Dec. 2001 GRAF Newsletter

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BULLETIN GRAF NEWSLETTER
http://www.bu.edu/africa/resources/graf/grafnews/index.html

DEC. 2001


@   Achille Mbembe (*) is the author of a new book titled “On the postcolony” published as vol. 41 of the University of California Press’ Studies on the History of Society and Culture (Berkeley, 2001; 274 p. ISBN # 0520204344 (cloth)/ 0520204352 (pbk). This is a translation of the French original “De la postcolonie: essai sur l’imagination politique dans l’Afrique contemporaine” published in 2000 in Paris by Karthala in their collection “Les Afriques” (293 p. ; pbk;  160 FF/ EUR 24,39 – ISBN # 2845860781)


#   Nyunda ya Rubango (*) vient de publier « Les pratiques discursives du Congo-Belge au Congo-Kinshasa. Une interprétation socio-linguistique » Préface par Benoît Verhaegen. Postface par V. Y. Mudimbe. (Paris, L’Harmattan, 2001 Collection “Congo-Zaïre-Histoire & Société”, 367 pages, 190 FF – ISBN 2-7475-0362-3). Cette étude comporte d’abord une analyse de divers discours congolais et belges dont il s’agit de décoder le fonds linguistique. Le corpus varie du discours colonial et missionnaire à un article de La Libre Belgique sur la mission de P. Lumumba aux USA, en juillet 1960. L’auteur décortique à la suite: le roman d’Ivan Reisdorff L’homme qui demanda du feu sur les tragédies coloniale et rwandaise; les écrits des premières élites modernes les “évolués” dont Lumumba et des correspondants de La Voix du Congolais; les romans d’un Zamenga Batukezanga, célèbre écrivain populaire du Congo-Zaïre; les “affichages” de la diaspora congolaise sur l’internet; etc. C’est aussi une réflexion à partir d’une expérience personnelle et collective: d’une part, un débat théorique sur l’exercice et le destin des sciences humaines africaines et en Afrique, à partir du modèle des sciences du langage; d’autre part, un nouvel examen critique du concept de la francophonie dans les champs congolais, africain et mondial.


#   Luc Sindjoun (*) qui est, depuis  juin,  le nouveau président élu de l’Association Africaine de Science Politique a récemment publié les travaux suivants: “La loyauté démocratique dans les relations internationales : sociologie des normes de civilité internationale”, in Etudes Internationales, Vol. XXXII, no.1 (Mars 2001) pp.31-50; “Is Democracy Compatible With Cultural Pluralism?” AAPS Occasional Papers Series (2001) 22p. ; “Transformation Of International Relations:Between Change And Continuity” (Luc Sindjoun, editor), numéro spécial de l’International Political Science Review, Vol 22, no3, Juillet 2001 (avec les contributions de Stephen Krasner,Andrew Linklater,Bertrand Badie,Tandeka Nkiwane et Luc Sindjoun). En outre, il prépare actuellement un livre sur “La Sociologie des relations internationales africaines”.


@   Nicolas van de Walle (*) is the author of a new book titled: “African Economies and the Politics of Permanent Crisis, 1979-1999” (Cambridge University Press, Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions, 2001).

The book addresses the question of why Sub Saharan Africa remains mired in a devastating economic crisis despite two decades of efforts to renew economic growth by taking a comprehensive look at the region’s political economy during the last twenty years. It explains the record of failed reform attempts as the result of the manner with which political authority is exercised in the region, the dynamics of interaction with international forces and the effect of past efforts at economic reform. The book shows that societal opposition to reform does not constitute the main obstacle, as many have contended. Instead, a careful analysis of the patterns in policy implementation and an analysis of decision-making in the region show that it is interests within the state apparatus that have subverted and then manipulated the reform process for political reasons. The book further argues that foreign aid and international support for structural adjustment has tended to buttress these interests, thus helping to maintain the status quo and actually undermining the prospects for economic growth. Over time, the failure to reform has exacted a high cost on administrative capacity, the public infrastructure and the popular legitimacy of the reform enterprise, making reform less likely.


#   Patrick Quantin (*) a publié avec I. Biagiotti “Les bailleurs de fonds, la conditionnalité politique et la promotion de la gouvernance en Afrique”, in G. Winter (ed.), Inégalités et politiques publiques en Afrique ; pluralité des normes et jeux d’acteurs, Paris, Karthala-IRD, 2001, pp. 325-346.


@   Patrick Royer (*) has co-authored, with Mahir Saul, a book on one of the largest armed uprisings against French colonial rule in West Africa. “West African Challenge to Empire: Culture and History in the Volta-Bani Anticolonial War” (440 p.)    is jointly published by Ohio University Press and by James Currey, Oxford [ISBN 29.0-8214-1413-5 (cloth; $65.00) & 30.0-8214-1414-3 (paper; $26.95) ]

 (*) Names listed in the GRAF Directory / Noms figurant à l’annuaire du GRAF


@   John F. Clark (*)  published an article titled “Explaining Ugandan Intervention in the Congo: Evidence and Interpretations”, in the Journal of Modern African Studies, 39:2 (2001), pp. 261-287. Another article of his on UEMOA and ECOWAS (co-authored with Sékou Camara) is scheduled to appear in the next issue of Global Development Studies. Clark has also contributed to, and edited a volume on “The African Stakes of the Congo War”, which is scheduled for publication in 2002 by Palgrave Press. Other contributors include Kevin Dunn (*), Tim Longman, Thomas Turner and Crawford Young.


