Anthropological studies of other cultures show that burial practices have more to do with fashion than ethnicity and vary among an ethnic group according to age, sex and social status. With this observation in mind, examine this representative sample mainly from the cemetery at Tell es-Sa'idiyeh. Also, take a look at Tomb 90 Beth Shan and the more detailed information on T101 from Tell es-Sa'idiyeh. These burials together provide good corpus for the types of practices found elsewhere throughout Palestine at the end of the Bronze and beginning of the Iron Age.
Notice the position of the corpse.
Pay particular attention to the placement of hands and legs.
Do you see any variation according to age?
Take a look at the artifacts assoicated with each burial type. In what ways do the number and distributi on of artifacts vary according to age or sex?
Among the adult burials, do you see any variance in number and types of artifacts as well as treatment to the corporal remains that can be attributed to social status.
Last, you might find it useful to compare practices ith samples from the Middle Bronze and Iron Ages. Even a general perusal of the material will show some significant difference in the treatment of the corpse. More subtle differences in the number and types of artifacts would become apparent as you examine those tombs more closely.
INFANTS AND CHILDREN Disarticulate skeleton in Jar. Tombs 120, 121, 126, 136L Infant or child in fetal position partially flexed in grave. Tombs 104, 125, 127, 128, 139 Infant or child in supine position in grave. Tombs 111, 112?. ADULTS Adult in supine position with both hands on pelvis or beside pelvis. Burial in simple grave. Tombs 105U, 108, 109?, 110, 113, 122, 124, 129, 132, 136U, 137. Adult in supine position fully extended and infant burial usually at right shoulder of adult. Burial in simple grave. Tombs 119, 123, 127?, 128, 136L. Adult in supine position fully extended with one hand on chest. Burial in a mud-brick cist. Tombs 101. Adult burial resting on stone base and covered with bitumen. Burial in a mud-brick cist. Tombs 102, 117.
SELECTED ARTIFACTS S B S B R P W P A h e c a i i e o e e a a n n n a t l d r g g s p t V l s a l s o e e s b e n r s s s s y s e l s Infants 135 128* 1 127* 2 136* 1 125 13 123* 120 4 2 1 121 3
S B S B R P W P A h e c a i i e o e e a a n n n a t l d r g g s p t V l s a l s o e e s b e n r s s s s y s e l s Children 131 1 112 69 138 104 4 5 1 5 111 16 2
S B S B R P W P A h e c a i i e o e e a a n n n a t l d r g g s p t V l s a l s o e e s b e n r s s s s y s e l s Adolescent? 139 7 137 48 1 5
S B S B R P W P A h e c a i i e o e e a a n n n a t l d r g g s p t V l s a l s o e e s b e n r s s s s y s e l s Adults 102 1 2 7 4 117 31 1 1 17 1 113 1 5 119 955 2 6 2 133 101 571 2 5 7 124 128* 1 142 1 5 136L 646 4 4 123 10 3 3 7 136U 10 129 1 6
For further information, consult: Pritchard, James B. The Cemetery at Tell es-Sa'idiyeh, Jordan. Philadelphia, 1980.