Ivy Krull, Ph.D.

Associate Director, Postdoctoral Fellow

Over the last 13 years, Ivy Krull has specialized in implementing state-of-the art technology and outreach to impact healthcare communications and behavior change. She has focused her academic and professional career on building, scaling, and expanding organizations in both the early stage/start-up and the non-profit arena. Her research focuses on vulnerable populations, addiction, depression screening, and health behavior change. Ms. Krull has a bachelor’s degree from Harvard University and an M.S.W. and M.P.H. from Boston University.  She recently completed her Ph.D. in Sociology and Social Work.

Dr. Krull’s CV:

Education

Ph.D. 2013 Boston University Interdisciplinary Ph.D. Program in Social Work and Sociology, Boston, MA
M.P.H. 2008 Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA
M.S.W. 2005 Boston University School of Social Work, Boston, MA
A.L.B. 1995 Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

Appointments

2013 – Present

Postdoctoral Fellow
Center for Addictions Research and Services
Boston University School of Social Work 

  • Conduct research on organizational factors affecting addiction treatment
  • Serve as the Associate Director, Center for Addictions Research and Services
  • Teach graduate-level Research coursework to M.S.W. Candidates
  • Develop and facilitate Independent Study course offerings for M.S.W. Candidates interested in Social Welfare Policy.

2009 – 2013

Doctoral Student
Center for Addictions Research and Services
Boston University School of Social Work 

Implement federally-funded evaluation projects, including: developing and implementing data collection and data management protocols; developing databases and conducting data analyses including bivariate and multivariate analyses (chi-square, ANOVA, linear regression, logistic regression, cluster analyses); drafting reports for funders and government agencies. Disseminate research through conferences and publications.  Write and manage grant application processes including Federal applications, for example, to NIH, NIAAA, SAMHSA and HRSA.

Serve as Director of Evaluation on the following project:

Health Resources and Services Administration-funded (HRSA) (PI Dr. Lena Lundgren):  “In the Community Mental Health Training for Social Workers” (2012 – 2015).

Served as Data Analyst on the following projects:

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation funded (PI Dr. Lena Lundgren):  “Factors Associated With Adopting Evidence-Based Substance Abuse Treatment Practices in Community Organizations Funded through Federal Program Efforts: A National Study” (2008 – 2012).

SAMHSA/CSAP funded (PI Dr. Lena Lundgren):  “LaVoz Homeless Treatment Project: Focusing on HIV/AIDS, Housing and Substance Abuse Treatment for Homeless Latino Substance Abusers.” (2008 – 2013); “Outcome Evaluation of Tu Bienestar – HIV Prevention and Mental Health Services to Latino Substance Users” (2008 – 2013); “La Voz: HIV Mobile Prevention and Clinical Care for Latino Injection Drug Users” (2006 – 2011).

Served as Editorial Assistant for:

Evaluation and Program Planning (2011) special issue on addiction treatment programs: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01497189/34.

2012 – Present

Adjunct Faculty

Emmanuel CollegeSociology Department Teach SOC 1101 (Introduction to Sociology) with a focus on health and wellness in American culture.  Develop course content and teach SOC 1111 (Introduction to Social Work).

 

2012

Adjunct Faculty

Boston UniversitySchool of Social Work Taught Masters-level students the social welfare policy series of courses, including creation of policy task-force initiatives.  Focus on conception, scope and history of social welfare in the United States, social justice frameworks, theory and implementation of policy.
Merrimack CollegeSociology Department Taught undergraduate-level Statistical Analysis course, focusing on quantitative analysis (bivariate and multivariable analysis) in the social sciences.  Developed unique non-book teaching approach, specific to Sociology department requirements.

2012

Committee on Doctoral Methods Requirements – Student Representative
Boston University School of Social Work

Served as the sole Doctoral Student Representative on the committee developing/evaluating approaches to strengthen the quantitative focus of the PhD program.

