Alcohol Consumption Is Associated with Other Healthy Lifestyle Factors
The causal role of alcohol in cardioprotection remains uncertain. Researchers at the Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention measured alcohol intake, cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, and health status among 149,773 subjects in the urban Paris- Ile-de-France Cohort. Subjects were classified according to alcohol intake: i.e., never, low (<10 g per day), moderate (10–30 g per day), and high (>30 g per day). Former drinkers were analyzed as a separate group.
- After adjusting for age, men who drank moderately were more likely to display clinical and biological characteristics associated with lower CV risk (lower body mass index, heart rate, pulse pressure, fasting triglycerides, fasting glucose, and stress and depression scores as well as higher levels of subjective health status, respiratory function, social status, and physical activity).
- Women who drank moderately also had characteristics associated with lower CV risk (lower waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol).
- Alcohol intake was strongly associated with plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in both sexes.