@   Tony Chafer (*) is the author of “French African Policy in Historical Perspective”, in Journal of Modern African Studies 19:2 (2001),pp. 165-182; and of “Teaching Africans to be French? France’s ‘civilizing mission’ and the establishment of a public education system in French West Africa”, in Africa LVI : 2 (2001), pp. 190-209. Together with Amanda Sackur, Chafer has also co-edited a volume titled “Promoting the Colonial Idea: Propaganda and Visions of Empire in France”, which has just been published by Palgrave Press [264 pp; £45.00; ISBN:0333791800], and includes contributions by Gilles de Gantès, Jonathan Derrick, Odile Goerg, Alice Conklin & al. Challenging the notion that there was no ‘popular imperialism’ in France, the book examines the importance of France’s colonial role in the development of French society and culture after 1870. It assesses the impact of colonial propaganda on public attitudes in France and the relationship between French imperialism, republicanism and nationalism. It analyses metropolitan representations of empire, traces the development of a colonial ‘science’ and discusses the enduring importance of images and symbols of empire in contemporary France.

Les communications présentées lors du colloque “L’Afrique, les Etats-Unis et la France” peuvent être commandées auprès du Service des Publications, CEAN/IEP   B.P. 101   33405-Talence Cedex.  Le prix de la commande, à raison de 10 FRF par exemplaire doit être réglé préalablement par chèque bancaire libellé à l’ordre de: Agent Comptable, Université de Bordeaux IV.

Les commandes peuvent également être adressées au GRAF, qui transmettra.

NB: La liste complète des communications sera fournie sur demande.


@   Guy Martin (*) is spending this year as a Visiting Associate Professor at New York University’s Africana Studies Program, after holding a similar position in Government & Foreign Affairs at the University of Virginia in 1999-2001. His chapter on “France’s African Policy in Transition: Disengagement and Redeployment” appeared in “Mélanges euro-africains offerts à Max Liniger-Goumaz”  (Madrid: Ed. Claves para el Futuro, 2001). He presented a paper on the same topic at the international seminar “Toward a Pax West Africana” co-sponsored by ECOWAS and IPA and held in Abuja, Nigeria on 27-29 September.


@   Robert Kappel (*) has authored a monograph in the Politics and Economics Series (nº 57) of the University of Leipzig’s“Papers on Africa” collection  edited by Ulf Engel and Robert Kappel. The title is : “Nigeria: Mangelnder Reformwille zementiert politische Instabilität [ pp. 46, ISBN 3-93262-98-2 ]

In the same series, Robert Kappel has also published “Catching up in the mid-term hardly possible: Explanations for the long lasting growth weakness in Africa” [ Leipzig, 2001, pp. 36, ISBN: 3-932632-99-0]. This paper predicts that Africa’s low income countries (LICs) will remain underdeveloped for a longer period of time. One of the significant characteristics of LICs is the spread of informal activities and survival strategies are routine for the vast majority of people. The paper notes that economic reforms have led to a low-level equilibrium, and hardly contributed to a growth surge. The current structural factors, as well as the economic policy of low-income countries, can hardly be overcome with the help of prescriptions advocated by the donor community. Kappel then presents different theoretical approaches reflecting Africa’s realities. The conclusion clearly points out the deep-rooted structural problems in Africa’s LICs.

Both papers can be ordered at the price of € 5.00 each from the Institut für Afrikanistik, Universität Leipzig, Burgstrasse 21, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany [Website http://www.uni-leipzig.de/~afrikanistik/ULPA ]

Call for Papers
International Conference,  26-28 August 2002
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Trading Political Rights: The Comparative Politics of Vote Buying

In many new democracies (as well as in semi-authoritarian regimes), political parties, civic associations, and member of the mass media have been denouncing efforts to control electoral outcomes by buying votes. In numerous places,  accusations of electoral corruption and electoral manipulation through vote buying have ignited sharp interparty  conflict, threatening to distort, delegitimize, and derail incipient electoral processes. Yet, systematic knowledge about the comparative politics of vote buying is scarce. How can we observe the retail trade in votes? How do citizens perceive the commercialization of suffrage rights? How do political entrepreneurs purchase votes under different circumstances? How successful are different techniques of vote buying? How well do economic, cultural, and institutional theories explain the marketization of votes? How effective have different counter-strategies been in neutralizing practices of vote buying? We seek empirical research that addresses these questions from a variety of theoretical and methodological perspectives. Since the phenomenon of vote buying is not new, but reaches back to the very beginnings of modern democracy, we welcome studies on historical as well as contemporary experiences. Please send your paper proposal (2 pages maximum) with a synthesis of your CV (one page maximum) by e-mail to conference organizers Frederic C. Schaffer (*) schaffer@mit.edu & Andreas Schedler andreas@flacso.edu.mx


@   Benneta Jules-Rosette (*) was a guest speaker at the Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) where she was invited by the African Research Centre and the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology to deliver the department’s Special Annual Lecture, titled: “These Paintings Must Be Spoken : Popular African Art in European Spaces”.

@   An Vranckx (*), now associated with the Antwerp-based International Peace Information Service (IPIS), is the author of “Colombia – conflict, vredesproces en controverse – Deel 1: Historiek van het vredesproces” published by IPIS (2001; 36p) in their “Study Series”. Earlier, her book “Wetenschap voor beleid – een communicatieprobleem?” had been published in Brussels by VUB Press (2000, 310 p. ISBN# 90-5487-261-6)

#   La dernière édition de l’annuaire du GRAF qui  contient  les noms, adresses, numéros (mis à jour pour la France)  de téléphone, de télécopieur et de courrier électronique des membres du GRAF, ainsi que ceux des participants aux colloques de 1994 et de1997 peut être dès à présent commandée au prix de US$3.00 (frais d’envoi compris) de la  même façon que les autres publications du GRAF.