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Biblical Archaeologist

Biblical ArchaeologistPerspectives on the Ancient World from Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean
A Publication of the American Schools of Oriental Research

Volume 58 Number 2
June 1995

Special Issue
Anatolian Archaeology: A Tribute to Peter Neve

62 A Tribute to Peter Neve
Ronald L. Gorny

63 Forty Years in the Capital of the Hittites
Jürgen Seeher
In a century of excavations at the Hittite capital, Boghazköy, no one has played a more active role than Peter Neve. His retirement in 1994 coincides with his fortieth year at the site, including three decades as director. These years produced a long list of stupendous discoveries and won Neve an ever widening circle of friends.

68 Plants and People in Ancient Anatolia
Mark Nesbitt
Archaeobotany in the Near East has scored numerous advances, and excavations in Turkey played an especially significant role in spurring recognition that agriculture and diet are integral to an understanding of the past. Though still a youngster in the field, archaeobotany offers insight into every period of the human past.

82 Hittite Pottery and Potters
Robert C. Henrickson
That's the way the cooking pot crumbles! How a vessel breaks provides evidence for how it was made. A technological analysis of pottery from recently renewed excavations at Late Bronze Age Gordion demonstrates strong connections to the Hittite ceramic tradition.

91 A Hittite Seal from Megiddo
Itamar Singer
A tiny seal unearthed by the excavators of Megiddo in the 1930s belonged to Anu-ziti. Its inscription states his profession: "charioteer." This title, borne by official diplomats of Hatti and vassal states, offers further witness to the importance of this station on the diplomatic route between the Hittite and the Egyptian royal courts.

94 An Urartian Ozymandias
Paul Zimansky
Make room on the roster of great builders of the Iron Age Near East--from Solomon to Sargon--for a forgotten potentate who ruled an Urartian kingdom in the highland region around Lakes Van and Urmia. Though he inspired no legends and left a meager impression on the written record, Rusa II, the last great king of Urartu, may have been the Iron Age's most energetic instigator of building projects.

101 Swords, Armor, and Figurines
K. Aslihan Yener
Metal mining and manufacture were critical high technologies in the ancient world: metal provided the standard of value, medium of exchange, and the raw material of tool and weapon industries. Analysis of the "fingerprints" of ores and artifacts has begun to display the complex tableau of ancient metal industries. Lead-isotope analysis clarifies the dynamics of provisioning metal in the Late Bronze Age Hittite empire.

108 Oil in Hittite Texts
Harry A. Hoffner, Jr.
Hittite literature urges: Give bread to the hungry, water to the thirsty, clothes to the naked, and to the desiccated, give oil. Oil was one of the minimal essentials in ancient Anatolia, as in the rest of the Near East. Sleuthing the various Hittite words for oils, lard, grease, and fat, philologist Hoffner discovers the basic Hittite word for oil, and catalogs its multifarious uses.

115 Arti-Facts
Desperately Seeking Faustus (Lamps). DIGMASTER. Flood Damage at Thebes. News from Tel 'Ein Zippori and Sepphoris. Plus reviews of Anatolia and the Balkans, and Anatolia: Land, Men, and Gods in Asia Minor.

On the cover: Bogazköy, 150 km east of the Turkish capital of Ankara. Excavations of the ancient Hittite capital have been underway for over a century, conducted by the German Institute of Archaeology.