2011

Teaching Fellow, Research I
Boston University School of Social Work

Assisted in course preparation, delivery and grading.  Led specific topic sessions, including:  quantitative and qualitative methods, group activities and data interpretation discussions.

2010 – 2012

Invited Lecturer
Boston University School of Social Work and Sociology Department

Invited to lead class session for Introduction to Sociology (Dr. Sigrun Olafsdottir, undergraduate students) Qualitative Methods and Perspectives on Social Welfare Policy (Dr. Robert Hudson, Ph.D. students) Current Welfare Policy Considerations, and Research I (Dr. Sara Bachman, M.S.W. students).

Other Professional Experience

2004 – 2010

Vice President, Interaction Design (Health Behavior Change Model)
Eliza Corporation

As a member of the Senior Management Team at a healthcare-related angel-funded startup, created the initial process, strategy and operational team to produce Eliza’s core product – interactional content (such as automated interactive phone call scripting, email content, mailing content) to inspire participants to change their behavior and lead healthier, more productive lives.

2002 – 2004

Director of Operations (promoted from Senior Account Manager)
Medaptus

Created effective physician charge capture billing process changes to maximize accurate coding (ICD and CBT) and billing practices.  Led trainings, facilitated the creating of training materials, created a train-the-trainer model.  Created technical environments, specifications and processes.

2001 – 2002

Senior Implementation Engineer
NaviNet (formerly NaviMedix)

Managed projects for large-scale health insurance companies, evaluated their in-office and billing processes by facilitating fact-gathering processes and meeting, producing organizational documentation and translating this documentation into technical specifications that could enable NaviNet to streamline their preauthorization, provider directory search and prior approval processes.

1997 – 2000

Technical Consultant
McKesson (formerly HPR and HBOC)

Served as customer point-of-contact for a provider credentialing and case management software suite, led on-site requirements gathering sessions and configured databases (SQL Server, Oracle) to meet customer needs.

1995 – 1997

Level Two Teacher, Case Manager, Residential Lead
The New England Center for Children (formerly The New England Center for Autism)

Taught children with severe special needs, wrote and implemented IEPs, created and organized curriculum, prepared schedules and completed trainings.  Designed, implemented, analyzed and presented randomized controlled trial projects.

Honors and Awards

Individual Awards

2012    Boston University Dissertation Award recipient

2005    Recipient of the Sarah Lange Award for Social Justice, Boston University

1995    Teacher of the Month, New England Center for Autism, Framingham, MA

1995    Recipient, Federal Autism Educator Education Grant (1 year program), Northeastern University, Boston, MA

Company Awards

2009    Entrepreneur Magazine, “Nation’s 100 Companies to Watch: Healthcare” (member of Senior Management Team, Eliza Corporation, Beverly, MA)

2009    URAC award with Kaiser Permanente, helping individuals make better healthcare decisions (member of Senior Management Team, Eliza Corporation, Beverly, MA)

2007    Recipient of “New England Innovation Award”, SBANE, (Eliza Corporation, Beverly, MA)

2007    Recipient of “Best Use of Technology to Promote Patient Care” award, CDHCC/NHWPC (Eliza Corporation, Beverly, MA)

Professional and Community Appointments

2002 – 2008

AFC (Adoption Foster Care) Mentoring
Mentor/Board Member

Served as Board Member, elected Board Clerk and a member of the Development and Founder-evaluation sub-committees.  Also worked (as a mentor) to develop inroads with the Department of Children and Families.  Trained new mentors. Defined, led and executed fundraising initiatives.  Wrote for government and local grants.

2004

Massachusetts Families for Kids
Lifelong Family Connections Consultant

Worked with Program Executive Director to implement a child-based intervention model linking foster youth with a support system during the aging-out process (building a Family Consultation Team and Community of Care).  Developed materials and intervention strategies to aid youth in their engagement with the support model.  Led and participated in meetings with constituents at all levels including family, community supports, advocate teams and collaborative non-profit agencies.

