Do Racial and Ethnic Minority Drinkers Have More Alcohol Consequences than White Drinkers?
Researchers analyzed National Alcohol Survey data from 4080 current drinkers (69% white, 19% black, and 12% Hispanic) to assess racial differences in alcohol dependence symptoms and social consequences and to determine whether self-reported social disadvantages (e.g., poverty, unfair treatment, and racial/ethnic stigma) explained any observed racial differences. Heavy drinking* was stratified into none/low (69%), moderate (21%), and high (10%).
- More black (11%) and Hispanic (12%) than white (6%) participants had 2 or more alcohol dependence symptoms.
- More black (13%) and Hispanic (15%) than white (9%) participants had 1 or more alcohol-related social consequences (accidents; arguments/fights; or health, legal, and workplace problems).
- In separate adjusted analyses, black and Hispanic participants were significantly more likely than white participants to have 2 or more alcohol dependence symptoms (if they reported “none/low” or “moderate” heavy drinking), and to have to have 1 or more alcohol-related social consequences (the “none/low” category only). Odds ratios for the higher drinking categories were also elevated but did not reach statistical significance.
- Adding social disadvantages to the models did not change the results.