West African Kingdoms for Middle School A Bibilography



  • Calliope. Jan/Feb 1994, two articles: “Sundiata of Mali” and “A Continuing Tradition: The African Griot”
  • Sundiata. Wisniewski, David. (New York: Clarion Books). 1992.


  • The African Mask. Rupert, Janet E. (New York: Clarion Books) 1994. (**historical fiction on the Benin kingdom)

History for Students


  • Ancient Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade. Wahl, Catherine. (Ohio: Modern Curriculum Press) 1992.
  • Daily Life in Ancient and Modern Timbuktu. Brook, Larry. (Minneapolis: Lerner) 1999.
  • Mali: Land of Gold & Glory. Masoff, Joy. (Waccabuc, New York: Five Ponds Press) 2007. (revised)



  • Ancient African Town. Macdonald, Fiona. (New York: Franklin Watts) 1998.
  • Benin: An African Kingdom and Culture. Elliott, Kit. (Minneapolis: Lerner) 1979.
  • Footsteps Sept/Oct 1999, “Mansa Musa” (**whole issue of the magazine).
  • Gold. Meltzer, Milton. (New York: Harper Collins) 1993.
  • Kings and Queens of West Africa. Diouf, Sylviane Anna. (New York: Franklin Watts) 2000.
  • The Empire of Mali. Thompson, Carol. (New York: Franklin Watts) 1998.
  • The Royal Kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. McKissack, Patricia & Fredrick. (New York: Henry Holt & Co.) 1994.
  • Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Conrad, David. (New York: Chelsea House) 2009.


  • Ghana, Mali and Songhai. Mann, Kenny. (Parsippany, N.J.: Dillon Press) 1996.
  • Ibn Battuta in Black Africa. Hamdun, Said & King, Noel. (New Jersey: Princeton Press) 1994.
  • Oyo, Benin, Ashanti. Mann, Kenny. (Parsippany, NJ: Dillon Press) 1996.
  • The Kingdom of Benin in West Africa. Millar, Heather. (New York: Benchmark Books) 1997.
  • The World in 1492. Fritz, Jean, et. al. (New York: Henry Holt & Co.) 1992.

Curriculum Resources for Teachers

  • Ancient Ghana: Pre-Colonial Trading Empire. Major-Parrish, Joan. (UCLA: National Center for History in the Schools). 1992. (**intended for grades 5-8.)
  • Empires and Kingdoms of Sub-Saharan Africa. Middle School World History Development Team. (Mountainview, California: Teachers’ Curriculum Institute). 1993. (** intended for middle school)

  • Ibn Battuta: A View of the Fourteenth-Century World. Arno, Joan & Grady, Helen. (UCLA: National Center for History in the Schools). 1998.
  • Mansa Musa: African King of Gold. Palumbo, Joe. (UCLA : National Center for History in the Schools). 1991. (**intended for grades 7-9)
  • Through African Eyes.v. 1, Clark, Leon E. (New York: Cite Books) 1988.
  • Through African Eyes: Teaching Strategies, v. 1. Clark, Leon E. (New York: CITE Books) 1988.
  • The Travels of Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta. eds., Scheverman, Richard & Ellis, Arthur. (Madison, WI:       DEMCO)
  • Medieval Africa: Ghana and Mali, a PowerPoint curriculum. Brown, Barbara. (Social Studies School Service) 2007. (**intended for middle school)

Audio Visual

  • Living memory: Six sketches of Mali today. Engles, E., Vogel, S. M., Sidibe, S., Keïta, (Brooklyn, NY: First Run/Icarus Films). 2003.