2002 – 2003

Speak Out Team
Team Participant/Member

Traveled to organizations around the state and spoke about personal experience in foster care.  Led dialogue and discussion on issues pertaining to child welfare and foster care.  Trained educators, Social Services workers and future lawyers on the impact of the foster care experience.

Publications  

      Refereed Journal Articles

Krull, I., Lundgren, L., Beltrame, C. (2014).  Association between addiction treatment staff professional and educational levels and perceptions of organizational climate and resources.  Substance Abuse, 35(1):3-6.

Lundgren, L., Amodeo, M., Chassler, D., Krull, I., Sullivan, L. (2013). Organizational readiness for change in community-based addiction treatment programs and adherence in implementing evidence-based practices: A national study. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 45:5, 457 – 465.

Krull, I., Lundgren, L., Zerden, L. (2011). Attitudes toward evidence-based pharmacological treatments among community-based addiction treatment programs targeting vulnerable population groups.  Journal of Addictive Diseases, 30:4, 323 – 333. PMID: 22026524.

Lundgren, L., Krull, I., Zerden, L., & McCarty, D. (2011). Community-based addiction treatment staff attitudes about the usefulness of science-based addiction treatment and CBO organizational linkages to research institutions. Evaluation and Program Planning, 34(4), 356-365. PMID: 21396714.

Lundgren, L., Amodeo, M., Krull, I., Chassler, D., Weidenfeld, R., de Saxe Zerden, L., . . . Beltrame, C. (2011). Addiction treatment provider attitudes on staff capacity and evidence-based clinical training: Results from a national study. The American Journal on Addictions, 20(3), 271-284. doi:10.1111/j.1521-0391.2011.00127.x PMID: 21477056.

Krull, I. (2009). …And healthcare access for all: Addressing health disparities. http://www.healthmgttech.com/enews/2009_April/hmt_enews_story1.aspx

Dissertation

Krull, I. (2012). Government funding requirements to promote implementation of evidence- based practices in community-based addiction treatment organizations: the association between types of requirements and CBO staff reports of barriers to EBP implementation. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation).  Boston University, Boston, MA.

Patents

Merrow, L., Drane, A., Krull, I. (2008).  U.S. Patent Number WO/2008/095002.  Systems and Techniques for Producing Spoken Voice Prompts. Washington, D.C. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Lavoie, L., Merrow, L., Drane, A., Rizzo, F., Krull, I. (2008). U.S. Patent Number WO/2008/092085.  Systems and Methods for Producing Build Calls. Washington, D.C. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Presentations

Juried Papers

Krull I., Lundgren, L., Zerden, L. (2013). Treatment unit organizational readiness: Characteristics of organizations and staff. Oral Presentation. Addiction Health Services Research, Portland, Oregon.

Krull I., Lundgren, L. (2013). The role of federal funding mechanism and staff perception of barriers to evidence-based practice implementation in community-based treatment organizations. Oral Presentation. Addiction Health Services Research, Portland, Oregon.

Krull, I., Lundgren, L., Beltrame, C. (2013). Addiction treatment staff professional and educational experiences and perceptions of organizational capacity.  Oral presentation. Society for Social Work and Research. San Diego, CA.

Krull, I., Lundgren, L., Beltrame, C. (2012). Addiction treatment staff professional and educational experiences and perceptions of organizational capacity.  Oral presentation. Addiction Health Services Research. New York City, New York.

Lundgren, L., Amodeo, M., Chassler, D., Krull, I., Sullivan, L. (2012). Staff modifications of evidence-based practices and role of organizational readiness for change in addiction treatment organizations: A national study  Oral presentation.  Addiction Health Services Research, New York City, New York.

Lundgren, L., Chassler, D., Amodeo, M., D’Ippolito, M., Sullivan, L. Krull, I. (2012). Barriers to implementation of evidence-based addiction treatment: A national study. Oral presentation.  Joint World Conference on Social Work and Social Development.  Stockholm, Sweden.

