Neidle, MacLaughlin, Bahan, and Kegl (1996).
Non-Manual Correlates of Syntactic Agreement in American Sign Language.
Report No. 2, American Sign Language Linguistic Research Project. Boston University.

This article is intended to illustrate how language research that is based on videotaped data can be distributed in conjunction with the actual data. The article specifically presents our own research on the structure of American Sign Language, focusing in particular on the non-manual expression of syntactic information. Videotaped examples are provided for all grammatical sentences referenced in the article. The sentences are signed by a native ASL signer (Benjamin Bahan, one of the co-authors of the article).

The article is being distributed in portable document format (pdf). It can be read using the Adobe Acrobat Reader, version 2.1 (or greater). The movie plug-in for Acrobat Reader is also required. The Adobe software is available without cost from

The movie files may be viewed from platforms that support the QuickTime capability. For MacOS systems, QuickTime version 2.0 or greater is required. For Windows, Apple QuickTime 2.0 or later or Microsoft Video for Windows is required. The QuickTime software may be obtained from

Each example sentence is contained in a separate movie file. All the movie files associated with this article take up about 40 Mb. of disk space. Note that it is not necessary to download all the movie files. You can still see what is possible in this electronic document format by downloading just a few movie files.

Downloading note: The files that comprise the report are listed below. Click on the icon to the left to download the associated file. Note, however, that depending on the configuration of your browser, simply clicking on the link may or may not copy the file to your hard drive (for example, your browser may be configured to view the file within the browser's window). However, all browsers provide a way to override the default behavior. For example, on MacOS systems, holding down the Option key while selecting a link will force the linked file to be saved to your hard drive.

NOTE: If you are using Aladdin's Stuffit Expander software, please make sure you are using a recent version. (If you are using Stuffit Expander 4.5 for Macintosh, make sure its preferences are set to not perform any cross-platform conversion on text files. If conversion is performed, the pdf files will become corrupted; see

Installation note: The movie files should be placed in a directory called "movies", and the pdf file should be placed in the same folder as the "movies" directory, as suggested by the schematic below. This will ensure that Acrobat Reader will be able to automatically locate the movie files that are linked to the example sentences.

Report 2, a pdf document [642 k]


Sentence 1 [1.4 mb]


Sentence 2 [1.3 mb]


Sentence 3 [1.5 mb]


Sentence 4 [1.3 mb]


Sentence 6 [1.2 mb]


Sentence 7 [1 mb]


Sentence 8 [1.1 mb]


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Sentence 12 [1 mb]


Sentence 14 (also the same as sentence 22) [1.1 mb]


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Sentence 21 [1 mb]


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Sentence 24 [1.3 mb]


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Sentence 29 [1 mb]


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Sentence 32 [550 k]


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Sentence 39 [600 k]


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Sentence 42 [800 k]


Sentence 43 [1 mb]


Sentence 44 [750 k]

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