2002 State of Africa Report

cover largeThe 2002 Report was released on President’s Day, February 17, 2003.

The release of this inaugural African Leader’s State of
Africa Report
is particularly relevant.

First, against the backdrop of a heightened security alert
in the United States, this report punctuates an important point that should not be forgotten:  America has allies in the
fight against terrorism in Africa. We can strengthen our national security by strengthening our partnerships with the thirteen African Countries featured in the report (and others like them).  A partnership with the U.S. should enhance their economic security, offer trade opportunities and increase cultural and intellectual exchange.

There is a connection between poverty alleviation and
eradicating potential safe havens for terrorists. This report underscores the potential the United States has to mitigate opportunities for terrorists to flourish in these countries – terrorism can and has found  fertile fields in Africa. Now, the U.S. has the opportunity to ensure that these thirteen Countries remain our Allies.

Secondly, there is this seemingly impending war with Iraq
and the concern about the economic impact of such as recently expressed by African leaders.  This report clarifies the economic stakes of this war for African countries and offers the background information necessary to have the present administration address their concerns.

Thirdly, this report makes a unique and important contribution to the fund of knowledge available to policymakers, scholars and students interested in Africa. No where else do we get the collected first hand perspectives of the Heads of State offering exceptional and inimitable insights into the challenges and opportunities in Africa.  Their perspectives ought inform the deliberations of policymakers in both the public and private sectors.

Africa is more than the sum of its problems. There is no more emphatic statement of that than the benchmarks in progress noted by the leaders contributing to this report. The highlights show a glimpse at the more detailed insights contained in this document:

 

Highlights From The African Leaders State of Africa Report 2002

South Africa

  • “…When the first democratically elected government took office, we inherited a treasury in crisis. The fiscal deficit was over 9 percent and rising… this year’s budget deficit will not be higher than 1.7 percent of GDP.”
  • “Export of fully built-up motor vehicles have grown to well over 100,000 this year … within two or three years, South Africa will be exporting 250,000 motor vehicles annually.”
  • “In the land reform program, 444,000 hectares had been
    redistributed in the five years leading to the end of 1998; in the three years since then, the number has increased by 600,000 hectares. …While the number of houses built or under construction … currently stands at 1.2 million.”

Tanzania

  • “The GDP growth rate rose to 5.6 percent in 2001, from 4.9 percent in 2000, and is projected to rise to 5.9 percent in 2002.”
  • “The growth of the mining sector remained strong at 13.5 percent and its contribution to GDP increased to 2.5 percent.”
  • “By the end of October 2002, the rate of nflation was registered at 4.5 percent having remained below 5 percent since October 2001.”

Senegal

  • “Senegal came to the forefront in the fight against terrorism by being the first African country to organize and host a pan-African conference on terrorism on October 17, 2001. More than thirty-six countries attended the conference and adopted the Dakar Declaration against Terrorism.”
  • “(T)he privatization process, which is being carried out most smoothly. Senegal now has two mobile telecommunications operators and is on its way to the issuance of a third license, which the market demands.”
  • (T)ourism under President Wade has experienced an unprecedented expansion, with the number rising from 400,000 in the year 2000 to 700,000 in 2002.”

Nigeria

  • “(T)here are other new LNG as well as gas-to-liquid programmes that are currently ongoing. Consequently, by 2008, exportable LNG would have increased to over 25 million metric tons, amounting to revenue of more than 50 percent more than current earnings from crude.”
  • “Oil production capacity (has increased) from about 2.4 million to about 3 million barrels per day.”
  • “(T)he inflation has continued to fall since the first quarter of 2002. Inflation decelerated from about 19 percent in the first quarter of 2002 to about 14.8 percent at the end of the third quarter. We expect inflation to be around 14 percent at the end of 2002.”

Mozambique

  • (T)he resettlement and return to normalcy of 1.7 million citizens who had sought refuge in neighboring countries for over sixteen years of destabilizing war, and of 4.5 million displaced people, are indeed among Mozambique’s major political accomplishments.”
  • “This stable political environment, coupled with macroeconomic reforms, has made it possible to check inflation, stabilize our currency, and maintain the economy in a continuous growth average of 8 percent per year between 1994 and 2002, with double digit growth in 1997, 1998, and 2001.”
  • “(We have) witnessed the birth, on Mozambican soil, of a state-of-the-art aluminum smelting industry. I am talking about Mozal, a $2 billion investment in two plants, the first one of which is in full operation, with an expected output of 500,000 tons of aluminum ingots after the completion of the second phase.”

Mauritius

  • “The economy has sustained a 6 percent annual growth rate for the last two decades, first driven by sugar, then by textiles, apparel and tourism, and most recently, by financial services.”
  • “Mauritius is now classified as a middle-income country and ranks, on the basis of the recent Human Development Index for 173 countries sixty-seventh globally.”
  • “In 2001, 522 companies of the Industrial Free Zone employed 87,607 people. Textile exports to the United States, the European Union, and other markets generated $1 billion in 2001.”

Zambia

  • “Zambia has extensively reformed its trade regime, and today is one of the most liberalized in sub-Saharan Africa. As a result… there has been a surge in imports… reaching $1,258 million by 2001.”
  • “In 2001, the (tourism) sector grew by 24.2 percent, up from a growth rate of 12.3 percent.”
  • “By September 2002, a total of 256 companies had been privatized out of a working portfolio of 280.”