Moderate or Higher Alcohol Intake: Increased Risk of Coronary Artery Disease in Men Presenting with Chest Pain or Abnormal ECG
A sample of Chinese men aged 36–84 years (N=1476) who presented sequentially for cardiac angiography due to chest pain or abnormal electrocardiograms (ECG) were evaluated for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) lesions according to their reported alcohol intake. Consumption categories included nondrinker (<1 drink per week), light drinker (1–6 drinks per week), moderate drinker (7–13 drinks per week), and heavy drinker (>13 drinks per week).
Adjusted* odds ratios (AORs) for angiographically confirmed CAD among light, moderate, and heavy drinkers were 1.16 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.68–1.94), 1.78 (95% CI, 1.35–2.27), and 2.18 (95% CI, 1.46–3.25), respectively.
Compared with nondrinkers, AORs were 1.03 for those who had been drinking 0–15 years, 1.61 for those drinking 16–30 years, and 1.98 for those drinking >30 years.