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Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Health: 2008 Year in Review

 

Below is a chronicle of the clinically relevant research covered by the newsletter in 2008. Click on a link below to go to a specific topic, then on a title to access the corresponding summary.

 

Adolescents/Young Adults

   Prevalence of Adolescent Substance Use Identified by Screening in Primary Care

   Characteristics of Adolescents Who Use Cannabis but Not Tobacco

   Supplement to Pediatrics Examines the Developmental Nature of Underage Drinking

   The Impact of Peer and Parental Modeling on Impaired Driving in Teenagers

   Alcohol Tolerance: Prevalence and Potential Implications in Young Drinkers

   Youth Cannabis Use Commonly Extends into Adulthood

   Prescription Drug Misuse Is Prevalent and Associated with Youth, Psychiatric Problems,
   and Other Substance Use

   College-Student Drinking Patterns during the First 4 Years

   Adolescent Cannabis Use Has a Dose-Response Association with Adverse Social
   Outcomes in Adulthood

   Longer Treatment with Buprenorphine-Naloxone Improves Outcomes in Opioid-dependent
   Young Adults

 

Alcohol, Health Outcomes

   Moderate Drinking May Improve Fasting Glucose in People with Diabetes

   Combining Healthy Behaviors, Including Moderate Drinking, Reduces MI in Women

   Rapid Test for Ethylene Glycol Poisoning

   Exhaustive Review of the Literature Reveals Even Moderate Alcohol Intake Increases Risk of
   Cancer
   Effects of Exercise and Alcohol Intake on Cardiovascular Risk and Total Mortality

   Wine, but Not Other Alcoholic Beverages, Associated with Less Dementia

   Does Moderate Alcohol Use Help Healthy Elderly Men Live to Age 90 Years?

   Alcohol Tolerance: Prevalence and Potential Implications in Young Drinkers

   Adopting Moderate Alcohol Consumption in Middle Age Reduces Cardiovascular Risk

   Alcohol, Postmenopausal Hormones, and Risk of Breast Cancer

   What Are the Risks of Risky Drinking?

   Hemoglobin A1C Levels Are Lower among People with Diabetes Who Consume Alcohol

   Differing Health Effects Related to Quantity and Frequency of Drinking

   Does Moderate Alcohol Use Protect against Low Bone Density and Osteoporotic Fractures?

   Moderate Wine Drinking Is Associated with Decreased Prevalence of Nonalcoholic Fatty
   Liver Disease

   Alcohol, Liver Enzymes, and Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

   Alcohol Contributes to Fall Risk among Working-aged Individuals

   Understanding of Risks and Benefits of Moderate Alcohol Intake is Low

 

Alcohol, Screening and Intervention

   Issues of Substance Abuse Dedicated to Screening and Brief Intervention

   Universal Screening, Assessment, and Treatment of Substance Use at Prenatal Visits
   Improves Obstetric Outcomes

   Provider Discussions May Improve Substance Abuse Treatment in HIV-infected Persons

   Computerized Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention May Reduce Hazardous Drinking

   Patient/Physician Discussion of Alcohol Use Is Low among HIV-infected Patients with
   Problem Drinking

   Telephone-based Stepped Care for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

   Brief Alcohol Counseling in the Emergency Department: The Details May Matter

   Brief Intervention Decreases Risky Alcohol Use in Postpartum Women

 

Alcohol, Treatment

   Extended-Release Naltrexone Works Particularly Well for Abstinent Patients with
   Dependence

   Relapse Risk in People with Remitted Alcohol Dependence

   Racial Differences in Alcohol Treatment Received and in Treatment Completed

   Do Patient Characteristics Moderate Naltrexone's Effects on Drinking?

   Topiramate Reduces Drinking in Adults with Alcohol Dependence

   Bupropion Added to Nicotine Replacement for Patients in Alcohol Treatment

   Baclofen for Alcohol Dependence in Patients with Cirrhosis

   Treatment for Alcohol Withdrawal Is Poor Despite Proven Therapies

   Levetiracetam (Keppra) Shows Promise in Treating Alcohol Dependence

   Topiramate, Physical Health, and Psychosocial Function in Adults with Alcohol Dependence

 

Amphetamine/Methamphetamine

   Oral Naltrexone Decreases Use and Extends Time to Relapse in Amphetamine Dependent
   Patients

   Trends and Complications among Hospitalized Pregnant Women with Stimulant Abuse

   Predicting Adverse Cardiovascular Effects of Methamphetamine

 

Cancer

   Exhaustive Review of the Literature Reveals Even Moderate Alcohol Intake Increases Risk
   of Cancer

   Alcohol, Postmenopausal Hormones, and Risk of Breast Cancer

   Differing Health Effects Related to Quantity and Frequency of Drinking

 

Cardiovascular Effects

   Alcohol Counseling Can Reduce Blood Pressure

   Combining Healthy Behaviors, Including Moderate Drinking, Reduces MI in Women

   Are Myocardial Infarction Survivors Who Smoke Marijuana at Higher Risk of Death?

