series of stories culled from the explorer’s journals.

“I felt like a lot of women I saw in opera were reduced to stereotypes or female archetypes,” says Mazzoli. “I saw this as an opportunity to write a big dramatic piece about a very complicated and interesting woman.”

The opera’s music is also complicated, featuring one of the composer’s self-described trademarks: “repetition that’s not truly repetition,” a technique that requires audiences and musicians to really engage with a performance.

Missy Mazzoli, opera, Song from the Uproar The Lives and Deaths of Isabelle Eberhardt, Brooklyn New York 

Photo by Kim Nowacki/Q2 Music

“It’s when something repeats, but doesn’t repeat exactly. There are subtle changes,” she explains. “I also try to combine the familiar and the unexpected. I’ll draw the listener in with something that is known to them, a chord, a rhythm, or a pattern that is very simple or familiar, but then I’ll change it up on them and I’ll insert some sort of surprise.”

Since debuting Song from the Uproar in spring 2012, Mazzoli has thrown herself into the operatic world. She’s currently composer-in-residence with the Opera Company of Philadelphia, and she recently completed a mini-opera, Salt, about Lot’s wife. She’s found opera well suited to her desire to “create worlds that the audience could walk into.” Although she admits that it might sound “ridiculous,” she also gets satisfaction from listening to the music she’s composing: “I make music that speaks to me—and my time.”

A version of this story was originally published in the spring 2013 edition of Esprit.