Krull, I., Lundgren, L., Zerden, L. (2011). Attitudes toward evidence-based pharmacological treatments among community-based addiction treatment programs targeting vulnerable population groups.  Oral presentation.  Addiction Health Services Research National Conference, Fairfax, VA.

Amodeo, M., Lundgren, L., Beltrame, C., Chassler, D., Cohen, A., D’Ippolito, M. & Krull, I. (2011). Addiction treatment staff reports on facilitating factors in implementing evidence-based practices: Positive elements in the implementation process.  Oral presentation.  Addiction Health Services Research National Conference, Fairfax, VA.

Lundgren, L., Amodeo, M. Chassler, D. Cohen, A., Krull, I. (2010). Attitudes toward evidence-based behavioral and pharmacological treatments among community-based addiction treatment programs targeting vulnerable patient groups. Paper presented at the Addictions Conference, Arlington, VA.

Lundgren, L., Amodeo, M., Krull, I., Chassler, D., Weidenfeld, R., Zerden, L.D., Gowler, R., Lederer, J., Cohen, A., Beltrame, C. (2010).  Addiction treatment provider attitudes on staff capacity and evidence-based clinical training: Results from a national study. Paper presented at the Addictions Conference, Arlington, VA.

Lundgren, L., Amodeo, M., Cohen, A., Chassler, D., Horowitz, A., Krull, I. (2010).  Modifications of evidence based practices in community-based addiction treatment organizations: A qualitative research study.  Paper presented at the Addictions Conference, Arlington, VA.

Lundgren, L., Amodeo, M. Chassler, D. Cohen, A., Krull, I. (2010). Attitudes toward evidence-based behavioral and pharmacological treatments among community-based addiction treatment programs targeting vulnerable patient groups. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association Conference, Denver, CO.

Lundgren, L., Amodeo, M., Cohen, A., Chassler, D., Horowitz, A., Krull, I. (2010).  Modifications of evidence-based practices in community-based addiction treatment organizations: A qualitative research study.  Paper presented at the American Public Health Association Conference, Denver, CO.

Lundgren, L., Amodeo, M., Krull, I., Chassler, D., Weidenfeld, R., Zerden, L.D., Gowler, R., Lederer, J., Cohen, A., Beltrame, C. (2010).  Addiction treatment provider attitudes on staff capacity and evidence-based clinical training: Results from a national study. Paper presented at the Addictions Health Services and Research Conference, Lexington, KY.

Lundgren, L., Krull, I., Zerden, L., McCarty, D. (2010). Community-based addiction treatment staff attitudes about the usefulness of science based addiction treatment and CBO organizational linkages to research institutions. Paper presented at the Addictions Health Services and Research Conference, Lexington, KY.

Chang, A., Krull, I. (2010).  Improving Persistency to Maintenance Medication Therapy through an Interactive Voice Response (IVR) Program.  Poster presented at Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy 2010 Conference.

Krull, I. (2009).  Medication refill receptivity: Improving rates through applications of behavioral economics in IVR outreach.  Paper presented at IAREP-SABE (International Association for Research in Economic Psychology and Society for Advances in Behavioral Economics), Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Krull, I. (2008).  Interactive voice response system advancements: Culturally-sensitive call flows. Paper presented at the American Public Health Association Conference, San Diego, CA.

Invited Lectures

Krull, I. (2009). Ix Therapy: Ix solutions for addressing language and health literacy issues.  Invited Webinar Presenter, Information Therapy (consumer point-of-care information sharing healthcare initiative), Boston, MA.

Krull, I. (2009). Engaging members in uncertain times.  Invited Webinar Presenter, Eliza Corporation (behavior change healthcare organization), Beverly, MA.

Krull, I. (2008).  Making Healthcare Personal.  Invited Panelist, Duke University Fuqua School of Business Healthcare Conference.  Durham, NC

Krull, I. (2007). Race and ethnicity in healthcare decision making.  Invited Speaker, HELN (Healthcare Executive Leadership Network).  San Antonio, TX.