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Biblical Archaeologist

Biblical ArchaeologistPerspectives on the Ancient World from Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean
A Publication of the American Schools of Oriental Research

Volume 58 Number 1
March 1995

Early Egyptian Presence in Canaan

2 Herders or Homesteaders? A Neolithic Farm in Wadi Ziqlab, Jordan
E. B. Banning
Around 8000 BCE, the early farming villages of the Neolithic revolution disappeard. Explanations have been offered--from invasions, to socio-political dysfunction--but stilllthe question remains: where did the villagers go? Through systematic sampling of stream terraces, the Wadi Ziqlab Project is exposing Late Neolithic campsites and other small sites that hold the promise of putting the heirs of the first villagers back on the map.

14 Searching for Benchmarks in the Biblical World: The Development of Joseph A. Callaway as Field Archaeologist Gerald L. Mattingly
Collected as carefully as his stratigraphic data, Callaway's correspondence opens a revealing vista on his archaeological life. Letters show that Albright, Wright, and Kenyon regarded him as an exemplary field archaeologist. Apart from his field work, Callaway left a legacy of contributions to the dialogue between archaeological and biblical research.

26 New Light on King Narmer and the Protodynastic Egyptian Presence in Canaan
Thomas E. Levy, Edwin C.M. van den Brink, Yuval Goren, and David Alon
Immortalized on a stunning palette, Narmer, the last king of Egyptian Dynasty 0, has surfaced in the southern Negev in the form of his serekh (royal emblem) incised on the shoulder of an Egyptian store jar. Clear stratigraphy bolsters the value of this early manifestation of relations between Egypt and the southern Levant.

37 Origin and Early History of the Qumran Sect
Lawrence H. Schiffman
The Halakhic Letter (MMT) details debates over sacrificial law and ritual purity that fueled the schism that produced the Qumran sect. Originating among disaffected Sadducees, the letter derives from an early point in the sect's history. When the Hasmonean high priesthood failed to respond, the dissident group withdrew into the wilderness by the shores of the Dead Sea.

49 Notes, News, and Reviews
Flying Amphora! Bob Hohlfelder investigates the mysterious "Cave of the Amphoras" off the coast of Cyprus. Plus, excavations at Çadir Höyük and a review of the new edition of Finegan's classic The Archaeology of the New Testament.

On the cover: The recently discovered royal emblem (serekh sign) of Narmer incised on a strore jar sherd excavated from the Halif Terrace, Israel, is superimposed upon the verso of the Narmer Palette. Narmer, last king of the Egyptian Dynasty 0, prepares to strike a captive from the Delta region.