2007 State of Africa Report
The 2007 State of Africa Report was released February 19, 2008 at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Highlights From The African Leaders State of Africa Report 2007
[Benin has undertaken steps to assume] responsibility for the transfer expenses in the health sector through the progressive implementation of subsidies for health care benefiting pregnant women and children under five years of age, as well as the fight against major endemic diseases, notably malaria and cholera.
Today well over 95 percent of [Botswana’s] population lives within 15 kilometres of a public health facility … [Botswana] has made progress in reducing mother-to-child [HIV/AIDS] transmission from 40 percent to six percent, the number of home-based care patients from 12,000 to 4,000, testing over 98 percent of pregnant women, treating over 90,000 people out of an estimated not more than 100,000 people needing treatment, and reducing the rate of infection.
[In 2007], 34 percent of the population had registered [for mutual health insurance schemes]; 25 percent had either paid up their premiums fully or belonged to exempt groups; and close to 18 percent had been issued ID cards, entitling them to free access to health services covered by the National Health Insurance Scheme . [In 2008], the Scheme is expected to achieve 55 percent coverage.
From [Mozambique’s] initiative launched in February of 2006 a working plan has resulted in which HIV/AIDS prevention is emphasized as the primary weapon against the pandemic and the localization of prevention messages is seen as a challenge to better reach and raise awareness among the majority of Mozambicans to the reality of HIV and AIDS.
Improving governance also means having a sound statistical database of social dynamics within [South Africa]. In this regard, two major surverys [were] undertaken in 2007 … As of January 2007, 6,000 field workers from Statistics South Africa have gone out across the country to collect information on 280,000 households chosen to participate in a Community Survey, which will give government as accurate as possible a snapshot of the circumstances of citizens in every part of the country.
Today, the Public Service Reform Programme is a “homegrown” and locally driven effort. The current Programme was designed and is managed by a Tanzanian public service team …. Another achievement worth mentioning is the adoption of meritocratic principles in the management of human resources in the public service, where people are recruited, promoted, and rewarded on the basis of their qualifications.
During Zambia’s current chairmanship of SADC, it will continue to consolidate the formation of the SADC Free Trade Area by 2008 as a prerequisite to all regional customs union. In addition, Zambia
shall solicit on behalf of SADC for funding to develop adequate regional trans-boundary infrastructure, in order to support much needed connectivity in areas like water, transport, energy, communications, and information technology.
[Benin] has made a significant step in straightening out [its]
budgetary situation, through the stabilization of public finances, the recovery of major macroeconomic equilibria, and a greater mobilization of internal resources
Total domestic employment increased by 59 percent since 1998: from about 345,000 to 550,000 jobs by last year. By way of contrast, at independence local employment stood at only 14,000.
[Ghana’s] current growth is 6.2 percent. From 40.5 percent in 2000, inflation now stands at 10.2 percent, while the commercial banks’ lending rate, which stood at over 50 percent five years ago, is now around 20 percent and is still falling.
[Mozambique] predicts seven percent growth for 2007. The major areas which contributed to this global performance were agricultural production, with nearly nine percent, construction with 11 percent, commerce with 14 percent, and transportation and communication with 16 percent.
[South Africa has] seen steady progress in the advancement of black people in the economy. From owning just over three percent of the market capitalization of the JSE in 2004, this has increased to five percent; and the proportion of blacks in top management has grown from 24 percent of the total to 75 percent.
Since the mid-1990s, [Tanzania’s] economy has been growing at more than five percent, GDP per capita has nearly doubled, budget deficits are minimal, inflation has fallen to about five percent per annum, and on the whole the macroeconomic framework is now back on track and the fiscal situation is sound.
In Zambia, the economy grew by 6.2 percent last year and inflation declined to the single digits for the first time in 30 years… Zambia has made steady progress and is likely to meet eight of the MDG Millennium Development Goals] targets by 2015.