   Adopting Moderate Alcohol Consumption in Middle Age Reduces Cardiovascular Risk

   Predicting Adverse Cardiovascular Effects of Methamphetamine

   Effect of Opioid Dependence Medications on Cardiac QT Intervals

   American Heart Association Releases Statement on Treatment of Cocaine-Associated
   Chest Pain

 

Cocaine

   Trends and Complications among Hospitalized Pregnant Women with Stimulant Abuse

   Crack Cocaine’s Effect on HIV Disease Progression in Women: What Are the
   Major Outcomes?

   American Heart Association Releases Statement on Treatment of Cocaine-Associated
   Chest Pain

 

Diabetes

   Moderate Drinking May Improve Fasting Glucose in People with Diabetes

   Hemoglobin A1C Levels Are Lower among People with Diabetes Who Consume Alcohol

   Alcohol, Liver Enzymes, and Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

 

Drugs, Health Outcomes

   Impact of Substance Use on Adherence to HIV Medications

   Persistent Hepatitis C Reinfection in Injection Drug Users Who Have Cleared the Virus

   Are Myocardial Infarction Survivors Who Smoke Marijuana at Higher Risk of Death?

   Crack Cocaine’s Effect on HIV Disease Progression in Women: What Are the Major
   Outcomes?

   Adolescent Cannabis Use Has a Dose-Response Association with Adverse Social
   Outcomes in Adulthood

 

Drugs, Screening and Intervention

   Prevalence of Adolescent Substance Use Identified by Screening in Primary Care

   Issues of Substance Abuse Dedicated to Screening and Brief Intervention

   Universal Screening, Assessment, and Treatment of Substance Use at Prenatal Visits
   Improves Obstetric Outcomes

   Brief Intervention for Illicit Drug Use in Primary Health Care Settings: Does It Work?

 

Drugs, Treatment

   Death Before, During, and After Opioid Maintenance Treatment

   Can Sexual Risk Reduction Be Addressed in Substance Use Treatment Programs?

   Provider Discussions May Improve Substance Abuse Treatment in HIV-infected Persons

   National Survey Reveals Increased Drug Use by Adults, with Few Receiving Treatment

   Inpatient Medical Care Plus Substance Use Treatment Improves Health Services Utilization

   Melatonin, Benzodiazepines, and Sleep Quality among Patients Receiving Methadone

   Methadone Maintenance Plus Syringe Exchange Reduces HIV and HCV Incidence

   A Brief Screen for Classifying Pain Severity in Patients with Opioid Dependence

   Effect of Opioid Dependence Medications on Cardiac QT Intervals

   Availability of Smoking Cessation Treatment for Patients in Substance Abuse Treatment
   Programs

   Adherence to Practice Guidelines Improves Outcomes of Opiate Agonist Treatment

   Substance Abuse Treatment among Patients with HIV and Mental Illness

   Naltrexone Implantation versus Methadone Maintenance for Heroin Dependence: Impact
   on Drug-Related Hospitalization

   Methadone Detoxification Remains No Match for Methadone Maintenance, Even with
   Minimal Counseling

   Effectiveness of a Smoking Cessation Intervention in Substance Abuse Treatment Programs

   Buprenorphine with Drug Counseling Is Superior to Oral Naltrexone with Counseling or
   Counseling Alone for Heroin Dependence

 

HIV/AIDS

   Impact of Substance Use on Adherence to HIV Medications

   Crack Cocaine’s Effect on HIV Disease Progression in Women: What Are the Major
   Outcomes?

   Provider Discussions May Improve Substance Abuse Treatment in HIV-infected Persons

   Patient/Physician Discussion of Alcohol Use Is Low among HIV-infected Patients with
   Problem Drinking

   Substance Abuse Treatment among Patients with HIV and Mental Illness

   Drug-related HIV Risk Behaviors Decrease during Treatment with Buprenorphine/Naloxone
   in Primary Care

   Can Sexual Risk Reduction Be Addressed in Substance Use Treatment Programs?

 

Liver Disease

   Persistent Hepatitis C Reinfection in Injection Drug Users Who Have Cleared the Virus

   Methadone Maintenance Plus Syringe Exchange Reduces HIV and HCV Incidence

   Moderate Wine Drinking Is Associated with Decreased Prevalence of Nonalcoholic Fatty
   Liver Disease

   Baclofen for Alcohol Dependence in Patients with Cirrhosis

 

Marijuana

   Are Myocardial Infarction Survivors Who Smoke Marijuana at Higher Risk of Death?

