Poultry

Poultry

CARE AND FEEDING

Cage Dimensions*
# of Adults # of Young Length Width Height
Breeding/Lactation 35 cm 25 cm 35 cm
Growing 10-20 75 cm 50 cm 20 cm
Experimental 10-50 Variable
Feeding Recommendations
Daily Feed Usage Water Requirement Begin Dry Food Consumption
110-250 gm 250-500 ml/day Immediately after hatching
Environmental Data
Temp. Humidity Light Litter Material
21 °C 40-70% 14 hrs./day Shavings, peat moss
or commercial products

BIOLOGICAL VALUES

Blood Chemical Composition values are for plasma, except where noted
Water Calcium Sodium Chloride Phosphorus Potassium
93-95 gm/100ml 23.4 mEq/L
Magnesium Cholesterol Glucose Serum Protein Albumin Globulin
2.8 mg/100ml
Oxygen Consumption and Body Temperature
Observed
Weight
Temp-
erature
O2 Con-
sumption
Breathing Rate Heart Beat Adult
Heart Beat Newborn
41°C M: 12-18 /min.
F: 20-30 /min
Rooster: 273+
Hen: 341+
Rooster: 243+
Hen: 279+
Hematological Values
Whole Blood Vol. (T-1824 dye) Clotting Time RBC Life Span RBC Diameter RBC Rate of
Sedimentation
60-80 ml/kg 28 days 8.2 x 4.5 microns
Blood pH RBC Hematocrit Platelets Hb
2.8 ml/100ml 35610³/mm³ 12.0 gm/100ml
Total and Differential White Blood Cell Counts
Leucocytes Neutros Eosinos Basos Lymphos Monos
33 10³/mm³ 9.1 10³/mm³ 0.005 10³/mm³ 0.09 10³/mm³ 17.6 10³/mm³ 4.4 10³/mm³

LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION

Weight Light Breeds Adult Male
Weight Heavy Breeds
Adult Male
Weight
at Birth
Breeding
Age Male
Breeding Age Female Estrus
Cycle
2.2-3.6 kg 3.2-4.5 kg 20-50 gm 22-24 wks 18-24 wks
Adult Female Adult Female
1.6-2.7 kg 3.6-4.1 kg 1.8-2.7 kg 1.4-2.3 kg
Incubation Rebreed After Parturition Breeding Life Male Breeding Life Female
21 days 4-5 years
(1 yr. effectively
2-3 years
(1 yr. effectively)
Special Handling: Avoid drafts, noise and excitement. Control lighting according to program needs. Keep cages dry. Fowl have cannibalistic tendencies.
* Refer to the “Guide for the Care and use of Laboratory Animals” — NIH Publication No. 85-23, Revised 1985.
Prepared by the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20418

From LabDiets.com