James F. A. Traniello
Professor of Biology
PhD, Harvard University, 1980
Areas of interest: behavior, ecology and evolution of social insects; neuroethology; social brain evolution; behavioral development and senescence; evolution of division of labor
Social insects are exemplars of biological complexity and are among the most evolutionarily successful and ecologically dominant animals on earth. We study the behavioral mechanisms and neural basis of social organization and the ecology and genetics of colonies and populations of social insects, with an emphasis on caste, division of labor and brain evolution. Darwin’s sense of wonder was excited by the ant brain’s capability of “extraordinary mental activity with an extremely small absolute mass of nervous matter.” We feel the same way. By exploring the neuroanatomy and neurochemistry of social behavior using immunohistochemistry, confocal microscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography and pharmacological interventions to examine the regulation of task performance and behavioral development, we seek to understand the neural basis of social structure in light of ecology and evolution. Our integrative studies connect sociobiology, neurobiology and ecology to understand the selective forces associated with social brain evolution in ants, and how the brain meets the demands of processing complex information at the level of the individual and society as a whole. Current research centers on the hyperdiverse ant genus Pheidole, leaf-cutter ants and Australian weaver ants. We are also interested in social mechanisms of disease resistance and tropical ant diversity, behavior and ecology.
- BI 107 Introductory Biology I
- BI 119 Sociobiology
- BI 224 Seminar in Behavioral Biology
- Giraldo Y, Patel E, Gronenberg W, Traniello JFA (2013) Worker subcaste division of labor and structural plasticity in an extrinsic serotonin-like immunoreactive mushroom body neuron in the ant Pheidole dentata. Neuroscience Letters 534: 107-111.
- Muscedere ML, Djermoun A, Traniello JFA (2013) Brood-care experience, nursing performance, and neural development in the ant Pheidole dentata. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 67: 775-784.
- Kamhi JF, Traniello JFA (2013) Biogenic amines and collective organization in a superorganism: neuromodulation of social behavior in ants. Brain Behav. Evol. In press.
- Muscedere ML, Traniello JFA (2012) Division of labor in the hyperdiverse ant genus Pheidole is associated with distinct patterns of worker brain organization. PLoS One 7: e31618.
- Muscedere ML, Johnson N, Kamhi JF, Gillis BC, Traniello JFA (2012) Serotonin modulates worker responsiveness to trail pheromone in the ant Pheidole dentata. J. Comp. Physiol. A 198: 219-227.
- Mertl AL, Traniello JFA (2009) Behavioral evolution in the major worker subcaste of twig-nesting Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): does morphological specialization influence task plasticity? Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 63:1411-1426.
- Seid M, Li C, Goode K, Traniello JFA (2008) Age- and subcaste -related patterns of serotonergic immunoreactivity in the optic lobes of the ant Pheidole dentata. Devel. Neurobiol. 68: 1325-1333.
- Seid M, Harris K, Traniello JFA (2005) Age-related changes in the number and structure of synapses in the lip region of the ant Pheidole dentata. J. Comp. Neurology 488, 269-277.
- Feb 25, 2014 Read more.
- Feb 25, 2014
Current research suggests a certain type of tiny fungus may play a very large role in the global cycling of carbon. Professor Finzi, who took part in the research, asserts that the work is not only relevant to climate models and predictions of future atmospheric greenhouse gas levels, but also challenges the core foundation in modern biogeochemistry that climate exerts major control over soil carbon pools.Read more.
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