   Youth Cannabis Use Commonly Extends into Adulthood

   Adolescent Cannabis Use Has a Dose-Response Association with Adverse Social
   Outcomes in Adulthood

 

Mortality

   Death Before, During, and After Opioid Maintenance Treatment

   Effects of Exercise and Alcohol Intake on Cardiovascular Risk and Total Mortality

   Does Moderate Alcohol Use Help Healthy Elderly Men Live to Age 90 Years?

   Are Myocardial Infarction Survivors Who Smoke Marijuana at Higher Risk of Death?

   Differing Health Effects Related to Quantity and Frequency of Drinking

   Opioid Maintenance Therapy Saves Lives

   Overdose Management Training and Take-home Naloxone for Opiate-Using Persons May
   Save Lives

 

Opioids

   Prescription Opioid Use and Diversion

   Similar Outcomes from Observed and Unobserved Dosing of Buprenorphine-Naloxone

   Effects of Buprenorphine after Accidental Ingestion by Children

   A Brief Screen for Classifying Pain Severity in Patients with Opioid Dependence

   Adherence to Practice Guidelines Improves Outcomes of Opiate Agonist Treatment

   Opioid Maintenance Therapy Saves Lives

   Naltrexone Implantation versus Methadone Maintenance for Heroin Dependence: Impact on
   Drug-Related Hospitalization

   Methadone Detoxification Remains No Match for Methadone Maintenance, Even with
   Minimal Counseling

   Prescription Opioid Use and Diversion

   Buprenorphine with Drug Counseling Is Superior to Oral Naltrexone with Counseling or
   Counseling Alone for Heroin Dependence

   Buprenorphine for Opioid Dependence: Why Is It Underprescribed?

   Overdose Management Training and Take-home Naloxone for Opiate-Using Persons May
   Save Lives

   Longer Treatment with Buprenorphine-Naloxone Improves Outcomes in Opioid-dependent
   Young Adults

   Prescription Drug Misuse Is Prevalent and Associated with Youth, Psychiatric Problems,
   and Other Substance Use

           

Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs

   Prescription Opioid Use and Diversion

   Prescription Drug Misuse Is Prevalent and Associated with Youth, Psychiatric Problems,
   and Other Substance Use

 

Pharmacotherapy, Alcohol

   Extended-Release Naltrexone Works Particularly Well for Abstinent Patients with
   Dependence

   Do Patient Characteristics Moderate Naltrexone's Effects on Drinking?

   Topiramate Reduces Drinking in Adults with Alcohol Dependence

   Bupropion Added to Nicotine Replacement for Patients in Alcohol Treatment

   Baclofen for Alcohol Dependence in Patients with Cirrhosis

   Treatment for Alcohol Withdrawal Is Poor Despite Proven Therapies

   Levetiracetam (Keppra) Shows Promise in Treating Alcohol Dependence

   Topiramate, Physical Health, and Psychosocial Function in Adults with Alcohol Dependence

 

Pharmacotherapy, Drugs

   Oral Naltrexone Decreases Use and Extends Time to Relapse in Amphetamine
   Dependent Patients

   Similar Outcomes from Observed and Unobserved Dosing of Buprenorphine-Naloxone

   Death Before, During, and After Opioid Maintenance Treatment

   Effects of Buprenorphine after Accidental Ingestion by Children

   Melatonin, Benzodiazepines, and Sleep Quality among Patients Receiving Methadone

   Methadone Maintenance Plus Syringe Exchange Reduces HIV and HCV Incidence

   Effect of Opioid Dependence Medications on Cardiac QT Intervals

   Opioid Maintenance Therapy Saves Lives

   Drug-related HIV Risk Behaviors Decrease during Treatment with Buprenorphine/ Naloxone
   in Primary Care

   Buprenorphine with Drug Counseling Is Superior to Oral Naltrexone with Counseling or
   Counseling Alone for Heroin Dependence

   Buprenorphine for Opioid Dependence: Why Is It Underprescribed?

   Overdose Management Training and Take-home Naloxone for Opiate-Using Persons May
   Save Lives

   Longer Treatment with Buprenorphine-Naloxone Improves Outcomes in Opioid-dependent
   Young Adults

 

Pregnancy/Perinatal Outcomes

   Trends and Complications among Hospitalized Pregnant Women with Stimulant Abuse

   Universal Screening, Assessment, and Treatment of Substance Use at Prenatal Visits
   Improves Obstetric Outcomes

   Brief Intervention Decreases Risky Alcohol Use in Postpartum Women

 

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