2005 State of Africa Report

2005 coverThe 2005 State of Africa Report was released February 22, 2006 at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa.

 

Highlights From The African Leaders’ State of Africa Report 2005

Governance Highlights

Benin

“After two five-year terms, and in strict compliance with the Constitution of December 11, 1990, it is with faith and conviction that we will pass the baton following the presidential elections of March 2006.”

Botswana

“The aim of the Trade Act 2003 and its regulations of 2005 is to decentralize further the issuance of trade licenses to local authorities and reduce the overall time for issuance of the licenses.”

Mauritius

“Mauritius is considering the setting up of new polytechnic schools, which will be known as ‘Instituts  de Formation d’ Education Tertiare’ and which will offer courses leading to a higher national diploma in areas such tourism, agro-industry, and information technology.”

Namibia

“On 21 March 2005 our country witnessed … a smooth transition of presidential power in a peaceful, democratic, and constitutional manner.”

“Enrollments in vocational and technical education have increased twelvefold since 1992, and tertiary enrollments have increased by more than 50 percent since 1991.”

South Africa

“… Since May 2004 [we have] developed strategies and investment plans upward of ZAR 180 billion in relation to transport logistics, electricity, and water resources.”

Tanzania

“210 bills were passed in this House, helping to strengthen good governance; to facilitate economic, political, and social reforms; as well as to strengthen government capacity to deliver and enhance national unity. … The Parliament has been institutionally strengthened by establishing standing sectoral committees that discuss bills, resolutions, and budget estimates exhaustively and in greater transparency. The introduction of public hearings on issues of national importance enables members of Parliament to listen to and internalize public perceptions and views ahead of parliamentary debates and decisions.”

Economic Highlights

Botswana

“A government-funded coal-bed, methane gas study has also now been completed, and its results indicate that the coal beds of Botswana contain an estimated in situ gas of sixty trillion cubic feet, with prospects for commercial viability for 15 to 20 percent of the deposits.”

Ghana

“… The GDP [gross domestic product] growth rate, which was projected at 5.2 percent by the close of [the] year 2004, has exceeded all expectation and achieved a rate of 5.8 percent. …[The Ghana Stock Exchange] continues to be among the highest-performing exchanges on the continent, with the GSE all-share index recording a growth of 91.3 percent at the close of last year.”

Mauritius

“An Empowerment Fund with a government contribution of Rs. 200 million will be created to support the SMEs [small and medium enterprises].”

Namibia

“Tourism has grown rapidly in recent years, from approximately 254,000 international tourist arrivals in 1993 to more than 700,000 in 2004.”

South Africa

“[B]usiness plans for the agricultural credit scheme have been approved, … with the capital of ZAR 1 billion already allocated. … In addition, ZAR 100 million has been transferred to provinces for the implementation of the farmer-support programme.”

Tanzania

“We have managed to bring down inflation from 27.1 percent in 1995 to 4.3 percent last year. Parallel to this, real GDP [gross domestic product] growth increased from 3.6 percent in 1995 to 6.7 percent in 2004. Foreign reserves have increased substantially. Government revenues have risen from a monthly average of Tshs. 37.4 billion in fiscal year 1995–1996 to a monthly average of over Tshs. 140 billion in fiscal year 2004–2005.”