Rehabilitation of sentence comprehension deficits

Many aphasic patients have difficulties with the use of syntax to decode messages. Most patients do not have specific deficits affecting syntactic operations or parsing/interpretive operations (Caplan & Waters, 2006; Caplan et al, 2006, 2007; Dede & Caplan, 2006). This view of syntactic comprehension deficits is more optimistic about generalization of successful training from one structure to another. Therefore, if therapy impacts the ability to utilize resources to subserve syntactic comprehension, successful training might generalize to all structures or to structures that require the same or fewer resources. We have developed two new treatments, one based on sentence to picture matching (SPM) and the other based on object manipulation (OM), that train patients on the relationship between syntactic structure and the meanings of sentences.

Our publications in this topic include:

Kiran, S., Caplan, D., Sandberg, C., Levy, J., Berardino, A., Ascenso, E., Villard, S., & Tripodis, Y. (2012). Development of a Theoretically Based Treatment for Sentence Comprehension Deficits in Individuals With Aphasia. Am J Speech Lang Pathol, 21(2), S88-102. doi: 10.1044/1058-0360(2012/11-0106

Levy, J., Hoover, E., Waters, G., Kiran, S., Caplan, D., Berardino, A., & Sandberg, C. (2012). Effects of Syntactic Complexity, Semantic Reversibility, and Explicitness on Discourse Comprehension in Persons With Aphasia and in Healthy Controls. Am J Speech Lang Pathol, 21(2), S154-165. doi: 10.1044/1058-0360(2012/11-0104

Kiran, S., Des Roches, C., Villard, S. & Tripodis, Y. (2015). The effect of a sentence comprehension treatment on discourse comprehension in aphasia. Aphasiology. DOI: 10.1080/02687038.2014.997182. NIHMS #648981